Artery: Maxillary artery Plan of branches of maxillary artery. ("Internal maxillary" is horizonal at left center.) Plan of branches of maxillary artery. Latin arteria maxillaris Gray's subject #144 559 Source external carotid artery Branches 1st part: anterior tympanic - deep auricular - middle meningeal - superior tympanic - accessory meningeal - inferior alveolar
2nd part: Posterior deep temporal artery - Pterygoid branches - masseteric - buccinator - Anterior deep temporal artery
3rd part: posterior superior alveolar - infraorbital - descending palatine - artery of the pterygoid canal - sphenopalatine
Vein maxillary veins Precursor aortic arch 1
The maxillary artery (or internal maxillary artery in older texts) is an artery that supplies deep structures of the face. It branches from the external carotid artery just deep to the neck of the mandible.
The maxillary artery, the larger of the two terminal branches of the external carotid artery, arises behind the neck of the mandible, and is at first imbedded in the substance of the parotid gland; it passes forward between the ramus of the mandible and the sphenomandibular ligament, and then runs, either superficial or deep to the lateral pterygoid muscle, to the pterygopalatine fossa.
The first or mandibular portion passes horizontally forward, between the neck of the mandible and the sphenomandibular ligament, where it lies parallel to and a little below the auriculotemporal nerve; it crosses the inferior alveolar nerve, and runs along the lower border of the lateral pterygoid muscle.
- Deep auricular artery
- Anterior tympanic artery
- Middle meningeal artery
- Inferior alveolar artery which gives off its mylohyoid branch just prior to entering the mandibular foramen
- Accessory meningeal artery
The second or pterygoid portion runs obliquely forward and upward under cover of the ramus of the mandible and insertion of the temporalis, on the superficial (very frequently on the deep) surface of the lateral pterygoid muscle; it then passes between the two heads of origin of this muscle and enters the fossa.
- Sphenopalatine artery (Nasopalatine artery is the terminal branch of the Maxillary artery)
- Descending palatine artery
- Infraorbital artery
- Posterior superior alveolar artery
- Artery of pterygoid canal
- Pharyngeal artery
- Middle superior alveolar
- Anterior Superior Alveolar
- Formerly, the term "external maxillary artery" was used to describe what is now known as the facial artery (per Terminologia anatomica.) Currently, the term "external maxillary artery" is less commonly used, and the terms "internal maxillary artery" and "maxillary artery" are equivalent.
In order: DAM Artery! I Made Dolly Parton's Bra Pop & I Didn't Stop!
- Maxillary+artery at eMedicine Dictionary
- lesson4 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (parotid4)
- SUNY Labs 27:12-0101 - "Infratemporal Fossa: Branches of the Maxillary Artery"
- Mnemonic at medicalmnemonics.com 935
- Overview at tufts.edu
List of arteries of head and neck (TA A12.2.05–08, GA 6.549) CCmaxillary1st part / mandibular2nd part / pterygoid3rd part / pterygopalatine
orbital group:anterior ethmoidal (anterior septal, anterior lateral nasal, anterior meningeal) · posterior ethmoidal · lacrimal (lateral palpebral) · medial palpebral · terminal (supraorbital, supratrochlear, dorsal nasal)ocular group: central retinal · ciliary (short posterior, long posterior, anterior) · hypophysial (superior, inferior)
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Look at other dictionaries:
maxillary artery — n an artery supplying the deep structures of the face (as the nasal cavities, palate, tonsils, and pharynx) and sending a branch to the meninges of the brain called also internal maxillary artery compare FACIAL ARTERY * * * … Medical dictionary
maxillary artery — noun either of two arteries branching from the external carotid artery and supplying structure of the face • Syn: ↑arteria maxillaris • Hypernyms: ↑artery, ↑arteria, ↑arterial blood vessel • Hyponyms: ↑facial artery, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
maxillary artery external — arteria facialis … Medical dictionary
maxillary artery internal — arteria maxillaris … Medical dictionary
Pterygoid branches of maxillary artery — Infobox Artery Name = PAGENAME Latin = rami pterygoidei arteriae maxillaris GraySubject = 144 GrayPage = 561 Caption = Plan of branches of internal maxillary artery. (Pterygoid labeled at center top.) Caption2 = Plan of branches of internal… … Wikipedia
internal maxillary artery — noun the maxillary artery that supplies deep structure of the face and some of the meninges • Hypernyms: ↑maxillary artery, ↑arteria maxillaris * * * noun see maxillary artery … Useful english dictionary
external maxillary artery — noun an artery that originates in the external carotid and gives off branches that supply the neck and face • Syn: ↑facial artery, ↑arteria facialis • Hypernyms: ↑maxillary artery, ↑arteria maxillaris * * * noun see maxillary artery … Useful english dictionary
internal maxillary artery — n MAXILLARY ARTERY … Medical dictionary
external maxillary artery — n FACIAL ARTERY … Medical dictionary
Maxillary veins — Vein: Internal maxillary vein Veins of the head and neck. (Internal maxillary vein visible at center.) … Wikipedia