Edger


Edger

An edger, also known as a lawn edger or stick edger, is a lawn-care tool used to cleanly separate a lawn from a walkway or other paved surface, such as a concrete sidewalk or asphalt path. Edgers may be manual or automated, typically employing a small two-stroke gasoline motor or an electric motor. Use of an edger defines a clear separation between the lawn and the walkway, imparting a finished appearance that is neater than can be achieved by merely mowing over the border of the lawn and walkway (which frequently permits tufts of low-growing grass to hang over onto the walkway, resulting in an irregular or ragged appearance).

In operation, a manual edger usually includes a broad hemispherical blade attached to an elongated handle, which the operator uses to drive the blade into the turf directly alongside the hard surface. In addition, the blade may have a flat top to allow the operator to step on the blade, driving it deep into the lawn and turf in order to clear a space between the lawn and the hard surface.

In contrast, powered edgers may operate on any of a variety of methods, such as rotating wheel blades or thrashing wheels, which also operate to define a clear separation between a lawn and a hard surface.

A basic gas lawn edger consists of an engine, belt tensioner, pulleys, and a blade. Most lawn edgers incorporate a belt and two pulleys (one on the engine and the other on the blade head) and a belt tensioner used for going deeper into the grass and gaining more RPM. Some gas edgers also have a device called a "robot head," used for adjusting the pitch of an edger head between the horizontal and the vertical. Some edger brands, such as King O' Lawn, have a blade clutch to avoid the user pulling up on the belt tensioner to stop the blade. The drive system on a common edger is a belt drive from the two pulleys. Husqvarna uses a worm gear shaft drive system. One disadvantage to the shaft drive system is lower engine power. Chain drive would be ineffective and cause damage to the blade, sprocket, and engine, if a solid object were hit. One advantage to the belt drive system is that the belt will skip when hitting objects. The blade on an edger is usually made from cast steel.

History

The gas lawn edger was invented by Louis Faas sir. Of King o' Lawn inc in the 1940's. The first gas edgers used a Briggs & Stratton 1.5 horsepower (1.1 kW) engine. Using just basic components, the first edgers were very basic with a very small engine. Brands such as McClane and Cooper Klipper would follow several years later.

Power sources

Most gas edgers use a four-stroke engine with 2 or 3.5 horsepower (1.5 or 3 kW), although some early edgers used a 1.75 horsepower (1.3 kW) engine. Some modern gas edgers use engines ranging from 3.5 to 4 horsepower (2.5 to 3 kW), and some economy edgers use a two-stroke 39 cc engine.

Cordless and corded electric edgers are also available in a range of motor power levels.

Environmental impact

Pollution from gas-powered groundskeeping equipment is a significant source of air pollution. [ [http://www.epa.gov/air/community/details/yardequip.html Lawn Equipment | Improving Air Quality in Your Community | US EPA ] ] US emission standards specifically limit emissions from small engines. Electric models produce no emissions at the point of use, but may shift pollution to power plants. Emissions may still be reduced by the use of renewable energy in grid generation, or because central power plants generally must have stricter emissions control equipment installed.

Edger brands

*Black & Decker
*Cooper Klipper
*Craftsman
*John Deere
*Echo
*Electrolux
*Honda
*Husqvarna
*King O'Lawn
*Lawn Boy
*Little Wonder
*Makita
*Mantis
*Marshall
*McClane
*MTD
*Poulan
*Ryobi
*Sears
*Stihl
*Swisher
*Tanaka
*Troy-Bilt
*Tru-cut
*Yard man (MTD)

References

External links

* [http://www.lawnedger.com/ Manual Lawn Edger]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • edger — edge ► NOUN 1) the outside limit of an object, area, or surface. 2) the line along which two surfaces of a solid meet. 3) the sharpened side of a blade. 4) an intense or striking quality. 5) a quality or factor which gives superiority over close… …   English terms dictionary

  • edger — noun Date: 1591 one that edges; especially a tool used to trim the edge of a lawn along a sidewalk or curb …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • edger — /ej euhr/, n. 1. a person who puts an edge, esp. a finishing edge, on a garment, surface, lens, etc. 2. a machine for finishing or making an edge, as for stitching, beveling, or trimming. 3. a gardening tool with a rotary blade for cutting a neat …   Universalium

  • edger — noun A tool that is used to trim the edges of a lawn …   Wiktionary

  • Edger — This ancient and distinguished surname is of Anglo Saxon origin, and derives from the Olde English pre 7th Century male personal name Eadgar , composed of the elements ead , prosperity, fortune, with gar , spear; the first element was a… …   Surnames reference

  • edger — Смотри Эджер …   Энциклопедический словарь по металлургии

  • Edger — dänische Form von → Edgar (Bedeutungszusammensetzung aus: »Besitz« und »Speer«) …   Deutsch namen

  • edger — n. one who does finishing work, one who puts an edge on something (as in a garment, lens, etc.) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • edger — greed …   Anagrams dictionary

  • edger — edg·er …   English syllables


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