- Svetlogorsk, Kaliningrad Oblast
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Svetlogorsk, prior to 1945 known by its German name Rauschen (Audio-ru|Светлого́рск|RU-Svetlogorsk.ogg; Audio-de|Rauschen|Rauschen.ogg; _pl. Ruszowice; _lt. Raušiai) is a town on the coast of the
Baltic Seain Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast. It is situated on the Sambian Peninsula and is a popular coastal resort. Population: 10,950 (2002 Census).
Svetlogorsk is situated in the historical region
Sambiaof East Prussia. A Sambian fishermen settlement named Ruse-moter (translated as 'region of cellars') at the place of Svetlogorsk was first mentioned in 1258. The Teutonic Orderthat conquered the land gradually corrupted the name into Rause-moter, Raushe-moter, and finally Rauschen.
In the early 19th century, the place became fashionable among German vacationers. On
June 24, 1820it was officially recognized as a spa town. During his visit to Rauschen in 1840, King Frederick William IV of Prussiaordered the sea embankment to be prettified. The arrival of the Königsberg railwayin 1900 boosted the resort's popularity. A cable railway and a racecourse were constructed in Rauschen before World War I. Carl Otto Nicolaiand Thomas Mannwere among the celebrities who stayed there.
In 1945 Rauschen was conquered by the
Soviet Unionafter World War II. It became part of the Kaliningrad Oblast and in 1946 the town was renamed to Svetlogorsk. Today it is a moderately popular summer resort town thanks to its beachfront and many spas, clubs and attractions.
Svetlogorsk is connected with
Kaliningrad, Zelenogradsk, and Pionersky by electrified railway (3000 V DC). Svetlogorsk has two railway stations: Svetlogorsk-1 and Svetlogorsk-2 (terminus).
There are many private companies that operate buses between Svetlogorsk and Kaliningrad.
* [http://www.bifc.balticfair.com/eng/map_svetlogorsk.htm History of Svetlogorsk]
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