The village name is Anglo Saxon in origin, and means Cicca's clearing. In the Domesday Book of 1086, the village was recorded as Cicelai.
The manor of Chicheley (which some suggest may have once been called Thickthorn) anciently belonged to the Pagnell family of Newport Pagnell, but was given by them to the church. Through this connection the village also at one time belonged to Cardinal Wolsey, though only until his forced resignation by King Henry VIII who took all his possessions from him at that time.
During the English Civil War, the manor, belonging to the Chester family, received some considerable damage, associated as it was with the garrison at Newport Pagnell. Following the civil war, the manor was demolished, and the present Chicheley Hall built on the site. All that remains of the old manor today is one Jacobean over-mantel with termini caryatids, and some panelling in the 'new' Chicheley Hall.
The parish church is dedicated to St Lawrence and has a perpendicular style central tower with large windows. The chancel, which contains a fine plaster depicting floral wreaths in relief, and a stone reredos, was rebuilt circa 1708; however, the church dates from the 14th century. In the nave are raised box pews, giving a theatrical air. The church contains monuments to Anthony Cave. Cave's sarcophagus is a cadaver tomb. Other monuments dating from 1635 are to the Chester family of Chicheley Hall.
Civil parishes in Milton Keynes
Astwood • Bletchley and Fenny Stratford • Bow Brickhill • Bradwell • Bradwell Abbey • Broughton • Calverton • Campbell Park • Castlethorpe • Central Milton Keynes • Chicheley • Clifton Reynes • Cold Brayfield • Emberton • Gayhurst • Great Linford • Hanslope • Hardmead • Haversham-cum-Little Linford • Kents Hill, Monkston and Brinklow • Lathbury • Lavendon • Little Brickhill • Loughton • Milton Keynes • Moulsoe • New Bradwell • Newport Pagnell • Newton Blossomville • North Crawley • Olney • Ravenstone • Shenley Brook End • Shenley Church End • Sherington • Simpson • Stantonbury • Stoke Goldington • Stony Stratford • Tyringham and Filgrave • Walton • Warrington • Wavendon • West Bletchley • Weston Underwood • Woburn Sands • Wolverton and Greenleys • Woughton
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