Treaty of Colerain

Treaty of Colerain

The Treaty of Colerain was signed at St. Marys River in Camden County, Georgia by Benjamin Hawkins, George Clymer, and Andrew Pickens for the United States and representatives of the Creek Nation on June 29, 1796, proclaimed on March 18, 1797, and codified as 7 Stat., 56. This treaty affirms the binding of Treaty of New York. It also established the boundary line between the Creek Nation and the United States. The treaty continues with a provision for the President of United States may establish a trading or military post. Associated with establishment of the boundary line, a provision for establishing a military post included. At the time of this treaty, the boundaries between Spanish America and the United States had not yet been established, so this treaty formally includes the Creek chiefs to attend the negotiation for running the boundary line with Spain. The Treaties of Hopewell and the Treaty of Holston (1791) established boundary lines between the Choctaws, Chickasaws, Cherokee and the United States. The Treaty of Colerain binds the Creek Nation to acknowledge the boundaries established in those three treaties. United States places a request that prisoners to be given up and returned to the United States. The treaty describes when it would take effect. After the treaty had been signed but not yet proclaimed, the United States Senate requested modification of two articles of the treaty. The first modification stipulates the military or trading posts would be under the control of the United States. The second modification stipulates if the United States no longer require the use of the posts, the post would revert back to the Creek people.

ee also

*List of treaties

External links

* [ Text of the 1796 Treaty]

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