Liu Ji

Liu Ji (zh-tswp|t=劉基|s=刘基|p=Liú Jī|w=Liu Chi, July 1 131116 May 1375)Jiang, Yonglin. Jiang Yonglin. [2005] (2005). The Great Ming Code: 大明律. University of Washington Press. ISBN 029598449X, 9780295984490. Page xxxv. The source is used to cover the year only.] , courtesy name Bowen (伯温), posthumous name Wencheng (文成), was a Chinese military strategist, officer, statesman and poet of the late Yuan and early Ming dynasty. He lived in Nantian Town, Wencheng County, Wenzhou, but came from Qiantian County. He was the main advisor to the Yuan Dynasty era rebel Zhu Yuanzhang (1328-1398), who later became the first Ming Emperor (r. 1368-1398).Windridge, Charles. [1999] (2003) Tong Sing The Chinese Book of Wisdom. Kyle Cathie Limited. ISBN 0-7607-4535-8. pg 124-125.] Liu Ji is also known for his prophecies, as he has been described as the "Chinese Nostradamus". With his contemporary general and scholar Jiao Yu, he was one of the co-editors of the military treatise known as the "Huolongjing", as well as co-edited Zhuge Liang's "Mastering the Art of War" book. He eventually became the grand chancellor at the imperial court.

Career

cholar

Liu Ji served Zhu Yuanzhang in his rebellion against the Mongol-led regime of the Yuan Dynasty in China, which had ruled since the conquest of the Southern Song Dynasty in 1279. Liu Ji dabbled in many fields of statecraft, philosophy, scholarly works, and technology. His philosophical outlook was that of a skeptical naturalist, and he became interested in astronomy, calendrical science, magnetism, and geomancy. He was known to be a friendly associate to the mathematician and alchemist Zhao Yuqin, and collaborated with his contemporary general and scholar Jiao Yu to edit and compile the military-technology treatise of the "Huolongjing", which outlined the use of various gunpowder weapons. He was very interested in the latter, and once said that "thunder is like fire shot from a cannon".Needham, Volume 5, Part 7, 25.]

Liu Ji served not only in the administration of Zhu Yuanzhang, but also in many battles as a commanding officer on land and upon the water leading the flagship of the early Ming naval forces. Liu Ji was placed in charge by Zhu Yuanzhang of the campaign to conquer all of Zhejiang from 1340 to 1350, in their rebellion against the Yuan Dynasty.Needham, Volume 5, Part 7, 232.] He was also responsible for the military ventures against opposing Chinese rebel groups, as well as coastal Japanese pirates. His forces owed much of their success to the use of the medieval Chinese firearm known as the fire lance. Other books he wrote also included the (百戰奇略) and (時務十八策).Xinhuanet.com. " [http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/st/2005-05/25/content_3000293.htm Xinhuanet.com] ." "劉伯溫是被神化了嗎?. Page 1." Retrieved on 2008-09-19.] Though overall emperor Zhu did not rely on Liu on military affairs, as he had other generals available such as Xu Da, Deng Yu (1337-77) and Chang Yuchun to expand his territory. Liu was mostly consulted on for intellectual issues.

Politician

Liu was a Yuan official for 25 years. In 1340 he first became a chancellor. He quit multiple times in 1349 and 1352.Xinhuanet.com. " [http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/st/2005-05/25/content_3000293_1.htm Xinhuanet.com] ." "劉伯溫是被神化了嗎?. Page 2." Retrieved on 2008-09-19.] In 1358 he was also demoted. He then became a Ming official for 10 years. By the age of 60 he no longer saw any more advancement or promotion.

Prophet

Liu Ji's most famous prophecy to the Zhu Yuanzhang emperor was written down in a lyrical form called The Shaobing song (燒餅歌).Ji, Liu. [2004] (2004) 燒餅歌與推背圖. Bai Shan Shu Fang Publishing Company. ISBN 9867769007] [HK geocities. " [http://hk.geocities.com/tkp981401/lau_bakedcake_song.htm HK geocities] ." "燒餅歌." Retrieved on 2008-09-19.] The poem is written in cryptic form and is difficult to understand. It is generally known to have predicted the future of China including the 1449 Mongol invasion, the 1911 founding of Republic of China and many more.

Death

The death surrounding Liu Ji is quite uncertain. Some say he was executed by emperor Zhu Yuanzhang himself, not because Liu failed his duty but because the emperor was envious and even fearful of his knowledge and influence. Some sources have pointed out that the emperor did kill a number of people, but Liu may or may not have been part of that group.Xinhuanet.com. " [http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/st/2005-05/25/content_3000293_2.htm Xinhuanet.com] ." "劉伯溫是被神化了嗎?. Page 3." Retrieved on 2008-09-19.]

Biographical works

Liu Ji's biography is found in the 128th chapter of the Chinese "Ming Shi" historical text, while the author Chong Tai also wrote a biography on him.

Popular culture

A 400+ episode TV series about Liu Ji was released in Taiwan's TTV titled "Shen ji miao suan liu bowen" (神機妙算劉伯溫). [TTV. " [http://www.ttv.com.tw/drama/2006/Liu_BoWen/default.htm Taiwan Television] ." "神機妙算劉伯溫." Retrieved on 2008-09-20.]

ee also

*Jiao Yu
*List of Chinese people
*List of Chinese writers
*History of firearms
*Chancellor of China
*Nostradamus

Notes

References

*Needham, Joseph (1986). "Science and Civilization in China: Volume 5, Part 7". Taipei: Caves Books, Ltd.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Liu — ist ein chinesischer Familienname. Die Transkription Liu kann mit unterschiedlichen chinesischen Schriftzeichen ausgeführt werden, die Familiennamen 劉; (刘 in Kurzzeichen) (Lau auf kantonesisch), 柳, 留 sowie 六. Auf vietnamesisch kann der Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liú — Liu ist ein chinesischer Familienname. Die Transkription Liu kann mit unterschiedlichen chinesischen Schriftzeichen ausgeführt werden, die Familiennamen 劉; (刘 in Kurzzeichen) (Lau auf kantonesisch), 柳, 留 sowie 六. Auf vietnamesisch kann der Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liu — is a common Chinese family name. The transliteration Liu can represent several different surnames written in different Chinese characters: * / , pinyin: Liú. A very common surname, as it was used by the ruling family of the Han Dynasty a high… …   Wikipedia

  • Liu He — (劉和) (d. 310), courtesy name Xuantai (玄泰), was for seven days an emperor of the Chinese/Xiongnu state Han Zhao in 310.BiographyLiu He was the founding emperor Liu Yuan (Emperor Guangwen) s son, likely oldest son, by his first wife Empress Huyan.… …   Wikipedia

  • Liu Xi — (劉熙) (d. 329), courtesy name Yiguang (義光), was the crown prince and a son of Liu Yao, the final emperor of the Chinese/Xiongnu state Han Zhao, who was thrust into the leadership role after his father was captured by rival Later Zhao s forces, but …   Wikipedia

  • Liu Pi — (? 200) est un commandant des Turbans jaunes et un personnage du roman Histoire des Trois Royaumes. Après que la rébellion des Turbans jaune a été réprimée, il s est sauvé à Runan. En 200, avec Gong Du, un autre ancien Turban jaune, Liu pi a levé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liu Ju — Crown Prince of Han Crown Prince of Han Predecessor Crown Prince Liu Che Successor none (eventually Crown Prince Liu Shi Spouse Consort Shi Issu …   Wikipedia

  • Liu An — Líu Ān (zh c|c=劉安, 179 122 BC) was a Chinese prince and advisor to his nephew Emperor Wu of Han (武帝) of Han Dynasty in China and the legendary inventor of tai chi. With his book, the Huainanzi , he was responsible for further advancement in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Liu Lu — (chinesisch 刘璐; * 19. März 1977) ist eine ehemalige chinesische Badmintonspielerin. Karriere Liu Lu wurde 1994 Juniorenweltmeisterin im Damendoppel mit Yao Jie. Bei der Badminton Weltmeisterschaft 1997 errang sie Bronze im Damendoppel mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liu An — Liu An[1] ( 179 122) était un grand féodal chinois, roi de Huainan[2] sous les Han Occidentaux. Sa capitale se trouvait à Shouchun[3], actuel comté de Shou[4] dans l Anhui. Membre de la famille impér …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.