Yuga Purana

The "Yuga Purana" ("Story of the Ages") is an ancient Indian text, part of the larger Puranas literature. It is considered as one of the oldest Purana, written before around 250 CE. The Yuga Purana consist in two chapter, within the larger text of the "Garga Samhita" (Narrations of Garga), also called "Vriddha Gargiya Jyotisha" (Astrology of the Sage Garga). It is the most extensive Indian text to describe the invasion of the country by foreign rulers (Indo-Greeks and Indo-Scythians) during the 2nd and 1st century BCE.

:"The Yuga-Purana is unique in being the only Indian text that refers in any detail to Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian incursions into Central India. It also contains what is almost certainly the earliest account of the four Yugas—the ages of man—in a form that was later adopted by both the Mahabharata and the Puranas. It is thus a key text for the study of both a period of early Indian history and the evolution of Indian ideas of time." (Jacket of the English translation, The Yuga Purana, 2002 edition)

Narrative style

Although the Yuga Purana was written during the 1st- 2nd century CE, the text itself is written in the past tense for the parts referring to the ages previous to the Kali Yuga age, and then in the future tense from the beginning of Kali Yuga (around 3000 BCE). This is because its content is supposed to have been revealed, and all subsequent historical events predicted, at the time when Kali Yuga began. ["The account is composed partly in the past tense, and partly in the future tense. This latter use of the future tense constitutes the style which is also generally found in passages speaking of the Kali Yuga in the Epics and the Puranas: the reason for this being that such passages - as indeed the Mahabharata and the Puranas in general- profess to have been uttered or revealed around the start of the Kali Yuga, whence their descriptions of the Kali Yuga are phrased in the form of prophecies." (The Yuga Purana, Mitchener, 2002 edition)]

Translations

The Yuga Purana has been fully translated into English by Dr. James Mitchiner, who was British Deputy High Commissioner in Kolkata.

Contents of the Yuga Purana

A. Janamejaya Pariksit.

B. Udayin and the founding of Pataliputra.

C. Salisuka in Pataliputra.

D. The Yavana incursion.

The invasion of the Yavana (Indo-Greeks) is described in a rather detailed account::"After having conquered Saketa, the country of the Panchala and the Mathuras, the Yavanas, wicked and valiant, will reach Kusumadhvaja ("The town of the flower-standard", Pataliputra). The thick mud-fortifications at Pataliputra being reached, all the provinces will be in disorder, without doubt. Ultimately, a great battle will follow, with tree-like engines (siege engines)." ("Gargi-Samhita" Paragraph 5, "Yuga Purana".):"The Yavanas (Greeks) will command, the Kings will disappear. (But ultimately) the Yavanas, intoxicated with fighting, will not stay in Madhadesa (the Middle Country); there will be undoubtedly a civil war among them, arising in their own country (Bactria), there will be a terrible and ferocious war." (Gargi-Samhita, Yuga Purana chapter, No7).

E. Seven kings of Saketa.

After the departure of the Yavana, the Yuga Purana explains that seven kings ruled in the area of Saketa.

F. Anarchy and Amrata in Pataliputra.

G. The rule of the Agnivesya kings.

H. The reign of king Satuvara.

I. The Saka incursion and defeat.

The Yuga Purana describes a powerful Saka king raiding Pushpanama (Pataliputra), where he kills a quarter of the population. He is later killed by the king of Kalinga Shata and a group of Sabalas (Savaras).

J. Regions in which men will survive and prosper.

Notes

References

"The Yuga Purana/edited by John E. Mitchiner". Reprint. Kolkata, The Asiatic Society, 2002, xviii, 160 p., ISBN 81-7236-124-6

External links

* [http://www.boloji.com/history/027.htm The Yuga Purana: "A gap in Puranic history bridged"]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • yugá-purāṇa — युगपुराण …   Indonesian dictionary

  • Yuga — En el marco del hinduismo, un iugá (‘era’ en sánscrito) es cada una de las cuatro eras en la que está dividido un majā iugá (‘gran era’). yuga, en el sistema AITS (alfabeto internacional de transliteración sánscrita). युग, en escritura devánagari …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yuga — A Yuga (Devanāgari: युग) in Hindu philosophy is the name of an epoch or era within a cycle of four ages. These are the Satya Yuga (or Krita Yuga), the Treta Yuga, the Dvapara Yuga and finally the Kali Yuga, which are equated with the Roman Golden …   Wikipedia

  • Yuga — Les quatre âges d un mahâyuga dans leur proportion 4:3:2:1 Un yuga (sanskrit en devanāgarī : युग) (ou youga) est un « âge » ou une époque dans un cycle de quatre yuga, Satya Yuga (ou Krita Yuga), Treta Yuga, Dvapara Yuga et Kali… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Iugá-purana — El Iugá purana (‘leyendas de los eones’) es un antiguo texto indio, que forma parte de la extensa literatura puránica (del primer milenio de la era común). Es considerado uno de los Puranas más antiguos, escrito alrededor del 250 d. C.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kalki Purana — The Kalki Purana (कल्कि पुराण) is a prophectic work that details the life and times of Sri Kalki, the tenth and final of the Hindu deity Lord Vishnu. The narrative is set in the distant 4,320th century, near the end of the Kali Yuga or Dark Age,… …   Wikipedia

  • Kali Yuga — (Devanāgarī: sa. कलियुग, lit. Age of Kali , age of vice ), is one of the four stages of development that the world goes through as part of the cycle of Yugas, as described in Indian scriptures, the others being Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga and Dvapara… …   Wikipedia

  • Ganesha Purana — Mahā Gaṇapati ( Great Ganapati ) as shown in the Sritattvanidhi (19th century) is an iconographic form described in the Ganesha Purana …   Wikipedia

  • Kali Yuga — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Kaliyuga (Sanskrit, n., कलियुग, kaliyuga wörtlich Zeitalter des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dvapara Yuga — An article related to Hinduism …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.