Butterfly ray

Taxobox
name = Butterfly rays


image_caption = Smooth butterfly ray, "Gymnura micrura"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Chondrichthyes
subclassis = Elasmobranchii
ordo = Rajiformes
familia = Gymnuridae
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = "Aetoplatea" "Gymnura" See text for species.

The butterfly rays are a family, Gymnuridae, of rays. They are characterized by an extremely broad disc and a very short tail.

Classification

McEachran et al. place the butterfly rays in the subfamily Gymnurinae of the family Dasyatidae, [cite book | chapter = Interrelationships of the batoid fishes (Chondrichthyes: Batoidea) | author = J. D. McEachran, K. A. Dunn & T. Miyake | title = Interrelationships of Fishes | year = 1996 | publisher = Academic Press | editor = M. L. Stiassny, L. R. Parenti & G. D. Johnson (editors)] but this article follows FishBase and ITIS in treating them as a family. [FishBase family | family = Gymnuridae | month = January | year = 2006] [ITIS | ID = 564010 | taxon = Gymnuridae | date = 27 March | year = 2006] There are fourteen species in two genera:
* Genus "Aetoplatea"
** Tentacled butterfly ray, "Aetoplatea tentaculata" Müller & Henle, 1841.
** Zonetail butterfly ray, "Aetoplatea zonura" Bleeker, 1852.
* Genus "Gymnura"
** "Gymnura afuerae" (Hildebrand, 1946).
** Spiny butterfly ray, "Gymnura altavela" (Linnaeus, 1758).
** Australian butterfly ray, "Gymnura australis" (Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886).
** Twin-spot butterfly ray, "Gymnura bimaculata" (Norman, 1925).
** Longsnout butterfly ray, "Gymnura crebripunctata" (Peters, 1869).
** "Gymnura crooki" Fowler, 1934.
** Madeira butterfly ray, "Gymnura hirundo" (Lowe, 1843).
** Japanese butterfly ray, "Gymnura japonica" (Temminck & Schlegel, 1850).
** California butterfly ray, "Gymnura marmorata" (Cooper, 1864).
** Smooth butterfly ray, "Gymnura micrura" (Bloch & Schneider, 1801).
** Backwater butterfly ray, "Gymnura natalensis" (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1911).
** Longtail butterfly ray, "Gymnura poecilura" (Shaw, 1804).

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Butterfly ray — Ray Ray, n. [F. raie, L. raia. Cf. {Roach}.] (Zo[ o]l.) (a) Any one of numerous elasmobranch fishes of the order Rai[ae], including the skates, torpedoes, sawfishes, etc. (b) In a restricted sense, any of the broad, flat, narrow tailed species,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • butterfly ray — atlantinė drugelinė raja statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Gymnura altavela angl. butterfly ray; giant ray; spiny ray rus. атлантический скат бабочка ryšiai: platesnis terminas – drugelinės rajos …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • butterfly ray — noun A ray of the family Gymnuridae (or, by some accounts, the subfamily Gymnurinae) …   Wiktionary

  • butterfly ray —       any of several stingray (q.v.) species in the family Gymnuridae. * * * …   Universalium

  • butterfly ray — noun a stingray with a short tail and a broad fin • Hypernyms: ↑stingray • Member Holonyms: ↑Gymnura, ↑genus Gymnura * * * noun Etymology: so called from the winglike shape of the pectoral fins : any of several short tailed broad finned sting… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Atlantic butterfly ray — švelnioji drugelinė raja statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Gymnura micrura angl. Atlantic butterfly ray; lesser butterfly ray; short tailed butterfly ray; smooth butterfly ray rus. гладкий скат бабочка… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • lesser butterfly ray — švelnioji drugelinė raja statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Gymnura micrura angl. Atlantic butterfly ray; lesser butterfly ray; short tailed butterfly ray; smooth butterfly ray rus. гладкий скат бабочка… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • short-tailed butterfly ray — švelnioji drugelinė raja statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Gymnura micrura angl. Atlantic butterfly ray; lesser butterfly ray; short tailed butterfly ray; smooth butterfly ray rus. гладкий скат бабочка… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • smooth butterfly ray — švelnioji drugelinė raja statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Gymnura micrura angl. Atlantic butterfly ray; lesser butterfly ray; short tailed butterfly ray; smooth butterfly ray rus. гладкий скат бабочка… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • Backwater butterfly ray — Conservation status Data Deficient (IUCN 3.1) Scientific classification …   Wikipedia


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