John Rolls, 1st Baron Llangattock
John Allan Rolls, 1st Baron Llangattock (
19 February 1837– 24 September 1912), the only son of John Etherington Welch Rolls and his wife Elizabeth Mary Long (herself a granddaughter of William Carnegie, 7th Earl of Northesk), was a Welsh politician and benefactor to the Chailey Heritage.
His country seat was
The Hendre, a Victorian architecture mansionnorth of Monmouth.
Rolls was educated at Eton and
Christ's College, Cambridge, later becoming Captain in the Royal Gloucestershire HussarsYeomanry Cavalry, and was afterwards appointed honorary colonel of the 4th Welsh Brigade R.F.A.
He served as MP for Monmouthshire from 1880-85, and was raised to the peerage in 1892. He was elected
High Sheriffof Montgomeryshire in 1895 and served as Mayor of Monmouth 1896 - 1897. He was also a magistrate and Deputy Lieutenantof that county.
He was a breeder of
Shire horses and acquired a reputation amongst agriculturalists for his shorthorncattle and Hereford and Shropshire breeds of sheep. He was a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries and restored several Monmouthshire churches at his own expense. [Obituary, The Times25 September 1912]
In 1868 he married Georgiana Marcia Maclean in London, the daughter of Sir Charles Maclean, 9th
Baronet of Morvaren. They had four children:
* The Hon. John Maclean Rolls (1870-1916) 2nd
* The Hon. Henry Alan Rolls (1871-1916)
* The Hon. Eleanor Georgiana Rolls (1872-1961) m. Sir John Courtown Edward
Shelley(6th Baronet Shelleyof Castle Goring, Sussexand great-nephew of the author Mary Shelley)
* The Hon. Charles Stewart Rolls (1877-1910) of Rolls Royce fame.
The Duke and Duchess of York (later King George V and Queen Mary) stayed with Lord and Lady Llangattock at the Hendre in late October - early November 1900. The Duke and Duchess were taken on motor car excursions by their son Charles, probably the first time that the royal couple had been in a car. The Rolls family had become more and more successful during the nineteenth century, and their wealth was based on land and property in south London as well as their Monmouthshire estates. The royal visit was an important event for them; it confirmed their elevation to the top level of society locally.
All three of Lord Llangattock's sons died unmarried and the barony became extinct at the death of his son the 2nd Baron, who died of wounds received at the
Battle of the Sommein 1916.
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