2/1st Australian Infantry Battalion

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 2/1st Australian Infantry Battalion


caption=
dates=October 1939 - December 1945
country=Australia
allegiance=
branch=Army
type=Infantry
role=
size=
command_structure= Australian 16th Brigade
current_commander=
garrison=
ceremonial_chief=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
nickname=
patron=
motto=
colors=Black over Green
march=
mascot=
battles= North African campaign, Greek campaign, New Guinea campaign
anniversaries=
The 2/1st Australian Infantry Battalion was a battalion of the Australian Army was raised at Victoria Barracks, Sydney, on 16 October 1939 as part of the 16th Brigade of the 6th Australian Division for World War II.

Greece and the Middle East

The battalion embarked for overseas service on 10 January 1940 and arrived in Egypt on 13 February. The battalion then moved to Palestine were it concentrated with the rest of the 16th Brigade at Julis near Gaza. The entire brigade remained in Palestine until the end of August, when it moved to Egypt to carry out preparations for active service with the 6th Division. The battalions first campaign of World War II was the advance from Egypt into eastern Libya in January and February 1941. The battalion was involved in the attacks to capture Bardia and Tobruk, and was left to garrison Tobruk as the advance continued. It left Tobruk on 7 March, ultimately bound for Greece with the rest of the 6th Division.

The battalion arrived in Greece on 22 March and was quickly deployed to the north of the country to resist the anticipated German attack. The battalion took up positions at Veria on 7 April but, in the face of a superior German force, it began a withdrawal south on 12 April and was evacuated by sea from Megara on 25 April. The battalion landed on Crete the next day and was subsequently deployed with the 2/11th Battalion to defend the airfield at Retimo. The German airborne invasion of Crete began on 20 May but a strong defence denied them Retimo airfield until 30 May. German victories elsewhere on Crete, however, allowed them to concentrate overwhelming force against Retimo and, short of supplies, the 2/1st surrendered and became prisoners of war.

The battalion was rebuilt in Palestine in October 1941 and took up the defences in Northern Syria. The Battalion returned to Australia on 10 March 1942 to assist in the defence of Australia from Japanese advances. During the voyage home the battalion was diverted to Ceylon to defend it from a possible Japanese attack. The 2/1st Battalion finally arrived in Melbourne on 7 August 1942.

Pacific

The battalion deployed to New Guinea and took part in the advance along the Kokoda Track between September 1942 and January 1943. During the counter-offensive against Japanese forces the 2/1st Battalion were involved in the major battles at Eora Creek and then at Gorari, followed by Sanananda between October and late November 1942. Heavy casualties were suffered by the battalion during the campaign. Subsequent to the Kokoda campaign, the 2/1st returned to Australia to rebuild and were then sent back to New Guinea in December 1944 to help round up an estimated 35000 Japanese in the Aitape-Wewak region.

The Battalion was finally disbanded in December 1945.

References

* [http://www.awm.gov.au/units/unit_11252.asp Australian War Memorial]
* [http://en.epochtimes.com/news/7-4-24/54487.html Article on veteran's participation in Anzac Day]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 2/3rd Australian Infantry Battalion — memorial service held for members of the unit who were killed in the Aitape Wewak Campaign FormationThe 2/3rd Australian Infantry Battalion was a battalion of the 6th Australian Division raised as part of the Second Australian Imperial Force for… …   Wikipedia

  • 1st Parachute Battalion (Australia) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Australian 1st Parachute Battalion caption=Soldiers from the 1st Parachute Battalion boarding a C 47 in 1944 dates=1943 1946 country=Australia allegiance= branch=Army type=Infantry role=Parachute infantry size=… …   Wikipedia

  • 1st Division (Australia) — 1st Division Active 3 August 1914 – March 1919 March 1921 – April 1944 April 1948 – Present Country Australia …   Wikipedia

  • Australian Light Horse — were mounted troops with characteristics of both cavalry and mounted infantry. They served during the Second Boer War and World War I. The Australian 4th Light Horse Brigade at the Battle of Beersheba in 1917 made what is reputedly the last… …   Wikipedia

  • Australian Army — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Australian Army caption= dates= 1 March, 1901 today country= Australia allegiance=Queen Elizabeth II branch= type= Army size= 27,461 (regular) 15,579 (reservists) command structure= Department of Defence Land… …   Wikipedia

  • Australian Army Reserve — Australian Army Reserve …   Wikipedia

  • 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment — Infobox Military Unit unit name=1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment caption=Badge of the Royal Australian Regiment country=Australia allegiance= type=Line Infantry branch=Army dates=12 October 1945 ndash;present specialization=Light Infantry …   Wikipedia

  • Australian armoured units of World War II — Armoured units made a relatively small, but important, contribution to Australia’s war effort during World War II. While Australia formed three armoured divisions and two independent armoured brigades during the war, Australian armoured units… …   Wikipedia

  • Battalion — For other uses, see Battalion (disambiguation). Chain of Command of the British Army Unit Soldiers Commander Fireteam 4 …   Wikipedia

  • 1st SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 1st SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler caption= 1st SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler dates= 9 November 1923 8 May 1945 country= Nazi Germany allegiance= branch= Infantry, Special Forces type= role …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.