Pneumoconiosis Classification and external resources
Micrograph of asbestosis (with ferruginous bodies), a type of pneumoconiosis. H&E stain.
ICD-10 J60-J65 ICD-9 500-505 DiseasesDB 31746 MeSH D011009
Depending upon the type of dust, the disease is given different names:
- Coalworker's pneumoconiosis (also known as "black lung" or anthracosis) - coal, carbon
- Asbestosis - asbestos
- Silicosis (also known as "grinder's disease" or Potter's rot) - silica
- Bauxite fibrosis - bauxite
- Berylliosis - beryllium
- Siderosis - iron
- Byssinosis - cotton
- Silicosiderosis - mixed dust containing silica and iron
- Labrador Lung (found in miners in Labrador, Canada) - mixed dust containing iron, silica and anthophyllite, a type of asbestos
In addition, it has been speculated that astronauts subject to prolonged exposure to lunar dust may be susceptible to a type of pneumoconiosis. No cases exist yet, but future Moon missions are expected to take precautions against such exposure.
Positive indications on patient assessment:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest X-ray may show a characteristic patchy, subpleural, bibasilar interstitial infiltrates or small cystic radiolucencies called honeycombing
- Popcorn workers lung disease - Diacetyl emissions and airborne dust from butter flavorings used in microwave popcorn production
Popular culture references
- In the classic British film Brief Encounter (1945), derived from a Noel Coward play, housewife Laura (Celia Johnson) and physician Alec (Trevor Howard) begin an affair. She is desperately mesmerized in a train station lounge by his evocation of his passion for pneumoconioses.
- In the 1995 British film Brassed Off, the band leader (Pete Postlethwaite) in a small coal-mining town is hospitalized with pneumoconiosis.
- 2006 documentary film by Shane Roberts. Features interviews with miners suffering from the disease and footage shot inside the mine
- 1000 Ways to Die featured an incident where two kitchen workers succumb to Pneumoconiosis from playing in cocoa powder.
- In the widely acclaimed Puzzle/Shooter game Portal 2, former CEO and founder of Aperture Science Laboratories, Cave Johnson, purportedly contracted and died of Lunar Pneumoconiosis after prolonged exposure to the moon rocks he was utilizing in teleportation technology research.
- ^ Andreoli, Thomas, ed. CECIL Essentials of Medicine. Saunders: Pennsylvania, 2004. p. 737.
A Cochrane and M Blythe (1989) "One Man's Medicine, an autobiography of Professor Archie Cochrane". London, BMJ Books. (Paperback edition, 2009, by Cardiff University Publications (available from the Cochrane Library, Cardiff).
- NIOSH Safety and Health Topic: Pneumoconioses
- Black Lung Benefits Act - U.S. Department of Labor
- Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis - The Merck Manuals: Online Medical Library
- Black Lung - United Mine Workers of America
- Black Lung - U.S. Department of Labor Mine Safety and Health Administration
- A Conversation about Mining and Black Lung Disease
- Flavorings-Related Lung Disease
Pathology of respiratory system (J, 460–519), respiratory diseases Upper RT
Common cold)Headvocal folds: Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) · Vocal fold nodule · Vocal cord paresis · Vocal cord dysfunction
Lower RT/lung disease
(including LRTIs)acute: Acute bronchitischronic: COPD (Chronic bronchitis, Acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, Acute exacerbation of COPD, Emphysema) · Asthma (Status asthmaticus, Aspirin-induced, Exercise-induced) · BronchiectasisInterstitial/
restrictiveBy pathogenBy vector/routeBy distributionBroncho- · LobarOther
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Look at other dictionaries:
Pneumoconiosis — vgl. Pneumokoniose … Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke
pneumoconiosis — [no͞o΄mōkō΄nē ō′sis, nyo͞o΄mōkō΄nē ō′sis] n. [ModL < PNEUMO + Gr konia (< konis, dust: see INCINERATE) + OSIS] a disease of the lungs, characterized by fibrosis and caused by the chronic inhalation of mineral dusts, esp. silica and asbestos … English World dictionary
pneumoconiosis — /nooh meuh koh nee oh sis, nyooh /, n. Pathol. any chronic lung disease, including anthracosis, asbestosis, and silicosis, caused by the inhalation of particles of coal, asbestos, silica, or similar substances and leading to fibrosis and loss of… … Universalium
Pneumoconiosis — Deposition of particulate matter (such as asbestos and silicon) in the lungs. * * * pneu·mo·co·ni·o·sis .n(y)ü mō .kō nē ō səs n, pl o·ses .sēz a disease of the lungs caused by the habitual inhalation of irritants (as mineral or metallic… … Medical dictionary
pneumoconiosis — n. a group of lung diseases caused by inhaling dust. The dust particles must be less than 0.5 μm in diameter to reach the depths of the lung and there is usually a long period after initial exposure before shadows appear on the chest X ray and… … The new mediacal dictionary
pneumoconiosis — noun (plural pneumoconioses) Etymology: New Latin, from pneum + Greek konis dust more at incinerate Date: 1881 a disease of the lungs caused by the habitual inhalation of irritants (as mineral or metallic particles) compare black lung, silicosis … New Collegiate Dictionary
pneumoconiosis — noun A disease of the lungs caused by inhalation of particulate matter … Wiktionary
pneumoconiosis — n. disease caused by the presence of a large amount of dust in the lungs nuËmÉ™ÊŠkÉ™ÊŠnÉª É™ÊŠsÉªs / nju … English contemporary dictionary
pneumoconiosis — [ˌnju:mə(ʊ)kəʊnɪ əʊsɪs] noun Medicine a disease of the lungs caused by inhalation of dust, characterized by inflammation, coughing, and fibrosis. Origin C19: from pneumo + Gk konis dust + osis … English new terms dictionary
pneumoconiosis — pneu·mo·co·ni·o·sis … English syllables