- Casimir Pierre Perier
Infobox Prime Minister
name=Casimir Pierre Perier
Prime Minister of France
term_start =13 March 1831
term_end =16 May 1832
successor =Duc de Dalmatie
birth_date =birth date|1777|10|11|mf=y
death_date =death date and age|1832|5|16|1777|10|11|mf=y
Casimir Pierre Perier (11 October 1777ndash 16 May 1832) was a
French statesman, President of the Council during the July Monarchy, when he headed the conservative "Parti de la résistance" (Party of Resistance).
Grenoble, he was the fourth son of a rich bankerand manufacturer, Claude Perier (1742-1801), in whose house the estates of Dauphinémet in 1788. Claude Perier was one of the first directors of the Bank of France. Of his eight sons, Augustin (1773-1833), Antoine Scipion (1776-1821), and Camille (1781-1844) all distinguished themselves in industry and in politics. The family moved to Parisafter the revolution of Thermidor(1794), and Casimir joined the army of Italy in 1798.
On his father's death, Perier left the army and with his brother Scipion founded a bank in Paris, the speculations of which Casimir directed while Scipion took on its administration. Perier opposed the ruinous methods by which the duc de Richelieu sought to raise the war indemnity demanded by the Allies, in a pamphlet "Réflexions sur le projet d'emprunt" (1817), followed in the same year by "Dernières réflexions" in answer to an inspired article in the "Moniteur".
In the same year, Perier entered the
Chamber of Deputiesfor Paris, taking his seat in the Left Centre with the moderate opposition, and making his first speech in defence of the freedom of the press. Re-elected for Paris in 1822 and 1824, and in 1827 for Paris and for Troyes, he elected to represent Troyes, and sat for that constituency until his death. Perier's violence in debate was not associated with any disloyalty to the Bourbon Restoration, and he held resolutely aloof from the Republican conspiracies and intrigues which prepared the way for the revolution of 1830. Under the Martignac ministry, there was some prospect of a reconciliation with the court, and, in January 1829, he was nominated a candidate for the presidency of the chamber; but in August with the elevation to power of Jules, Prince de Polignac, the truce ceased, and on the 15 March 1830, Perier was one of the 221 deputies who repudiated the Ordinances put forward by Charles X.
Averse by instinct and by interest to popular revolution, Perier nevertheless sat on the provisory commission of five at the
Hôtel-de-villeduring the Three Glorious Daysof July 1830, but he refused to sign the declaration of Charles X's dethronement. Perier reluctantly recognized in the government of Louis Philippe's constitutional monarchythe only alternative to the continuance of the Revolution, but he was no favorite with the new king, whom he scorned for his truckling to the mob. He became President of the Chamber of Deputies, and sat for a few months in the cabinet, though without a portfolio.
President of the Council
On the fall of the weak and discredited ministry of
Jacques Laffitte, Perier, who had drifted more and more to the Right, was summoned to power (13 March 1831), and, in the short space of a year, he more or less restored civic order in France and re-established her credit in Europe. Paris was in a constant state of disturbance from March to September, and was only held in check by the premier's determination. The Canut Revoltat Lyonwas suppressed after hard fighting; and at Grenoble, in face of the quarrels between the military and the inhabitants, Perier declined to make any concession to the townsfolk.
As a minister, Perier refused to be dragged into armed intervention in favor of the revolutionary government of
Warsaw, but his policy of peace did not exclude energetic demonstrations in support of French interests. He constituted France the protector of Belgiumby the prompt expedition of the army of the north against the Dutch in August 1831. French influence in Italywas asserted by the audacious occupation of Ancona(23 February 1832); and the refusal of compensation for injuries to French residents by the Portuguese government was followed by a naval demonstration at Lisbon.Perier had undertaken the premiership with many forebodings, and overwork and anxiety prepared the way for disease. In the spring of 1832, during the choleraoutbreak in Paris, he visited the hospitals in company with the duke of Orleans. He fell ill the next day of a violent fever, and died six weeks later.
Auguste Casimir-Perier(1811-1876) was also a French politician, and his family continued to be prominent in French politics for generations.
*His "Opinions et discours" were edited by A. Lesieur (2 vols., 1838); C. Nicoullaud published in 1894 the first part ("Casimir-Perier, député de l'opposition", 1817-1830) of a study of his life and policy; and his ministry is exhaustively treated by
Paul Thureau-Danginin vols. 1. and ii. (1884) of his "Histoire de la monarchie de juillet".
*For the family in general see E. Choulet, "La Famille Casimir Perier" (Grenoble, 1894).
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Casimir Pierre Perier — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Périer et Casimir Perier. Casimir Perier … Wikipédia en Français
Casimir Pierre Perier — (* 11. Oktober 1777 in Grenoble; † 16. Mai 1832 in Paris) war ein französischer Staatsmann. Casimir Pierre Perier entstammte einer großbürgerlichen Kaufmannsfamilie. Nach einer Karriere als Bankier und Regent der Banque de France war er ab 1817… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Casimir Pierre Périer — Casimir Pierre Perier Casimir Pierre Périer (* 11. Oktober 1777 in Grenoble; † 16. Mai 1832 in Paris) war ein französischer Staatsmann. Périer entstammte einer großbürgerlichen Kaufmannsfamilie. Nach einer Karriere als Bankier und Regent der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Périer, Casimir (-Pierre) — born Oct. 21, 1777, Grenoble, France died May 16, 1832, Paris French statesman. Son of a financier, he cofounded a bank in 1801 and by 1814 was a leading banker in Paris. He was elected to the French Chamber of Deputies (1817), where he opposed… … Universalium
Périer, Casimir (-Pierre) — (21 oct. 1777, Grenoble, Francia–16 may. 1832, París). Estadista francés. Hijo de un financista, cofundó un banco en 1801 y en 1814 era un importante banquero de París. Fue elegido a la Cámara de Diputados (1817), donde se opuso a Carlos X.… … Enciclopedia Universal
Casimir Perier — Casimir Pierre Perier Pour les articles homonymes, voir Périer et Casimir Perier. Casimir Perier … Wikipédia en Français
Casimir Perrier — Casimir Pierre Perier Pour les articles homonymes, voir Périer et Casimir Perier. Casimir Perier … Wikipédia en Français
Perier — oder Périer ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Auguste Casimir Perier (1811–1876), französischer Diplomat, Sohn von Casimir Pierre Perier Bonaventure des Périers (um 1510–1543), französischer Schriftsteller Casimir Pierre Périer (1777–1832) … Deutsch Wikipedia
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