- Odakyu Electric Railway
Odakyu Electric Railway Co., Ltd.
Type Public Traded as TYO: 9007 Industry Public transport Predecessor Odawara Express Railway Co., Ltd.
Founded Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan (June 1, 1948 ) Headquarters 1-3-3, Nishi-Shinjuku, Shinjuku, Tokyo 160-8309, Japan Key people Yorihiko Osuga, President & CEO Revenue ¥159.465 billion (FY2009) Profit ¥7.930 billion (FY2009) Employees 3,485 (2009) Website Odakyu Electric Railway
Odakyu Electric Railway Co., Ltd. (小田急電鉄株式会社 Odakyū Dentetsu Kabushiki-gaisha ), or OER, is a major railway company based in Tokyo, Japan best known for its Romancecar series of limited express trains from Tokyo to Odawara, Enoshima, Tama New Town, and Hakone.
The Odakyū Electric Railway forms the core of the Odakyū Group, which comprises 106 companies (as of January 2010) and includes the Enoshima Electric Railway, Hakone Tozan Railway, Odakyu Bus, Odakyu Department Store, and Hyatt Regency Tokyo hotel.
The 83 km line from Shinjuku to Odawara opened for service on April 1, 1927. Unlike the Odawara line, rarely were pre-WWII Japanese private railways constructed with double-track and fully electrified from the first day of operation. Two years later, April 1, 1929, the Enoshima Line was added.
The original full name of the railroad was Odawara Express Railway Co., Ltd. (小田原急行鉄道株式会社 Odawara Kyūkō Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha ), but this was often shortened to Odawara Kyūkō (Odawara Express). The abbreviation Odakyū was made popular by the title song of the 1929 movie Tokyo Kōshinkyoku and eventually became the official name of the railroad on March 1, 1941.
On May 1, 1942, Odakyū merged with the Tokyo-Yokohama Electric Railway company (now Tokyu Corporation), which controlled all private railway services west and south of Tokyo by the end of World War II. The company regained its independence on June 1, 1948, and it obtained a large amount of Hakone Tozan Railway stocks, instead of separating Keiō Inokashira Line for Keio Corporation. Odakyū restarted Non-stop Limited Express service between Shinjuku and Odawara in 1948. In 1950, Odakyū trains ran through to Hakone-Yumoto on Hakone Tozan Line. Odakyū uses narrow gauge (1,067 mm) tracks, but the Hakone Tozan Railway is standard gauge (1,435 mm), so one track of the section from Odawara to Hakone-Yumoto (6.1 km) was changed to a dual gauge system. Odakyu operated the first Romancecar (1710 series) limited express in 1951.
After the 1950s, due to rapid Japanese economic growth, Odakyū was faced with an explosive increase of population along with its lines. Commuter passengers had to use very crowded trains every morning, and complained strongly with the delay of improvements from the railway company. Odakyū began construction on the - "Shinjuku Station Great Improvement Project" setting 5 lines and 10 platforms long enough for 10 standard commuter cars with service on the Chiyoda Line, among others. Plans for a four-track system in 1964 were prevented by residents of Setagaya Ward in Tokyo, as such the system remains uncompleted. The Setagaya Residents' opposition set the stage for a long-term and remarkable case in the courts and legislature. Odakyū could not take main part of transport from Tama New Town Area, though Odakyū started the operation of Tama Line in 1974. To serve its Mukōgaoka-Yūen Amusement Park, Odakyū operated the Mukōgaoka-Yūen Monorail Line between Mukōgaoka-Yūen and Mukōgaoka-Yūen-Seimon (1.1 km, 2 stations) beginning in 1966 using a Lockheed Corporationstyle monorail system; the system was closed in 2001 when the amusement park was shut down.
Since 2000, Odakyū has been adding track in both directions from Izumi-Tamagawa Station, on Tama River, the border station of Tokyo, to just outside of Setagaya-Daita Station for expanding the availability of express trains, especially for morning commuter service. The lines between Setagaya-Daita and Higashi-Kitazawa Station are still under construction, however. Odakyū announced that the bottle-neck will be resolved by 2013.
Odakyū has shown its high potential technology for mass and rapid transport. With few exceptions, all of its lines are double- or quadruple-tracked, and its Odawara Line is regarded as a bypass route for the Tōkaidō Main Line from Tokyo to western Kanagawa. The Romancecar 3000 series "SE" was tested at speeds of up to 145 km/h in 1957, achieving a world record for narrow gauge (1067 mm) lines at the time. These tests also provided important data on high-speed electric multiple units (EMU), which Japanese National Railways (JNR) used for its limited express EMUs, 151 series, and 0 Series Shinkansen introduced in the early 1960s.
Odakyū celebrated its 80th anniversary in April 2007. The 50th anniversary of the Romancecar was celebrated in September 2007.
Odakyū are the current shirt sponsors of football club Machida Zelvia.
Line Section Length (km) Stations Date opened Odawara Line Shinjuku - Odawara 82.5 47 April 1, 1927 Enoshima Line Sagami-Ōno - Katase-Enoshima 27.4 17 April 1, 1929 Tama Line Shin-Yurigaoka - Karakida 10.6 8 June 1, 1974 (in part)
March 27, 1990 (full)
Total 3 lines 120.5 80
- Not including the connecting branch between Odawara Line and JR Central Gotemba Line near Shin-Matsuda Station.
- Many Odakyū Tama Line trains (and selected Odawara Line trains from Hon-Atsugi continue on to the Chiyoda and Jōban lines for Ayase and - Toride stations. This service began in 1978 between Hon-Atsugi and Abiko stations.
- Some Odakyū trains continue on the Odakyu-owned Hakone Tozan Line to Hakone-Yumoto.
- Limited express Asagiri trains travel from Shinjuku through on the JR Central Gotemba Line to Numazu Station eight times a day.
(As of March 15, 2008 timetable revision)
Color Classification Japanese Runs between Line(s) Limited Express 特急 Shinjuku, Kita-Senju, and Shin-Kiba to Hakone-Yumoto, Katase-Enoshima, Karakida or Numazu Odakyū Odawara, Enoshima, Tama; Hakone Tozan; JR Central Gotenba; and Tokyo Metro Chiyoda and Yūrakuchō lines Rapid Express 快速急行 Shinjuku to Fujisawa (one service on weekdays to Katase-Enoshima) or Odawara Odakyū Odawara and Enoshima lines Express 急行 Shinjuku to Odawara, Katase-Enoshima or Karakida Odakyū Odawara, Enoshima, and Tama lines Tama Express 多摩急行 Toride, Abiko or Ayase and Karakida via Yoyogi-Uehara Odakyū Odawara, Tama; Tokyo Metro Chiyoda, and JR East Jōban lines Semi Express 準急 Shinjuku to Hon-Atsugi (Odawara) Odakyū Odawara Line Sectional Semi Express 区間準急 Shinjuku to Karakida, Mukogaoka-Yuen or Hon-Atsugi Odakyū Odawara and Tama lines Local 各駅停車 in all sections, includes to/from Hakone-Yumoto on Hakone Tozan Line (occasionally between Odawara and Shin-Matsuda) Odakyū Odawara, Enoshima, Tama; and Hakone Tozan lines
Romancecar limited express services require a supplementary surcharge.
Limited express service
Shinjuku Station routes
Commuter service is shown on each line's page.
Station Japanese Distance (km) Super Hakone Hakone Sagami Asagiri Enoshima Homeway Lines Shinjuku 新宿 - ● ● ● ● ● ● Odakyū Odawara Line Mukōgaoka-Yūen 向ヶ丘遊園 15.8 ｜ ■ ■ ｜ ｜ ｜ Shin-Yurigaoka 新百合ヶ丘 21.5 ｜ ■ ■ ｜ ● ■ Machida 町田 30.8 ｜ ● ● ● ｜ ■ Sagami-Ōno 相模大野 32.3 ｜ ■ ■ ｜ ● ■ Hon-Atsugi 本厚木 45.4 ｜ ■ ● ● ∥ ● Hadano 秦野 61.7 ｜ ■ ■ ｜ ∥ ● Shin-Matsuda 新松田 71.8 ｜ ■ ■ ∥ ∥ ｜ Odawara 小田原 82.5 ● ● ● ∥ ∥ ● Hakone-Yumoto 箱根湯本 88.6 ● ● ∥ ∥ ● Hakone Tozan Line Yamato 大和 39.9 ∥ ● ● Odakyū Enoshima Line Fujisawa 藤沢 55.4 ∥ ● ● Katase-Enoshima 片瀬江ノ島 59.9 ∥ ● ● Odakyū-Nagayama 小田急永山 28.3 ∥ ● Odakyū Tama Line Odakyū-Tama-Center 小田急多摩センター 30.6 ∥ ● Karakida 唐木田 32.1 ∥ ● Matsuda 松田 71.8 ● JR Central Gotemba Line Suruga-Oyama 駿河小山 86.2 ■ Gotemba 御殿場 97.1 ● Susono 裾野 112.3 ● Numazu 沼津 121.8 ●
- Asagiri trains run on the connecting branch line just before Shin-Matsuda from Shinjuku and stops at Matsuda on the Gotemba Line. Matsuda and Shin-Matsuda are treated as the same station.
- Homeway trains run from Shinjuku every evening after 18:00. There is no service to Shinjuku.
Tokyo Metro routes
Commuter service is shown on each line's page.
Station Japanese Distance (km) Metro Homeway Metro Hakone Metro Sagami Bay Resort Lines Shin-Kiba 新木場 ● Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line Toyosu 豊洲 ● Kita-Senju 北千住 0.0 ● ● ● ∥ Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line Ōtemachi 大手町 9.9 ● ● ● ∥ Kasumigaseki 霞ヶ関 12.1 ● ● ● ● Omotesandō 表参道 16.2 ● ● ● ● Yoyogi-Uehara 代々木上原 19.3 * * * * Odakyū Odawara Line Seijōgakuen-Mae 成城学園前 27.4 ■ ｜ ■ ● Shin-Yurigaoka 新百合ヶ丘 37.3 ■ ｜ ■ ● Machida 町田 46.6 ● ● ● Hon-Atsugi 本厚木 61.2 ｜ ● ● Odawara 小田原 98.3 ∥ ● Hakone Tozan Line Hakone-Yumoto 箱根湯本 104.4 ∥ ● Odakyū-Nagayama 小田急永山 44.1 ● Odakyū Tama Line Odakyū-Tama-Center 小田急多摩センター 46.4 ● Karakida 唐木田 47.9 ●
- At Yoyogi-Uehara, all trains pause, but there is no service for passengers; Odakyū and Tokyo Metro change their operating staff at the station.
- On weekday mornings, Metro Sagami trains run once from Hon-Atsugi to Kita-Senju.
- On weekday evenings, Metro Homeway trains run twice from Hon-Atsugi to Kita-Senju and once from Ōtemachi to Hon-Atsugi.
- On weekends and holidays, Metro Hakone trains run between Kita-Senju and Hakone-Yumoto four times; Metro Sagami (once in the morning) and Metro Homeway (once in the evening) trains also run between Kita-Senju and Hon-Atsugi.
- Once or twice per month, Metro Sagami and Metro Homeway become Bay Resort trains, traveling between Shin-Kiba and Hon-Atsugi. They travel to/from the Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō and Chiyoda lines.
Symbol Definition ● all trains stop ■ some trains stop ｜ all trains pass ∥ trains do not travel through this section
- 7000 series "LSE"
- 10000 series "HiSE"
- 20000 series "RSE"
- 30000 series "EXE"
- 50000 series "VSE"
- 60000 series "MSE"
Odakyū Electric Railway in media
The Odakyū Railway has been included in several Japanese language train simulator programs as well as the English language Microsoft Train Simulator program. Microsoft Train Simulator includes the railway's Odawara and Hakone Tozan lines, collectively referred to as the "Tokyo-Hakone" route. You can drive two of the trains that travel on the line; the 2000 series commuter trainset and the 7000 series "LSE" Romancecar trainset. Several "activities", or scenarios, are included.
Various Odakyū addins are available for the BVE Train Simulator, a freeware cab view train simulator for Microsoft Windows.
- Lee, A. (2011). Tokyo commute : Japanese customs and way of life viewed from the Odakyū Line. Folkestone, Kent: Renaissance Books.
- Odakyū Electric Railway (Japanese)
- Odakyū Electric Railway (English)
- Evolution of Railway Technology (prominently mentions Odakyū 3000 series SE Romance Car trainsets) (English)
- Shimochika-navi (concerning construction between Higashi-Kitazawa and Setagaya-Daita stations) (Japanese)
Odakyū lines Odakyū lines Related lines Major stations Transit in the Hakone, Izu Peninsula, and Mount Fuji area Izuhakone Railway Group Odakyū Group JR Lines Others Miscellaneous 16 major and 6 semi-major private rail operators of Japan Kantō region Chūbu region Kinki regionHankyu Corporation · Hanshin Electric Railway · Keihan Electric Railway · Kintetsu Corporation · Nankai Electric Railway · Kita-Osaka Kyūkō Railway (Kitakyū)* · Kōbe Electric Railway (Shintetsu)* · Kōbe Rapid Transit Railway* · Osaka Prefectural Urban Development (Semboku Rapid Railway)* · Sanyō Electric Railway* Kyūshū region(* Semi-major rail operators) Odakyu trainsets Romancecar Commuter
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