The Folio Society is a publisher of fine books based in London.
The Folio Society was conceived by Charles Ede, who had been inspired by
private presspublishers, including Golden Cockerel Pressand Nonesuch Press. Indeed, Ede persuaded Christopher Sandford, then partner in the Golden Cockerel Press, to become a founding partner in Folio with Ede and Alan Bott, and several early publications (including the 1952 publication of Thomas Jefferson Hogg's "Memoirs of Prince Alexey Haimatoff") were realisations of projected Cockerel publications. Folio and the Golden Cockerel Press shared premises in Poland Street until 1955. The Folio Society was, however, never intended to compete in the very exclusive private press market and Ede aimed instead to produce "a poor man's fine edition": a better standard than could be produced by a mass-market publisher.
The Folio Society issued its first three titles in 1947. In October of that year Tolstoy's "Tales" went on sale for sixteen shillings, and it was followed in November and December by
George du Maurier's "Trilby" and a translation of "Aucassin and Nicolette", establishing a pattern of monthly publication that was retaibed for many years.
In 1971 Folio was purchased by
John Lettsand Halfdan Lynner, although editorial continuity was ensured by the retention of Brian Rawson, Editorial Director from 1956. In the subsequent decades, the Society developed the technique of publishing series such as the collected novels of Dickens, Trollope, Hardy, Elizabeth Gaskelland Conrad, over several years as a means of attracting and retaining members.
Between 1987 and 1991, Folio produced a number of fine editions, printed in
letterpressand subsequently it has introduced a series of deluxe, limited edition publications at a substantially higher price, generally in conjunction with The British Library. These are priced on a volume-by-volume basis, but at least one publication per year is made in the £500–£900 range.
In 1994 Folio moved to its current offices at 44 Eagle Street, Holborn. The current chairman and owner of the Society is Lord Gavron.
Production trends, bindings and illustrators
Up until around 1954 Folio books were printed with
dust jackets, but subsequently coloured slipcases have been used, to protect the books and retain focus on the decorative bindings. Solander boxes are used to protect the deluxe editions.
One of the notable characteristics of Folio publications is their range of formats (in 1951, for example, these included Royal Octavo, Medium Octavo, Crown Octavo and Demy Octavo) and custom sizes are also common. Use of materials also varies greatly, with occasional innovations such as the use of aluminium foil for
Aldous Huxley's " Brave New World" in 1971 and vegetable parchment for Voltaire's "The "Calas" Affair" in 1994. Marbled endpaper (often produced by hand by Ann Muir) has become a feature of several volumes in recent years. Moiré silk has also been used sporadically over the years as a binding material, but the most common material is buckram. Goatskin binding is sometimes used, especially for deluxe editions.
Since his first binding design in 1981, David Eccles has gradually established himself as the most prolific of Folio’s designers. Amongst his many projects for Folio has been the series (sometimes known as "Victorian Epics of Exploration") beginning with Richard Burton's "The Source of the Nile" in 1993 and still in progress in 2007-8.
Amongst the illustrators, many have made an impact on the history of Folio.
Charles Keepingis notable for his illustrations to the complete novels of Dickens, as is Francis Mosley, who illustrated the works of both Thomas Hardy and Joseph Conrad. Paul Cox has contributed comic illustrations for, among others, seventeen volumes of novels by P. G. Wodehouse. A major publication was Paula Rego's "Nursery Rhymes" where the artist controlled many aspects of the design and illustration, but this was an exceptional case. Some illustrators have been called upon for a small but significant contribution, such as Neil Packer, who contributed striking full-colour illustrations to " I, Claudius" and " Claudius the God" by Robert Graves.
Membership and publication programme
Offers to join the Folio Society are regularly made in press advertisements worldwide. Usually the offer is a set of books free in return for which one buys four books at full price from the Society's catalogue. In early Autumn the Society publishes a prospectus including the books for the forthcoming year and existing volumes in print. Members are required to buy four volumes per year to maintain membership, and a "presentation volume" (sometimes with other incentives) is produced and given to renewing members.
In addition to the monthly volume, Folio usually publishes a small number of extra volumes in support of an ongoing series as well as a small number of additional publications announced irregularly throughout the year. Deluxe editions, often targeted at a segment of the membership, are produced from time to time: these are often facsimiles either of famous books (Johnson's "Dictionary" and the Kelmscott "Chaucer") or of notable manuscripts (such as the
Luttrell Psalterand William Blake's complete illustrations to Edward Young's "Night Thoughts").
Long-running series still in publication include those on The English Poets, Victorian Epics of Exploration, Medieval History and Myths & Legends.
*Nash, Paul W. (Compiler), "Folio 50: A Bibliography of The Folio Society, 1947-1996" (The Folio Press in association with The British Library, 1997)
*Cave, Roderick & Sarah Mason, "A History of the Golden Cockerel Press, 1920-1960" (The British Library & Oak Knoll Press, 2002)
*Nash, Paul W. (Compiler), "Folio 60: A Bibliography of The Folio Society, 1947-2006" With essays by Sue Bradbury, Joseph Connolly and David McKitterick. (The Folio Society, 2007)
* [http://www.foliosoc.co.uk/wuk The Folio Society United Kingdom]
* [http://www.foliosociety.com/wusa The Folio Society United States]
* [http://www.foliosociety.com/waus The Folio Society Australia]
* [http://www.foliosociety.com/wcan The Folio Society Canada]
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