Seal of New York City
The Seal of the City of New York, adopted in an earlier form in 1686, bears the legend SIGILLUM CIVITATIS NOVI EBORACI which means simply "The Seal of the City of New York": "
Eboracum" was the Roman name for York, the titular seat of James II as Duke of York.
supportersrepresent the unity between Native Americans and colonists. Dexter, [Note that "Dexter" is Latinfor "right" and is a term used in heraldry to denote the rightmost character. It is not intended to represent the name of the character.] a sailorcolonist holds a plummetin his right hand; over his right shoulder is a cross-staff. Sinister, [Note that "Sinister" is Latinfor "left" and is a term used in heraldry to denote the leftmost character. It is not intended to represent the name of the character.] a Lenapenative to Manhattanrests his left hand upon a bow.
Upon the arms /
shield, the four windmillsails recall the city's Dutch history as New Amsterdamand the beavers and flour barrels signify the city's earliest trade goods (see " History of New York City"). The flour barrels and windmills represent the tremendous wealth generated by New York City from the Bolting Act of 1674. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9501E6D7123FE233A25753C2A9609C946496D6CF "New York's 250th Anniversary"] New York Times Magazine, June 20, 1915 ] The Act gave the city an exclusive monopoly to mill and export flour. The shield and supporters rest upon a horizontal laurel branch.
The crest over the seal is the
Bald Eagle, added in 1784, after the American Revolution. Prior to this change, a crown had been located in this space, representing the authority of the monarchy during the British colonial period. The eagle rests upon a hemisphere. At the bottom is the date, 1625, ostensibly as the founding of New Amsterdam, the colonial Dutch settlement which would later become the City of New York. This date, however, was chosen for somewhat unknown reasons and most historians believe no significant event actually occurred that year. The first Dutch settlers actually arrived in the region in 1624, and the town of New Amsterdam was incorporated in 1653. [Roberts, Sam. [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/14/nyregion/14seal.html "New York’s Birth Date: Don’t Go by City’s Seal"] New York Times, N.Y. / Region, July 14, 2008.]
laurel wreathencircles the seal.
city clerkis the custodian of the City Seal.
* [http://www.nyc.gov/html/dcas/html/features/greenbook_seal_flag.shtml City Seal and Flag] , Department of Citywide Administrative Services, New York City
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