Contract of carriage
Admiralty law History Ordinamenta et consuetudo maris
Features Freight rate · General average
Marine insurance · Marine salvage
Maritime lien · Ship mortgage
Ship registration · Ship transport
Contracts of affreightment Bill of lading · Charter-party Types of charter-party Bareboat charter · Demise charter
Time charter · Voyage charter
Parties Carrier · Charterer · Consignee
Consignor · Shipbroker · Ship-manager
Ship-owner · Shipper · Stevedore
Judiciary Admiralty court
Vice admiralty court
International conventions Hague-Visby Rules
Maritime Labour Convention
International organisations International Maritime Organization
London Maritime Arbitrators Association
A contract of carriage is a contract between a carrier of goods or passengers and the consignor, consignee or passenger. Contracts of carriage typically define the rights, duties and liabilities of parties to the contract, addressing topics such as acts of God and including clauses such as force majeure. Among common carriers, they are usually evidenced by standard terms and conditions printed on the reverse of a ticket or carriage document.
In July 2010, it became widely public that Southwest Airlines had classified mechanical difficulties as an act of God in their contract of carriage, expanding the definition formerly shared with Delta, American, Continental and United.. This was later clarified by the airline as mechanical difficulties beyond the airline's control, as for instance the failure of the air traffic control system, or fuel delivery systems operated by airports.
Cross-border European railway tickets are covered by the CIV conditions of sale.
- ^ "Southwest: Breakdown is now an act of God". Arizona Daily Star. July 24, 2010. http://azstarnet.com/news/local/article_5bc41260-e1ee-57fb-8f68-fe716e9f5bad.html. Retrieved 2010-07-27.
- Airline contracts
- Contract of Carriage, Hawaiian Airlines. Viewed 3 April 2006.
- Contract of Carriage, Alaska Airlines. Viewed 11 April 2008.
- Terms and conditions, FedEx. Viewed 3 April 2006.
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Look at other dictionaries:
contract of carriage — The undertaking of a common carrier to transport goods to a particular destination, including the obligation of a safe delivery of them, within a reasonable time, to the consignee. Alabama Great Southern Railroad Co. v Con turie, 145 Ala 436, 40… … Ballentine's law dictionary
Carriage Paid To — (CPT) is an Incoterm. It can be used for all modes of transport including multimodal transport. The seller pays for the freight to the named point of destination. The buyer pays for the insurance. The passing of risk occurs when the goods have… … Wikipedia
carriage by rail — a contract to carry goods or passengers on the permanent way, or railway. Essentially the same law applies as in carriage by road. After the Transport Act 1962, British Rail ceased to be a common carrier of goods, and carriage was by contract.… … Law dictionary
contract — con·tract 1 / kän ˌtrakt/ n [Latin contractus from contrahere to draw together, enter into (a relationship or agreement), from com with, together + trahere to draw] 1: an agreement between two or more parties that creates in each party a duty to… … Law dictionary
carriage of goods — ▪ law Introduction in law, the transportation of goods by land, sea, or air. The relevant law governs the rights, responsibilities, liabilities, and immunities of the carrier and of the persons employing the services of the carrier.… … Universalium
carriage by road — a contract to carry goods or passengers by road. common carriers of passengers must carry any passenger who offers and is willing to pay the fare (and is not otherwise objectionable), provided that the vehicle is not overloaded; private carriers… … Law dictionary
carriage by air — a contract to carry goods or passengers by air. Carriage of goods by air is effected under a contract between the consignor and the carrier, with the rights and liabilities of the parties being governed by contract law. In the case of… … Law dictionary
carriage by sea — a contract to carry goods or passengers by sea. Carriage of passengers or goods by sea depends on the individual contracts involved; such contract may exclude or limit liability for damage to goods, or death or injury to passengers. However,… … Law dictionary
Carriage of Goods by Road Act 1965 — The Carriage of Goods by Road Act 1965 is an Act of Parliament made by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in order to implement the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road of 1956 into British law. The act is… … Wikipedia
Rome Convention (contract) — In Conflict of Laws, the Rome Convention is the Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual Obligations and it opened for signature in Rome, Italy on 19th June 1980. The intention is to create at least a harmonised if not a unified body of… … Wikipedia