International Organization for Migration


International Organization for Migration

Infobox Organization
name = International Organization for Migration "Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations" "Organización Internacional para las Migraciones"


size =
type = Intergovernmental organization
headquarters = Geneva, Switzerland
administrative Centers: Manila,Philippines; Panama City, Panama
membership = 122 member states
leader_title = Director General
leader_name = Brunson McKinley
language = English, French and Spanish
formation = 1951
num_staff = 6000
expenditure = US$ 826 million (in 2008)
website = http://www.iom.int/
The International Organization for Migration is an intergovernmental organization. It was initially established in 1951 as the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (ICEM) to help resettle people displaced by World War II.

It Is the principal intergovernmental organization in the field of migration. IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. It does so by providing services and advice to governments and migrants.

IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, be they refugees, displaced persons or other uprooted people. The IOM Constitution gives explicit recognition to the link between migration and economic, social and cultural development, as well as to the right of freedom of movement of persons.

IOM works in the four broad areas of migration management: migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration, and addressing forced migration. Cross-cutting activities include the promotion of international migration law, policy debate and guidance, protection of migrants’ rights, migration health and the gender dimension of migration.

In addition, IOM has often organized elections for refugees out of their home country, as in the 2004 Afghan elections and the 2005 Iraqi elections, in both cases under the leadership of external electoral experts such as Peter Erben and Stuart Poucher.

IOM works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners.

History

IOM, or as it was first known, the Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movement of Migrants from Europe (PICMME), was born in 1951 out of the chaos and displacement of Western Europe following the Second World War.

Mandated to help European governments to identify resettlement countries for the estimated 11 million people uprooted by the war, it arranged transport for nearly a million migrants during the 1950s.

A succession of name changes from PICMME to the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (ICEM) in 1952, to the Intergovernmental Committee for Migration (ICM) in 1980 to the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in 1989, reflects the organization's transition over half a century from logistics agency to migration agency.

While IOM's history tracks the man-made and natural disasters of the past half century - Hungary 1956, Czechoslovakia 1968, Chile 1973, the Vietnamese Boat People 1975, Kuwait 1990, Kosovo and Timor 1999, and the Asian tsunami and Pakistan earthquake of 2004/2005 - its credo that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society has steadily gained international acceptance.

From its roots as an operational logistics agency, it has broadened its scope to become the leading international agency working with governments and civil society to advance the understanding of migration issues, encourage social and economic development through migration, and uphold the human dignity and well-being of migrants.

The broader scope of activities has been matched by rapid expansion from a relatively small agency into one with an annual operating budget of close to $1 billion and some 5,400 staff working in over 100 countries worldwide.

As "The International Migration Agency" IOM has become the point of reference in the heated global debate on the social, economic and political implications of migration in the 21st century.

Criticism

IOM has been critizised by antiracist groups, migrant organizations and NGOs for propagating and actively organizing practices such as deportations, militarized border controls or detention centers - all practices that they consider to be inhumane. To ensure the IOM's principle of "orderly migration," IOM spends much time in discussion with accepting countries. Such discussion on the other hand, made the IOM often being portrayed by critics as an organization which serves the interest of the accepting countries (rich countries) intead of taking the needs of refugees and migrants truly into account. The No Border Network maintains a campaign named 'IOM Watch'.

External links

* [http://www.iom.int International Organization for Migration]
* [http://www.voanews.com/english/2006-12-17-voa12.cfm IOM Says Migrants Often Overlooked During Crises]
* [http://www.noborder.org/iom/index.php Campaign IOM Watch by the No Border Network]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • International Organization for Migration — Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Strukturen 2 Aktivitäten 3 Kritik 4 Einzelnachweise 5 Weblinks // …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • International Centre for Migration and Health — The International Centre for Migration Health and Development (ICMHD) is a non governmental organization based in Geneva, Switzerland. It was founded in 1995 with the purpose of improving, protecting and advocating for the health and welfare of… …   Wikipedia

  • international organization — An organization with global mandates, generally funded by contributions from national governments. Examples include the International Committee of the Red Cross, the International Organization for Migration, and United Nations agencies. Also… …   Military dictionary

  • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe — OSCE redirects here. For other uses, see OSCE (disambiguation). Organization for Security and Co operation in Europe (OSCE) …   Wikipedia

  • List of international organization leaders in 2005 — 2004 international organization leaders Events of 2005 2006 international organization leaders International organization leaders by year See also: *List of state leaders in 2005 *List of religious leaders in 2005 *List of colonial governors in… …   Wikipedia

  • List of international organization leaders in 2006 — 2005 international organization leaders Events of 2006 2007 international organization leaders International organization leaders by year See also: *List of state leaders in 2006 *List of religious leaders in 2006 *List of colonial governors in… …   Wikipedia

  • List of international organization leaders in 2007 — 2006 international organization leaders Events of 2007 2008 international organization leaders International organization leaders by year See also: *List of state leaders in 2007 *List of religious leaders in 2007 *List of colonial governors in… …   Wikipedia

  • List of international organization leaders in 2008 — 2007 international organization leaders Events of 2008 2009 international organization leaders International organization leaders by year See also: *List of state leaders in 2008 *List of religious leaders in 2008 *List of colonial governors in… …   Wikipedia

  • Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars — The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (or Wilson Center) (located in Washington, D.C.) is a United States Presidential Memorial that was established as part of the Smithsonian Institution by an act of Congress in 1968. Named in… …   Wikipedia

  • International Organizations and Groups — Note: The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) has dissolved and ceases to exist. None of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, including Serbia and Montenegro, have been permitted to participate solely on the basis of the… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.