- Belle Glade culture
The Belle Glade culture is an
Archaeological culturethat was located in the area surrounding Lake Okeechobeein Florida, USAand (less certainly) in the Kissimmee Rivervalley for the period from 1000 BCEto about 1700. The cultural area is defined on the basis of mounds, earthworks and pottery. the area has poor, sandy soils, low elevation with low relief, and many bodies of water and wetlands. The area consists of pineand palmetto flatlands, wet prairies, hammocks of live oakand cabbage palm and cypress swamps.
Humans apparently first entered the Lake Okeechobee basin and Kissimmee River valley late in the
Archaic period. The Belle Glade culture is defined as beginning about 1000 BCE. The older Willey/Bullen chronology divided the Belle Glade culture into three periods; Transitional (1000 BCE - 500 BCE), Belle Glade I (500 BCE - 1000 CE) and Belle Glade II (1000 - 1700). The more recent Sears chronology divides the Belle Glade culture into four periods; I (1000 BCE - 200 CE), II (200 - c.700), III (c.700 - c.1300) and IV (c.1300 - 1700). During the period of European contact, the Mayaimitribe lived in the Belle Glade culture area.
Most of the pottery found at Belle Glade culture sites is undecorated (Belle Glade Plain and Glades Plain styles). Wood, bone, shell and shark tooth artifacts have been found at a few Belle Glade sites, but are too few to be used in defining the culture.
Earthworks are diagnostic of the Belle Glade culture. Circular ditches appeared early in the Belle Glade culture, by 500 BCE. Habitation mounds and burials in mounds also date to the earliest period. Mounds were also built in Sears' periods II and IV, with mound burials again in period IV. In period IV complexes of mounds and linear embankments were common. Habitation mounds served as dry refuges from flooding during the wet season.
Middens are found in oak hammocks near open water.
The people of the Belle Glade culture subsisted on hunting and gathering. Animals in the diet included
deer, turtle, snake, fishand fresh water molluscs. While maizemay have been cultivated, it was no more than a minor component of the diet.
*Milanich, Jerald T. 1995. "Florida Indians and the Invasion from Europe".
Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida. ISBN 0-8130-1360-7
*State of Florida Office of Cultural and Historical Programs. "Chapter 11. Lake Okeechobee Basin/Kissimmee River, 3000 B.P.-Contact". "Historic Contexts". Version of 9-27-93. Downloaded from [http://dhr.dos.state.fl.us/facts/reports/contexts/comp_plan.doc] on
March 27 2006
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Belle Glade, Florida — City Location of Belle Glade, Florida … Wikipedia
Weeden Island culture — The Weeden Island Culture is one of the many archaeological cultures that existed during the Late Woodland period of the North American Southeast. The name for this culture was derived from the Weedon Island site (despite the dissimilar… … Wikipedia
Monongahela culture — Monongahela cultural region, with some of its major sites and neighbors AD 1050 1635 The Monongahela culture were a Native American cultural manifestation of Late Woodland peoples in present day western Pennsylvania, eastern Ohio and West… … Wikipedia
Glades culture — The Glades culture is an archaeological culture in southernmost Florida that lasted from about 500 BCE until shortly after European contact. Its area included the Everglades, the Florida Keys, the Atlantic coast of Florida north through present… … Wikipedia
St. Johns culture — The St. Johns culture was an archaeological culture in northeastern Florida, USA that lasted from about 500 BCE (the end of the Archaic period) until shortly after European contact in the 17th century. The St. Johns culture was present along the… … Wikipedia
Chaco Culture National Historical Park — Chaco Culture National Historical Park … Wikipedia
Mississippian culture — A map showing approximate areas of various Mississippian and related cultures. The Mississippian culture was a mound building Native American culture that flourished in what is now the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States from… … Wikipedia
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — 1840s map of Mound City … Wikipedia
Mississippian culture pottery — is the ceramic tradition of the Mississippian culture (800 to 1600 CE) found as artifacts in archaeological sites in the American Midwest and Southeast. It is often characterized by the adoption and use of riverine (or more rarely marine) shell… … Wikipedia
Clovis culture — … Wikipedia