Pneumoconiosis


Pneumoconiosis
Pneumoconiosis
Classification and external resources

Micrograph of asbestosis (with ferruginous bodies), a type of pneumoconiosis. H&E stain.
ICD-10 J60-J65
ICD-9 500-505
DiseasesDB 31746
MeSH D011009

Pneumoconiosis is an occupational lung disease and a restrictive lung disease caused by the inhalation of dust, often in mines.

Contents

Types

Depending upon the type of dust, the disease is given different names:

In addition, it has been speculated that astronauts subject to prolonged exposure to lunar dust may be susceptible to a type of pneumoconiosis. No cases exist yet, but future Moon missions are expected to take precautions against such exposure[citation needed].

Diagnosis

Positive indications on patient assessment:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest X-ray may show a characteristic patchy, subpleural, bibasilar interstitial infiltrates or small cystic radiolucencies called honeycombing

Pneumoconiosis in combination with multiple pulmonary rheumatoid nodules in rheumatoid arthritis patients is known as Caplan's syndrome.[1]

Other work-related lung diseases

Popular culture references

  • In the classic British film Brief Encounter (1945), derived from a Noel Coward play, housewife Laura (Celia Johnson) and physician Alec (Trevor Howard) begin an affair. She is desperately mesmerized in a train station lounge by his evocation of his passion for pneumoconioses.
  • In the 1995 British film Brassed Off, the band leader (Pete Postlethwaite) in a small coal-mining town is hospitalized with pneumoconiosis.
  • 2006 documentary film by Shane Roberts. Features interviews with miners suffering from the disease and footage shot inside the mine
  • 1000 Ways to Die featured an incident where two kitchen workers succumb to Pneumoconiosis from playing in cocoa powder.
  • In the widely acclaimed Puzzle/Shooter game Portal 2, former CEO and founder of Aperture Science Laboratories, Cave Johnson, purportedly contracted and died of Lunar Pneumoconiosis after prolonged exposure to the moon rocks he was utilizing in teleportation technology research.

See also

References

  1. ^ Andreoli, Thomas, ed. CECIL Essentials of Medicine. Saunders: Pennsylvania, 2004. p. 737.

A Cochrane and M Blythe (1989) "One Man's Medicine, an autobiography of Professor Archie Cochrane". London, BMJ Books. (Paperback edition, 2009, by Cardiff University Publications (available from the Cochrane Library, Cardiff).

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pneumoconiosis — vgl. Pneumokoniose …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • pneumoconiosis — [no͞o΄mōkō΄nē ō′sis, nyo͞o΄mōkō΄nē ō′sis] n. [ModL < PNEUMO + Gr konia (< konis, dust: see INCINERATE) + OSIS] a disease of the lungs, characterized by fibrosis and caused by the chronic inhalation of mineral dusts, esp. silica and asbestos …   English World dictionary

  • pneumoconiosis — /nooh meuh koh nee oh sis, nyooh /, n. Pathol. any chronic lung disease, including anthracosis, asbestosis, and silicosis, caused by the inhalation of particles of coal, asbestos, silica, or similar substances and leading to fibrosis and loss of… …   Universalium

  • Pneumoconiosis — Deposition of particulate matter (such as asbestos and silicon) in the lungs. * * * pneu·mo·co·ni·o·sis .n(y)ü mō .kō nē ō səs n, pl o·ses .sēz a disease of the lungs caused by the habitual inhalation of irritants (as mineral or metallic… …   Medical dictionary

  • pneumoconiosis — n. a group of lung diseases caused by inhaling dust. The dust particles must be less than 0.5 μm in diameter to reach the depths of the lung and there is usually a long period after initial exposure before shadows appear on the chest X ray and… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • pneumoconiosis — noun (plural pneumoconioses) Etymology: New Latin, from pneum + Greek konis dust more at incinerate Date: 1881 a disease of the lungs caused by the habitual inhalation of irritants (as mineral or metallic particles) compare black lung, silicosis …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pneumoconiosis — noun A disease of the lungs caused by inhalation of particulate matter …   Wiktionary

  • pneumoconiosis — n. disease caused by the presence of a large amount of dust in the lungs nuːməʊkəʊnɪ əʊsɪs / nju …   English contemporary dictionary

  • pneumoconiosis — [ˌnju:mə(ʊ)kəʊnɪ əʊsɪs] noun Medicine a disease of the lungs caused by inhalation of dust, characterized by inflammation, coughing, and fibrosis. Origin C19: from pneumo + Gk konis dust + osis …   English new terms dictionary

  • pneumoconiosis — pneu·mo·co·ni·o·sis …   English syllables


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