- Rhino Heavy Armoured Car
name=Rhino Heavy Armoured Car
caption=The prototype Rhino with early heavier hull
crew=4 (Commander, Driver, Gunner, and Loader/Operator)
primary_armament=QF 2 pdr (40 mm) Mk II
secondary_armament=One 0.303 (7.7 mm) Vickers MMG
engine=GMC 6 cylinder inline
Car, Armoured, Heavy (Aust), also known as Rhino, was an armoured car designed in
Australiaduring the Second World War. Due to enemy action and design problems the project never got beyond a prototype stage.
History and description
At the outbreak of the World War II the United Kingdom was unable to meet the needs of the Commonwealth for
armored fighting vehicles. It led many Commonwealth countries to develop their own AFVs.
In mid to late
1941a specification for a heavy armoured car was issued to the Australian Directorate of Armoured Fighting Vehicles Production. Two prototype hulls and turrets were built and tested on the same chassis 1942. The vehicle suffered from excessive weight and in 1943the project was cancelled.
The vehicle utilised a CMP chassis and engine produced by General Motors Canada, the rear-engined model 8446, the same chassis as used for the Canadian "Fox" armoured car. To this a welded armoured body fabricated from Australian Bullet-proof Plate (ABP-3) of 30 mm thickness to the front and 11 mm to the sides and rear was fitted. The vehicle was completed by a welded turret with 30 mm all-round protection similar in design to that of the
Crusader tank. The armament consisted of a QF 2 pounder Mk IX gun and a coaxial .303 inch Vickers machine gun.
A pilot model of an
armoured personnel carrierwith an open-topped hull and without a turret was also built.
* "Michael K. Cecil - Australian Military Equipment Profiles vol. 3, Australian Scout and Armoured Cars 1933 to 1945", 1993 Australian Military Equipment Profiles, ISBN 0-646-14611-4.
* [http://users.bigpond.net.au/blitz_trucks/AUSTCARS.html Australian CMP Based Armoured Vehicles]
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