Nyulnyulan languages

Nyulnyulan languages
northern Australia
Linguistic classification: a primary family of Australian languages.
Australian languages.png
  Nyulnyulan (at very left of inset)

The Nyulnyulan languages are a small family of closely related Australian Aboriginal languages spoken in northern Australia.

The languages form two branches established on the basis of lexical and morphological innovation.[1]

  • Western or Nyulnyulic:
Nyulnyul, Bardi–Djawi, Dyaberdyaber, Nimanburru
  • Eastern or Dyukun:
Jukun, Yawuru, Warrwa, Nyigina

R. M. W. Dixon accepts the validity of the family but incorrectly gives the subgroups as languages; he thus assigns only two languages to the family despite mutual unintelligibility within the Eastern and Western groups.[2]


  1. ^ Bowern 2004: Bardi Verb Morphology in Historical Perspective PhD, Harvard University
  2. ^ Dixon, R. M. W. (2002). Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development. Cambridge University Press. http://www.cambridge.org/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521473780. 
  • Bowern, Claire. 2004: Bardi Verb Morphology in Historical Perspective PhD, Harvard University
  • Stokes, B; McGregor, W. B. (2003). "Classification and subclassification of the Nyulnyulan languages". In N. Evans. The Non-Pama–Nyungan Languages of Northern Australia: Comparative Studies of the Continent’s Most Linguistically Complex Region. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 29–74. 

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