Galatian language


Galatian language

Infobox Language
name=Galatian
familycolor=Indo-European
region=Galatia
fam1=Indo-European
fam2=Celtic
fam3=Continental Celtic
extinct=4th century AD
iso2=cel
iso3=xga


notice=nonotice

Galatian is an extinct Celtic language once spoken in Galatia in Asia Minor (modern Turkey) from the 3rd century BC up to the 4th century AD.

Of the language only a few glosses and brief comments in classical writers and scattered names on inscriptions survive. Altogether they add up to about 120 words, mostly personal names ending in "-riks" (cf. Gaulish "-rix/-reix", Old Irish "ri", Gothic language "-reiks", Latin "rex") "king", some ending in "-marus", dative "-mari" (cf. Gaulish "-maros", Old Irish "mor", Welsh "mawr") "great", and tribal names like "Ambitouti" (Old Irish "imm-" "around", Old Irish "tuath" "tribe"), and a lexical item "drunaimeton" "place of assembly" (cf. Old Irish "drui" "druid", Old Irish "neimed" "holy place"). Galatian is a Continental Celtic language contemporary and closely related to the Gaulish language.

ources

*cite book | author=Freeman, Philip | title=The Galatian Language: A Comprehensive Survey of the Language of the Ancient Celts in Greco-Roman Asia Minor | location=Lewiston, New York | publisher=Mellen Press | year=2001 | id=ISBN 0-7734-7480-3
*Weisgerber, L. (1931). Galatische Sprachreste. In "Natalicium Johannes Geffcken zum 70. Geburtstag 2. Mai 1931 gewidmet von Freunden, Kollegen und Schülern", 151–75. Heidelberg: Carl Winter.


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