Studio One (radio-TV series)

Infobox Television
show_name = Studio One


caption = "Westinghouse Studio One" (variant title) title screen
genre = Anthology drama
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country = USA
language = English
num_seasons = 10
num_episodes =
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runtime = 60 mins.
channel = CBS
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first_run =
first_aired = November 7, 1948
last_aired = September 29, 1958
imdb_id = 0040051
tv_com_id = 4260

"Studio One" is a long-running American dramatic radio-television anthology series, created in 1947 by the 26-year-old Canadian director Fletcher Markle, who came to CBS from the CBC.

History

Markle launched the 60-minute radio series on CBS April 29, 1947, with an adaptation of Malcolm Lowry's "Under the Volcano". Broadcast on Tuesdays, opposite "Fibber McGee and Molly" and "The Bob Hope Show", the radio series continued until July 27, 1948, showcasing such adaptations as "Dodsworth", "Pride and Prejudice", "The Red Badge of Courage" and "Ah, Wilderness". Top performers were heard on this series, including John Garfield, Walter Huston, Mercedes McCambridge, Burgess Meredith and Robert Mitchum.

Move to television

In 1948, Markle made a quantum leap from radio to television. Sponsored by Westinghouse Electric Corporation, the television series was seen on CBS (which Westinghouse acquired in 1995) from 1948 through 1958, under several variant titles: "Studio One Summer Theatre", "Studio One in Hollywood", "Summer Theatre", "Westinghouse Studio One" and "Westinghouse Summer Theatre".

Offering a wide range of dramas, "Studio One" received Emmy nominations every year from 1950 to 1958. The series staged some notable and memorable teleplays among its 466 episodes. Some created such an impact they were adapted into theatrical films. Reginald Rose's acclaimed drama "12 Angry Men", about the conflicts of jurors deciding a murder case, originated on "Studio One" on September 20, 1954, and the 1957 motion picture remake with Henry Fonda was nominated for three Academy Awards. Sal Mineo had the title role in Reginald Rose's "Dino" (January 2, 1956), and he reprised the role for the movie "Dino" (1957).

In 1954, "Crime at Blossoms", scripted by Jerome Ross, was given an Edgar Award for Best Episode in a TV Series. Nathaniel Hawthorne's granddaughter received a plaque in recognition of her grandfather's writing achievements, during the April 3, 1950 telecast of "The Scarlet Letter".

"The Night America Trembled" was "Studio One"'s September 9, 1957 top-rated television recreation of Orson Welles' radio broadcast of "The War of the Worlds" on October 30, 1938. The cast included Alexander Scourby, Ed Asner and Warren Oates. James Coburn made his television debut, and John Astin appeared uncredited as a reporter. In one of his earliest acting roles, Warren Beatty appeared in the bit part of a card-playing college student.

Production notes

Worthington Miner, Martin Manulis and others produced. As spokeswoman for Westinghouse, Betty Furness became strongly identified with Westinghouse products, and she also was seen in eight "Studio One" dramas. The show's musical directors were Milton C. Anderson (who also created music for "Playhouse 90") and Eugene Cines.

Lost episode

For years, the original TV production of "12 Angry Men" was considered lost. However, in 2003, Joseph Consentino, a researcher-producer for The History Channel, discovered a kinescope of the "Studio One" production in the home of the late New York defense attorney (and later judge) Samuel Leibowitz. Consentino was researching a History Channel documentary about Leibowitz, and the discovery was announced by the Museum of Television & Radio (now The Paley Center for Media). This was detailed by Cynthia Littleton in the "Hollywood Reporter":

After nearly 30 years of searching, the museum has obtained a complete recording of CBS' landmark 1954 drama "12 Angry Men", which earned Emmy Awards for writer Reginald Rose and director Franklin Schaffner and a best actor trophy for Robert Cummings.

As part of the "12 Angry Men" acquisition, the museum also has acquired five hours of historic radio news coverage of the famed 1935 Lindbergh baby murder trial of Bruno Hauptmann. The radio coverage and commentary on the legendary trial for New York-area station WHN was anchored by Samuel Leibowitz, a famed defense attorney of the day whose children owned copies of his broadcasts as well as the "12 Angry Men" kinescope.

CBS had provided the MT&R with a kinescope recording of the first half of the hourlong "12 Angry Men" broadcast, but the complete live production had long been considered lost. Museum officials were alerted to the existence of the recording by filmmaker Joseph Consentino, who is working on a documentary about Leibowitz and found them in the archives maintained by his children, Robert Leibowitz and Marjorie Leibowitz Finch, who have donated the recordings to the museum... "The complete broadcast of the original television production of 'Twelve Angry Men' has been among the most important lost programs that the museum has been searching for since we opened our doors in 1976," MT&R president Robert Batscha said... According to the museum, Samuel Leibowitz requested and received a commercial-free kinescope copy of "Twelve Angry Men" from CBS shortly after it aired because of his interest in legal issues. [ [http://missingepisodes.proboards20.com/index.cgi?action=display&board=general&thread=1197117900&page=1#1197989415 Littleton, Cynthia. "Hollywood Reporter", April 16, 2003.] ]

A third season episode of the ABC legal drama "Boston Legal", "Son of the Defender," used clips from the "Studio One" episode "The Defender," featuring William Shatner as an attorney joining his lawyer father (Ralph Bellamy) in the defense of a 19-year-old accused of murder. Utilizing clips of the older show for flashbacks, the "Boston Legal" episode portrayed Shatner's "Studio One" character as a young Denny Crane trying his first case alongside his father. [ [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0040051/news IMDb] ]

In 2007, the November 14, 1954 broadcast of "I'm a Fool" starring James Dean and Natalie Wood was shown at the annual Mid-Atlantic Nostalgia Convention in Aberdeen, Maryland. Many episodes of "Studio One" are available for viewing at The Paley Center for Media in New York City and Los Angeles.

Awards and nominations

References

Listen to

* [http://clipcast.wpr.org:8080/ramgen/wpr/otr/otr080802b.rm Wisconsin Public Radio; "Studio One": "Babbitt"]
*InternetArchiveOTR|id=StudioOne|title=Studio One

Watch

* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rT_zvRy-s-M "Studio One" (September 29, 1952): Westinghouse spokeswoman Betty Furness explains UHF and demonstrates the UHF adapter]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_q-Lil-Feg "Studio One" (May 18, 1953): Opening scenes of "The Laughmaker" with Jackie Gleason and Art Carney]

External links

* [http://catalog.tol.lib.ca.us/search?/Xfletcher&l=&m=&b=&p=&Da=&Db=&SORT=D/Xfletcher&l=&m=&b=&p=&Da=&Db=&SORT=D&SUBKEY=fletcher/1%2C258%2C258%2CB/frameset&FF=Xfletcher&l=&m=&b=&p=&Da=&Db=&SORT=D&SUBKEY=fletcher&5%2C5%2C Thousand Oaks Library: Fletcher Markle Collection]
* [http://www.otrsite.com/logs/logs1028.htm Jerry Haendiges Vintage Radio Logs: "Studio One"]
* [http://www.rodserling.com/PPBintro.htm 'Writing for Television" by Rod Serling]


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