Vivisection


Vivisection

Vivisection is surgery conducted upon a living organism, typically animals with a central nervous system. A broader interpretation includes non-behavioural experimental research involving living animals. [ [http://www.britannica.com/ebc/article-9382118?query=Vivisection&ct= "Vivisection"] , "Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2007. Also see Croce, Pietro. "Vivisection or Science? An Investigation into Testing Drugs and Safeguarding Health". Zed Books, 1999, and [http://www.buav.org/pdf/VivisectionFAQs.pdf "FAQs: Vivisection"] , British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection.] In this interpretation, the term is preferred by those opposed to research using animals, as there it implies otherwise avoidable suffering. In the scientific community, vivisection for living tissue study has been superseded by modern techniques, and the term "animal experimentation" is applied to all research involving animal studies, regardless of mortality. Non-arbitrary research requiring vivisection techniques that cannot be met through other means are subject to an external ethics review in conception and implementation. Although vivisection is restricted to cancer and other malignant disease research, the distinction between humanitarian and commercial goals remains a contentious issue. [Paixao, RL; Schramm, FR. Ethics and animal experimentation: what is debated? "Cad. Saúde Pública", Rio de Janeiro, 2007] [Yarri, Donna. "The Ethics of Animal Experimentation", Oxford University Press U.S., 2005]
*For animal experiments, see Animal testing.
*For the history of animal experiments, see History of animal testing.
*For experiments on human beings, see Human subject research.
*For the antivivisection movement, see Animal rights.

Notes


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  • vivisection — [ vivisɛksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1765; de vivi et section, d apr. dissection ♦ Opération pratiquée à titre d expérience sur des animaux vivants. ⇒ dissection. Pasteur « éprouvait une véritable répugnance pour la vivisection » (Mondor). Adversaires… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vivisection — Viv i*sec tion, n. [L. vivus alive + E. section: cf. F. vivisection. See {Vivid}, and {Section}.] The dissection of an animal while alive, for the purpose of making physiological investigations. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vivisection — • Defined literally the word vivisection signifies the dissection of living creatures Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Vivisection — (v. lat.), Eröffnung eines lebenden Körpers zum Behuf anatomisch physiologischer Untersuchungen, wurde schon von Erasistratos u. Herophilos (s.d.), von Letzterem an zum Tode verdammten Verbrechern vorgenommen; dies, bereits von Celsus lebhaft… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vivisection — lat. deutsch, die Section lebendiger Thiere (zu wissenschaftlichen Zwecken) …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • vivisection — dissection of a living animal, 1707, from L. vivus alive (see VIVID (Cf. vivid)) + ending from DISSECTION (Cf. dissection)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • vivisection — ► NOUN ▪ the practice of performing operations on live animals for scientific research (used by those opposed to such work). DERIVATIVES vivisectionist noun & adjective vivisector noun. ORIGIN from Latin vivus living , on the pattern of… …   English terms dictionary

  • vivisection — [viv΄ə sek′shən] n. [< L vivus, alive (see BIO ) + SECTION] medical research consisting of surgical operations or other experiments performed on living animals to study the structure and function of living organs and parts, and to investigate… …   English World dictionary

  • Vivisection — La vivisection est une dissection opérée sur un animal vertébré[1] vivant, à titre d expérience scientifique, en particulier dans le but d établir ou de démontrer certains faits en physiologie ou en pathologie. D une manière générale, elle… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • vivisection — [[t]vɪ̱vɪse̱kʃ(ə)n[/t]] N UNCOUNT Vivisection is the practice of using live animals for scientific experiments. ...a fierce opponent of vivisection …   English dictionary


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