Griffon is a type of dog, a collection of breeds of originally hunting dogs. There are three recognized lines of the griffon type (FCI), the griffon vendéens, the wirehaired pointers, and the "smousje" (Belgian companion dogs). The griffon type is characterized by rough or wire hair.

The griffon is mentioned as early as Xenophon. [ [ "Wire-Haired Pointing Griffon Korthals" FCI-Standard N° 107, 3 March 2000] ;] The hounds, Canis Segusius, used by the Gauls were griffons. [ [ "Griffon Nivernais" FCI-Standard N° 17, 2 April 2004] ;] Among the oldest breeds is the Italian Wire-haired Pointing Dog or Spinone Italiano (FCI #165) and the breeds bred by Eduard Karel Korthals originating in the Low Countries (Belgium , Netherlands, northern France) which have a short, bearded muzzle. The "smousje", a small dog mentioned since the Middle Ages in the Low Countries known for its firm, even temperament and rough coat, was the initial breeding stock for the Griffon Bruxellois. [ [ "Griffon Bruxellois, Griffon Belge, Petit Brabançon" FCI-Standards N° 80, 81 & 82, 5 May 2003] ;] [ [ van Lennep, John H. (1862) "Smousje" in Thomas, William John, "et al." (eds.) (1862) "Notes and Queries" Bell & Daldy, 3rd Series, v. 1, p. 239] ;]

Griffon breeds

* Scenthounds (FCI Group 6, Section 1)
**- large size - long hair
***Grand Griffon Vendéens (FCI #282)
**- medium size - coarse hair
***Briquet Griffon Vendéens (FCI #19)
*** Griffon Bleu de Gascogne or Blue Gascony Griffon (FCI #32)
*** Griffon Fauve de Bretagne or Fawn Brittany Griffon (FCI #66)
***Griffon Nivernais (FCI #17)
**- small size
***Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen (FCI #33)
***Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen (FCI #67)
****Basset Fauve de Bretagne (FCI #36)

* Pointers (FCI Group 7, Section 1)
**Spinone Italiano or Italian Griffon (FCI #165)
***White-orange Italian Griffon
***Chestnut-roan Italian Griffon
**Wirehaired Pointing Griffon or Korthals Griffon or French Wirehaired Pointing Griffon (FCI #107)
**Český Fousek or Bohemian Wirehaired Pointing Griffon (FCI #245)
**Slovakian Rough Haired Pointer or Slovakian Wiredhaired Pointer, Slovenský Ohař Hrubosrstý, or Slovenský Hrubosrsty Stavac (Ohar), (FCI #320)
**German Wirehaired Pointer or Deutsch Drahthaar (FCI #98)
**Drótszőrű Magyar Vizsla or Hungarian Wirehaired Pointer (Vizsla) (FCI #239)

* Small Belgian Companion Dogs, "Smousje" (FCI Group 9, Section 3)
**Griffon Bruxellois or Brussels Griffon (FCI #80)
**Belgian Griffon or Griffon Belge (FCI #81)
**Brabancon Griffon or Petit Brabançon (FCI #82) - has a short smooth coat


External links

* [ Fédération Cynologique Internationale] World Canine Federation;

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • griffon — [ grifɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1080; a. fr. grif; du lat. gryp(h)us, gr. grups 1 ♦ Animal fabuleux, monstre à corps de lion, à tête et à ailes d aigle (⇒aussi hippogriffe). 2 ♦ (1672) Oiseau de proie de grande taille. ♢ Martinet noir …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Griffon — bezeichnet mehrere Hunderassen Griffon à Poil Dur, Französischer rauhaariger Vorstehhund, mittelgroße Jagdhunderasse, siehe Griffon d’arrêt à poil dur – Korthals Griffon Fauve de Bretagne, mittelgroße braunrote Jagdhunderasse Griffon bleu de… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • griffon — 1. (gri fon) s. m. 1°   Oiseau de proie semblable à l aigle. •   Ne mangez point de ceux qui sont impurs, qui sont l aigle, le griffon, l aigle de mer, l ixion, le vautour et le milan, SACI Bible, Deutéron. XIV, 12, 13. 2°   Animal fabuleux,… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Griffon — Тип Файловый менеджер Разработчик Юрий Бакунин Операционная система 0.1.6 7 alpha Symbian 6.x 8.x (S60 1st/2nd edition) 0.01 alpha Symbian 9.x (S60 3rd edition) Языки интерфейса …   Википедия

  • Griffon — Grif fon (gr[i^]f f[o^]n), n. [F.] One of a European breed of rough coated dogs, somewhat taller than the setter and of a grizzly liver color. They are used in hunting game birds. The Brussels griffon is a very small, wiry coated, short nosed pet …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Griffon — Le nom est surtout porté dans le Finistère et dans l Ouest, mais on le rencontre aussi en Franche Comté, où l on trouve la variante Griffond. Faut il penser au griffon, animal fabuleux moitié lion moitié aigle ? M.T. Morlet penche plutôt pour un… …   Noms de famille

  • griffon — [grif′ən] n. [Fr, lit., a griffin] 1. GRIFFIN 2. any of a breed of medium sized hunting dog, developed by a Dutch breeder in the 19th cent., with a square muzzle and a harsh, bristly coat: in full wirehaired pointing griffon …   English World dictionary

  • Griffon — Griffon, Jagdhund, s. Hund …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • griffon — see GRIFFIN (Cf. griffin) …   Etymology dictionary

  • griffon — Griffon, m. acut. Gryps, gryphis, vel Gryphus, phi. Oyseau de grande et excessive corpulence sur quatre pieds, rapportant au Lyon de toutes parts, horsmis qu il a la chere et les ailes semblables à l aigle, grand persecuteur des chevaux. Pline au …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

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