Athaliah or Athalie (Hebrew: "Unicode|ʻĂṯalyâ" (עֲתַלְיָה), "God is exalted") was the queen of Judah during the reign of King Jehoram, and later became sole ruler of Judah for five years.
William F. Albrighthas dated her reign to 842 BC – 837 BC, while E. R. Thieleoffers the dates 841 BC – 835 BC. Athaliah was the daughter of King Ahaband Queen Jezebel of Israel; her marriage to Jehoram sealed a treatybetween Israel and Judah.
Jehoram, a descendant of King
David, actively promoted the worship of Yahwehin his country, but he tolerated Athaliah's worship of Baal. After Jehoram's death, their son Ahaziah became Judah's king with Athaliah acting as queen mother. She used her power in that role to establish the worship of Baal in Judah after Ahaziah was killed in a state visit to Israel along with the then-king of Israel, also named Jehoram, who was Athaliah's brother. Jehuassassinated them both in Yahweh's name and had Athaliah's entire extended family in Israel murdered.
Athaliah, as queen of Judah, tried to have all possible successors to David executed; one, however,a grandson of hers named Jehoash was rescued from the purge by Jehosheba, Ahaziah's sister, and was raised in secret by the priest
Jehoiada. Six years later, Athaliah was surprised when Jehoiada revealed Jehoash and proclaimed him king of Judah. She rushed to stop this rebellion, but was captured and executed.
Though the Bible presents her as a negative character, not to be emulated, "Athaliah" is attested, though infrequently, as a female first name in contemporary
Jean Racinewrote a 1691 play about this Biblical queen, entitled "Athalie."
The musician and composer
Handelcomposed a 1733 oratorio based on her life, called "Athalia," calling her a "Baalite Queen of Judah Daughter of Jezebel." Baalwas the fertility god of the Canaanites, whom the ancient Israelites often fell into worshipping in the Old Testament.
* II Paralipomenon 22:1-23:15
* Josheph, "Antiquitates iudaicae" viii-ix
Hebrew Bible- her story of her actions are told in 2 Kings 8:16 – 11:16
* Virginia Brown's translation of Giovanni Boccaccio’s "Famous Women", pp. 102-106; Harvard University Press 2001; ISBN 0-674-01130-9
* "Athalia," by Handel; "The New Oxford Annotated Bible, third edition" (2001), page 582.
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ATHALIAH — (Heb. עֲתַלְיָה, עֲתַלְיָהוּ; perhaps: Yahweh is lord ; cf. Akkadian etellu, lord ), sole reigning queen of Judah (842–836 B.C.E.), daughter of ahab and jezebel (or perhaps a daughter of Omri) of Israel. Athaliah s marriage to … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Athaliah — /ath euh luy euh/, n. a daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and usurper of the throne of Judah, reigned 842 837 B.C. II Kings 11:1 3. Also, Douay Bible, Athalia. * * * ▪ queen of Judah also spelled Athalia, in the Old Testament, the daughter of … Universalium
Athaliah — Athalia Pour l’article homonyme, voir Athalia (homonymie). Athalia ou Athalie fut une reine de Juda sous le règne du roi Joram. Elle est devenue la dirigeante du royaume pendant cinq ans après l assassinat de son mari et mourra elle… … Wikipédia en Français
Athaliah — Whom God afflicts. 1) The daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, and the wife of Jehoram, king of Judah (2 Kings 8:18), who walked in the ways of the house of Ahab (2 Chr. 21:6), called daughter of Omri (2 Kings 8:26). On the death of her husband… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Athaliah — (fl. 9th cent BCE) Queen of Judah (842 836 BCE). When her son Ahaziah was murdered by Jehu she seized power and murdered all her rivals except Joash. Six years later she was killed when Joash was crowned king in the Temple (II Kings 11:4 16;… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Athaliah — The only queen to rule Judah (843–837 BCE); she organized a purge of male rivals except one, Joash, who murdered her and succeeded to the throne (2 Kgs. 11:16) … Dictionary of the Bible
Athaliah — /ath euh luy euh/, n. a daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and usurper of the throne of Judah, reigned 842 837 B.C. II Kings 11:1 3. Also, Douay Bible, Athalia … Useful english dictionary
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2 Kings 11 — 1 And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal. 2 But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king s… … The King James version of the Bible