Infobox Ort in Deutschland
Art = Stadt
Wappen = Wappen Waldshut-Tiengen.png
lat_deg = 47 |lat_min = 37 |lat_sec = 23
lon_deg = 08 |lon_min = 12 |lon_sec = 52
Bundesland = Baden-Württemberg
Regierungsbezirk = Freiburg
Landkreis = Waldshut
Höhe = 341
Fläche = 77.98
Einwohner = 22586
Stand = 2006-12-31
PLZ = 79741–79761
PLZ-alt = 7890
Vorwahl = 07751, 07741
Kfz = WT
Gemeindeschlüssel = 08 3 37 126
Gliederung = 2 Kernstädte und 10 Stadtteile
Adresse = Kaiserstraße 28-32
Website = [http://www.waldshut-tiengen.de/ www.waldshut-tiengen.de]
Bürgermeister = Martin Albers
Bürgermeistertitel = Oberbürgermeister
Partei = CDU
Waldshut-Tiengen is a city in southwestern
Baden-Württembergright at the Swiss border. It is the district seat and at the same time the biggest city in Waldshut district and a "middle centre" in the area of the "high centre" Lörrach/ Weil am Rheinto whose middle area most towns and communities in Waldshut district belong (with the exception of seven communities that belong to Bad Säckingen's area). There are furthermore complexities arising from cross-border traffic between this area and the Swiss cantons of Aargau, Schaffhausen and Zürich. This classification relates to Walter Christaller's Central Place Theory, however, and not to any official administrative scheme.
The city, which was newly created in the framework of the 1975 municipal reform, at that time passed the 20,000 mark in population. City council then applied to have the city raised to "
Große Kreisstadt", which the government of Baden-Württemberg granted with on 1 July 1976. Waldshut-Tiengen is also in an "administrative community" ("Verwaltungsgemeinschaft") with the communities of Dogern, Lauchringen und Weilheim.
Waldshut-Tiengen lies at the edge of the southern
Black Forest, right on the river Rhine, along which runs the German-Swiss border. The Waldshut townsite lies about 2 km west of where the river Aarempties into the Rhine. Tiengen lies near where the river Wutach meets the Rhein, on the way into the "Klettgau", a German-Swiss border region on the Rhine's north bank. Also within the town's municipal area are the rivers Steina and Schlücht, which both empty into the Wutach. From this arose Tiengen's former description as a "Viertälerstadt" (four-valley town).
The following towns all border on the town of Waldshut-Tiengen. The list runs clockwise, starting in the west: Dogern, Albbruck, Dachsberg, Weilheim, Ühlingen-Birkendorf,
Wutöschingen, Lauchringen and Küssaberg (all in Waldshut district) and furthermore, across the Rhine, Koblenz, Leuggern and Full-Reuenthal(all in the canton of Aargau).
Parts of town
The town's municipal area consists of the two townsites of Waldshut and Tiengen and the nine communities amalgamated with these two former towns in the municipal reform. These are Aichen (with Gutenburg), Breitenfeld, Detzeln, Eschbach, Gurtweil, Indlekofen, Krenkingen, Oberalpfen and Waldkirch (with Gaiß and Schmitzingen).
For all nine once independent communities as well as for the community of Schmitzingen, which was formerly part of Waldkirch, "Ortschaften" have been established in the sense in which this term refers to municipal organization in Baden-Württemberg. This means that they each have a community council chosen by the eligible voters at each municipal election, and each one with a chairman or chairwoman. The Ortschaften bear the same names as these former communities, with a few anomalies (Aichen-Gutenberg for the former Aichen, Gaiß-Waldkirch for the two neighbourhoods in the former Waldkirch, and Schmitzingen, which was formerly part of Waldkirch). The size of these councils is limited to six, but Gurtweil is an exception with ten.
Until 1803, Waldshut belonged to
Further Austria. Tiengen/Hochrhein (until 2 September 1964Tiengen (Oberrhein)) was the residence of the Landgraves of Klettgau who belonged in early modern times first to the Counts of Sulz, and after their line died out, to the " Fürsten" of Schwarzenberg. Gurtweil belonged first to the Abbey of St. Gall, and later to the Rheinau Monastery, but after the Thirty Years' Warto Saint Blaise's BenedictineMonastery in the Black Forest.
In the Waldshut War of 1468 – a localized conflict over hegemony in the south Black Forest region – Tiengen was absorbed by the
Old Swiss Confederacy, while the town of Waldshut was be sieged and partly destroyed.
In 1805, Waldshut went to
Badenand became the seat of an "Amt", which over the years was changed many times, and in 1939 was turned into the "Kreis" (District) of Waldshut. In 1973, the district's area was increased under the municipal reform.
Tiengen likewise went to Baden in 1806 and belonged to the "Amt" of Klettgau, and in 1812 to the regional "Amt" of Tiengen, which was abolished in 1819. Thereafter the town belonged to the regional "Amt" of Waldshut.
Waldshut-Tiengen's municipal area developed as follows:
1 January 1971the communities of Breitenfeld and Detzeln were amalgamated into the town of Tiengen/Hochrhein. They were followed on 1 July 1974by the communities of Aichen and Krenkingen.
* On 1 July 1971, the communities of Eschbach, Indlekofen, Oberalpfen and Waldkirch (with the communities of Gaiß and Schmitzingen, amalgamated in 1935) were amalgamated into the town of Waldshut.
* On 1 January 1975, both towns, Waldshut and Tiengen/Hochrhein, along with the community of Gurtweil, were amalgamated to form the new town of Waldshut-Tiengen.
Population figures are for respective municipal areas at the times to which the figures apply. Until 1974, the figures for the town of Waldshut are given. The figures are either
censusresults (¹) or official extrapolations.
¹ Census figures
Waldshut first belonged to the
Bishopric of Konstanz. In 1524, Dr. Balthasar Hubmaierwanted to introduce the Reformation. This, however, could not be achieved. As a result of belonging to Further Austria, Waldshut and its environs remained overwhelmingly Catholicuntil the 19th century. The town had even been the deaconry seat since the 12th century. The neighbouring town of Tiengen and its environs also remained overwhelmingly Catholic, albeit with a few of Hubmaier's followers who believed in his Anabaptistteachings. As of 1821, the Catholic communities in today's Waldshut-Tiengen belonged to the Archbishopric of Freiburg, and indeed to the two deaconries of Waldshut and Wutachtal. These have been merged into three pastoral units (divisions consisting of several parishes). The pastoral unit of Maria Bronnen includes the parishes of St. Marien Waldkirch, St. Sebastian Aichen and St. Simon und Judas Gurtweil as well as the neighbouring parishes of St. Peter und Paul Weilheim, St. Stephan Weilheim-Nöggenschwiel, St. Pankratius Berau and St. Laurentius Brenden (both in the community of Ühlingen-Birkendorf). The pastoral unit of Waldshut includes the Liebfrauengemeinde and the neighbouring parish of St. Klemens in Dogern. In the Deaconry of Wutachtal, the two parishes of Mariä Himmelfahrt Tiengen and St. Nikolaus Krenkingen together with the neighbouring parish of Herz Jesu Lauchringen-Unterlauchringen belong to the pastoral unit of Tiengen.
In the 19th century, Protestants also came to Waldshut and Tiengen. Waldshut's Protestants were at first under Säckingen's care, but in 1870, Waldshut got its own minister, and in 1890, an affiliated parish was established. In 1921, the community became a fully-fledged parish in its own right. To this parish also nowadays belong the Protestants in the communities of Eschbach, Indlekofen and Waldkirch, along with a few other neighbouring communities. A Protestant community also developed in Tiengen in 1871, which at first was affiliated with Kadelburg. The "Christuskirche" (church) was built in 1905. There has been a fully-fledged parish there since 1926. To this Evangelical parish also nowadays belong the Protestants in the communities of Aichen, Breitenfeld, Detzeln, Gurtweil and Krenkingen along with a few other neighbouring communities. The Protestants in the community of Oberalpfen belong to the Hochrhein church region of the Evangelical State Church in Baden.
Alongside the two big churches, there are also communities belonging to
free churches, among which are an Evangelical Free Church community ( Baptists) with their Balthasar Hubmaier Church, the New Apostolic Church, and the Old Catholic Church.
Waldshut-Tiengen's municipal council consists of 26 unpaid city councillors whose chairman or chairwoman is the mayor ("Oberbürgermeister"). The last municipal election on
13 June 2004yielded the following division of seats:
Previously, a "Schultheiß" (village head) stood at the lead of the town of Waldshut, including an eight person council. Both were directly elected. In 1527, the "Schultheiß" was temporarily appointed by the lords ("Landesherren"). Besides this, there were also "Ratsherren" ("Council Lords") ("Inner Council") consisting of four "old" and four "new" advisers. The first was the governor of the "Schultheiß's" office, and thereby the town's actual mayor. For the towsfolk's representation, there was an "Outer Council" with
guildmasters. In the 16th century, the Inner Council had a different organization. To this belonged the "Schultheiß", the governor of the "Schultheiß's" office, the town clerk and five advisers. The Outer Council then had six members. By 1789, there was a "Bürgermeister" instead of a governor of the "Schultheiß's" office.
In Tiengen there was first a "Schultheiß" and six advisers, then as of 1422 an elected "Schultheiß" and the advisers as well as a reeve ("Vogt") appointed by the lord. The
bylaws were then changed many times. In 1703, the town head bore the title "Stadtvogt" ("town reeve")
Since the town of Waldshut-Tiengen was raised to "Große Kreisstadt" in 1976, the town head has borne the official title "Oberbürgermeister". He or she is directly elected by eligible voters for a term of eight years and is head of the municipal council. His second-in-command is the first councillor, who bears the title "Bürgermeister".
"Bürgermeister" of Waldshut
*-1810: Karl Josef Haitz
*1810-1817: Ignaz Straubhaar
*1817-1819: Martin Bähr
*1819-1830: Johann Jakob Soder
*1830-1834: Anton Bähr
*1834-1840: Balthasar Merzler
*1840-1865: Vinzenz Bürgi
*1865-1878: Gustav Straubhaar
*1878-1885: Karl Frowin Mayer
*1885-1894: Alois Lang
*1894-1910: Leopold Büchele
*1910-1923: Leopold Kupferschmid
*1924-1931: Dr. Paul Horster
*1932-1942: Albert Wild
*1942-1945: August Birkenmeier
*1945-1957: Hermann Dietsche
*1965-1975: Dr. Friedrich Wilhelm Utsch
"Bürgermeister" of Tiengen
*-1824: Melchior Rutschmann
*1824-1838: Xaver Kaiser
*1839-1861: Franz Xaver Rutschmann
*1861-1873: Ludwig Thoma
*1873-1879: Franz Joseph Seeger
*1879-1885: Joseph Bindert
*1885-1907: Heinrich Maier
*1907-1917: Karl Pfister
*1919-1927: Wilhelm Haiß
*1927-1934: Dr. Josef Frantzen
Wilhelm Gutmann, NSDAP
*1945: Ernst Herion
*1945-1946: Alois Multerer
*1946-1948: Alfons Kirchgäßner (1947-48 suspended, affairs taken over by Josef Hürst)
*1948-1951: Josef Hürst
*1951-1961: Georg Möllmann
*1961-1975: Franz Schmidt
"Bürgermeister" of Waldshut-Tiengen since 1975
*1975-1994: Franz-Joseph Dresen, "Bürgermeister", as of 1976 "Oberbürgermeister"
*1994-today: Martin Albers, "Oberbürgermeister"
Coat of arms
The coat of arms was granted by the Freiburg Government Presidium on
2 November 1981. It is a melding of Waldshut's and Tiengen's two former coats of arms. The man on the left half of the shield, the "Waldshuter Männle", had been used as a seal stamp in Waldshut since the 13th century. From his outfit, the man is taken to be a ranger ( _de. Waldhüter), and is therefore also deemed to be a "canting" coat of arms, being somewhat suggestive of the former town's name. The Madonna and Childon the right side come from Tiengen's old town seal, and are also known to date back quite a long way. They are, however, emblazoned a bit differently compared to the originals.
Bloison the Loire, France, since 30 June 1963
Lewes, East Sussex, England, United Kingdom, since 1973
Economy and infrastructure
Other than small-scale machine and furniture manufacturing industries, the town of Waldshut-Tiengen no longer has an industrial establishment worth mentioning. A large part of the working population of the town go to work each day in Switzerland, which is just across the river.
In northern Tiengen there has been since 1930 a large transformer station for 380, 220 and 110 kV run by
RWEAG. This is where the western branch of the North-South Transmission Line – the world's oldest – coming from Herbertingen ends.
The town lies on the Hochrheinbahn, a
railwayrunning between Baseland Schaffhausen(both in Switzerland), and its station serves as an important railway hub.
The railway line across the border to Koblenz, opened in 1859, is the oldest line across the Rhine between Germany and Switzerland. The Wutachtalbahn, another railway, has its southern terminus in Waldshut-Tiengen. Local public transport is provided by several
buslines. The town belongs to the Waldshut Tariff Association.
By road, Waldshut-Tiengen can be reached from either the east or the west on "Bundesstraße" (Federal Highway) B 34, and from the north on "Bundesstraße" B 500. A connection with the Swiss road system is afforded by the Rhine bridge to Koblenz.
Simply for local passenger transport, there is a
ferryconnection across the river to the Swiss community of Full.
Authorities and courts
Waldshut-Tiengen is the seat of the Waldshut district's State Council Office. The town has a local
courtand a state court as well as a notary's office and a financial office. Furthermore, the town is also the seat of the Regional Assembly of Hochrhein-Bodensee, and also seat of the Evangelical State Church in Baden region of Hochrhein and of the Waldshut deaconry within the Hochrhein Region of the Archbishopric of Freiburg.
The local happenings in Waldshut-Tiengen are reported by the daily
newspaper"Südkurier", based in Konstanz, and the "Alb-Bote", which is likewise part of the "Südkurier" group. The " Südwestrundfunk" broadcasting service has a regional office in Waldshut-Tiengen.
In Waldshut-Tiengen there are two general-education "Gymnasien" (Hochrhein-Gymnasium Waldshut and Klettgau-Gymnasium Tiengen), two "
Realschulen" (Robert-Schuman-Realschule Waldshut and Realschule Tiengen), a special school(Waldtor-Schule), another special school with a speech therapy school (Langenstein-Schule), a primary school(Johann-Peter-Hebel-Grundschule Tiengen) and four combined primary school-" Hauptschulen" (Grund- und Hauptschule Gurtweil, Hans-Thoma-Schule Tiengen, Heinrich-Hansjakob-Grund- und Hauptschule and Theodor-Heuss-Schule). The Waldshut district is home to the Waldshut Vocational School (Gewerbeschule Waldshut, mainly a technical "Gymnasium"), the Justus-von-Liebig-Schule (mainly a biotechnological and nutritional-science "Gymnasium"), the Sales School (Kaufmännische Schule, a commercial high school), the Carl-Heinrich-Rösch-Schule for the mentally handicapped (with kindergarten) and the Wutachschule for the physically handicapped (with kindergarten).
The private Hochrhein Educational and Advisory Centre (Hochrhein- Bildungs- und Beratungszentrum, or HBBZ), the private Vocational School for Makeup Artists and Makeup Special Effects (Berufsfachschule für Maskenbildner und Make Up Spezialeffekte), the Hochrhein Christian School (primary), the Technical School for Agriculture (Fachschule für Landwirtschaft) and the School for Child guidance at the Küssaberg Home (Schule für Erziehungshilfe am Heim Küssaberg) fill out the scholastic offerings in Waldshut-Tiengen.
The Justus-von-Liebig-Schule, opened on May 22, 2003, was one of Germany's first schools built to the "
Passivhaus" low-energy buildingstandard. [ [http://www.energiesparschule.de/de/schule/ Justus-von-Liebig-Schule (in German)] , accessed 2007-05-26] [ [http://www.baukatalog.de/db/news/meldungen_artikel.php?news_id=76887 Erste Schule im Passivhaus-Standard in Waldshut eröffnet] , published 2003-06-06, accessed 2007-05-26]
Culture and sightseeing
The Upper Gate (Oberes Tor), also called the "Schaffhauser Tor", is the town's landmark. It is the east town gate and was built on foundations laid down in the 13th century. Until 1864, it served as the town gaol.
Kaiserstraße (a pedestrian precinct) is Waldshut's main street. In its middle flows the town brook. Moreover, there are three fountains here with statuary.
Special buildings in Waldshut are the "Schultheißschen Haus", the "Greiffenegg-Schlössle", the "Waldvogtei" (forest reeve's house), the Lower Gate (Unteres Tor) or "Basler Tor" (west town gate), the "Roll'sche Haus" and the town hall. The "Gottesackerkapelle" ("God's Acre Chapel") was built in 1683. The "Hexenturm" ("Witches' Tower") is a round tower of the inner town fortifications, which for a time served as a prison for apostates.
The Catholic town parish Church of Our Lady was built in 1804 in classicist style. The 13th-century Gothic choir was incorporated into it. Next to the church is the 1749 parsonage. The Evangelical Church of Reconciliation ("Versöhnungskirche") was only built in 1977.
The town's landmark is the "Storchenturm", a corner post of the old town fortifications, built about 1300. It once served as a prison, the "Diebsturm" ("Thief's Tower"). The cap put on top in 1899 once hosted a stork's nest, hence the tower's name.
The old stately home ("Schloss") is a former dwelling tower of the old Tiengen
Castle. The new stately home was a residential palace of the Landgraves of Sulz. The little stately home (kleines Schloss) was rebuilt after the Thirty Years' War.
The town hall was built in the 16th century. The Holy Cross Chapel (Heilig-Kreuz-Kapelle) was mentioned in 1509 as a pilgrimage chapel, but its present form was only built in 1631. The former town reeve's house, built in 1568, is a late Gothic patrician house.
The Cemetery Chapel (Friedhofskapelle) was built in 1691. Furthermore, parts of the old town wall are still maintained. The Catholic town parish Church of St. Mary Ascension (St. Maria Himmelfahrt) was built by Peter Thumb between 1753 and 1755 in the
Baroquestyle. The tower foundation is, however, is Gothic. The Evangelical Church was built in 1905 in neo-Gothic style.
In the amalgamated communities, the following churches can be found:
* Aichen Catholic Church (built 1973)
* Allmut Chapel (built 1886)
* St. Georg Breitenfeld (built 1861)
* St. Oswald Detzeln (16th century)
* St. Pancras's Chapel Eschbach (about 1500)
* St. Konrad Gurtweil (originally built 1612, but rebuilt 1740-1747)
* St. Josephskapelle Indlekofen (built 1877)
* Krenkingen Church (built 1766)
* John the Baptist Chapel (built about 1730)
* Church of St. Mary Ascension (built 1758)
* Michaelskapelle Gaiß (built 1830)
* Josephskapelle Schmitzingen (built 1953)
* June "Hello Neighbour" ("Hallo Nachbar") town festival in Waldshut; street festival Saturday and Sunday on Kaiserstraße with much conversation, music and dance.
* July "Schwyzertag" in Tiengen with pageant.
* August "Waldshuter Chilbi" with pageant.
* September/Oktober Erntefest Tiengen (harvest festival).
*1964: Hermann Dietsche, "Bürgermeister", retired
Sons and daughters of the town
1939, 8 September: Peter Straub, Landtag president of Baden-Württemberg and President of the European Union Committee of the Regions.
*1944: Berthold Riese, German
ethnologistand Pre-Columbian archaeologist.
1981, 21 Mayin Krenkingen: Maximilian Mutzke, German singer and drummer. Reached eighth place in the Eurovision Song Contestin 2004.
Balthasar Hubmaier(1485 - 1528) an important Baptist, was first a Catholic priest in Waldshut and later founded the Waldshut Baptist community. He was burnt in Viennaas a heretic.
* Badisches Städtebuch; Band IV 2. Teilband aus "Deutsches Städtebuch. Handbuch städtischer Geschichte - Im Auftrage der Arbeitsgemeinschaft der historischen Kommissionen und mit Unterstützung des Deutschen Städtetages, des Deutschen Städtebundes und des Deutschen Gemeindetages, hrsg. von Erich Keyser, Stuttgart, 1959
Waldshut-Tiengen is twinned with:
Lewes, England, since 1974
Blois, France, since June 30, 1963
* [http://www.waldshut-tiengen.de/ Internetpräsenz The Town of Waldshut-Tiengen]
* [http://www.badische-seiten.de/waldshut-tiengen Waldshut-Tiengen: pictures & history]
* [http://susi.e-technik.uni-ulm.de:8080/Meyers2/seite/werk/meyers/band/16/seite/0351/meyers_b16_s0351.html#Waldshut Waldshut] , in: "
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Waldshut-Tiengen — Waldshut Tiengen … Wikipédia en Français
Waldshut-Tiengen — Wappen Deutschlandkarte … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Aichen (Waldshut-Tiengen) — Aichen Kreisstadt Waldshut Tiengen Koordinaten … Deutsch Wikipedia