Gaston Doumergue


Gaston Doumergue

Infobox Politician
name = Gaston Doumergue


caption = Portrait of Gaston Doumergue by Henri Manuel
width = 200px
height = 200px
birth_date = 1 August 1863
birth_place = Aigues-Vives
residence =
death_date = Death date and age|1937|6|18|1863|8|1
death_place = Aigues-Vives, France
constituency =
office2= 13th President of the French Republic
Co-Prince of Andorra
salary2=
term_start2= 13 June 1924
term_end2= 13 June 1931
predecessor2= Alexandre Millerand
successor2= Paul Doumer
constituency2=
office = 79th Prime Minister of France
salary =
term_start = 9 December 1913
term_end = 9 June 1914
predecessor = Louis Barthou
successor = Alexandre Ribot
constituency =
office3 = 109th Prime Minister of France
salary3 =
term_start3 = 9 February 1934
term_end3 = 8 November 1935
predecessor3 = Édouard Daladier
successor3 = Pierre-Étienne Flandin
religion = Protestant
occupation =
majority =
spouse =
children =
website =
footnotes =

Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue (Aigues-Vives, Gard, 1 August 1863ndash 18 June 1937 in Aigues-Vives) was a French politician of the Third Republic.

Doumergue came from a Protestant family. Beginning as a Radical, he turned more towards the political right in his old age. He served as Prime Minister from 9 December 1913 to 2 June 1914. He held the portfolio for the colonies through the ministries of Viviani and Briand until the Ribot ministry of March, 1917, when he was sent to Russia to persuade the Kerensky government not to make a separate peace with Germany and Austria. He was elected the twelfth President of France on 13 June 1924, the only Protestant to hold that office. He served until 13 June 1931, and again was Prime Minister in a conservative national unity government, following the riots of 6 February 1934. This government lasted from 6 February to 8 November 1934.

He was widely regarded as one of the most popular French Presidents, particularly after highly controversial Alexandre Millerand, who was his predecessor. Doumergue was single when elected, and became the first President of France to marry in office. [cite news
author=ELAINE SCIOLINO
title=French Leader and Ex-Model Wed in Quiet Ceremony
date=3 February 2008
work=New York Times
url=http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/03/world/europe/03sarkozy.html
accessdate=2008-08-10
]

Doumergue's First Ministry, 9 December 1913 - 9 June 1914

* Gaston Doumergue - President of the Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs
* Joseph Noullens - Minister of War
* René Renoult - Minister of the Interior
* Joseph Caillaux - Minister of Finance
* Albert Métin - Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions
* Jean-Baptiste Bienvenu-Martin - Minister of Justice
* Ernest Monis - Minister of the Marine
* René Viviani - Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts
* Maurice Raynaud - Minister of Agriculture
* Albert Lebrun - Minister of Colonies
* Fernand David - Minister of Public Works
* Louis Malvy - Minister of Commerce, Industry, Posts, and Telegraphs

Changes
* 17 March 1914 - René Renoult succeeds Caillaux as Finance Minister. Louis Malvy succeeds Renoult as Minister of the Interior. Raoul Péret succeeds Malvy as Minister of Commerce, Industry, Posts, and Telegraphs.
* 20 March 1914 - Armand Gauthier de l'Aude succeeds Monis as Minister of Marine.

Doumergue's Second Ministry, 9 February - 8 November 1934

* Gaston Doumergue - President of the Council
* Louis Barthou - Minister of Foreign Affairs
*Philippe Pétain - Minister of War
*Albert Sarraut - Minister of the Interior
*Louis Germain-Martin - Minister of Finance
*Adrien Marquet - Minister of Labour
*Henri Chéron - Minister of Justice
*François Piétri - Minister of Military Marine
*William Bertrand - Minister of Merchant Marine
*Victor Denain - Minister of Air
*Aimé Berthod - Minister of National Education
*Georges Rivollet - Minister of Pensions
*Henri Queuille - Minister of Agriculture
*Pierre Laval - Minister of Colonies
*Pierre Étienne Flandin - Minister of Public Works
*Louis Marin - Minister of Public Health and Physical Education
*André Mallarmé - Minister of Posts, Telegraphs, and Telephones
*Lucien Lamoureux - Minister of Commerce and Industry
*Édouard Herriot - Minister of State
*André Tardieu - Minister of State

Changes
*13 October 1934 - Pierre Laval succeeds Barthou (assassinated 9 October) as Minister of Foreign Affairs. Paul Marchandeau succeeds Sarraut as Minister of the Interior. Louis Rollin succeeds Laval as Minister of Colonies.
*15 October 1934 - Henri Lémery succeeds Chéron as Minister of Justice.

References

ee also

*6 February 1934 crisis


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