John Henry Twachtman
bgcolour = #6495ED
name = John Henry Twachtman
caption = "The White Bridge", ca. 1895,
Minneapolis Institute of Arts
birthdate = birth date |1853|8|4|
deathdate = death date and age |1902|8|8|1853|8|4|
nationality = American
Impressionism, Landscape art
Frank Duveneck, Academy of Fine Arts, Munich
influenced by =
John Henry Twachtman (
August 4 1853- August 8 1902) was an American painter best-known for his impressionist landscapes, though his painting style varied widely through his career. Art historians consider Twachtman's style of impressionism to be among the more personal and experimental of his generation. He was a member of "The Ten", a loosely-allied group of American artists dissatisfied with professional art organizations, who banded together in 1898 to exhibit their works as a stylistically-unified group.
Twachtman was born in
Cincinnati, Ohioand received his first art training there under Frank Duveneck. Like most artists of the era, Twachtman then proceeded to Europe to further his education. He enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich in 1875 and visited Venicewith Duveneck and William Merritt Chase. His landscapes from this time exhibit the loosely-brushed, shadowy technique taught at Munich. Twachtman also learned etching, and sometimes carried etching plates with him that he could use to spontaneously record a scene.
After a brief return to America, Twachtman studied from 1883 to 1885 at the
Académie Julianin Paris, and his paintings dramatically shifted towards a soft, gray and green tonalist style. During this time he painted what some art historians consider to be his greatest masterpieces, including "Arques-la-Bataille", in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Artin New York, and "Springtime", in the collection of the Cincinnati Art Museum.
In 1886 he returned to America and settled in
Connecticut, eventually buying a farm in Greenwich. He often painted and exhibited with fellow artist Julian Alden Weir, and spent considerable time at the art colonyin Cos Cob. His presence was vital to the colony:
"Twachtman's temperament--by turns gregarious and introspective, restless and serene--was a major factor in preventing the Cos Cob art colony from becoming a backwater of nostalgic complacency. Ironically, his lack of commercial success contributed to his artistic independence, freeing him from the temptation of producing salable pictures according to a proven formula. His art, conversation, and teaching fueled the creative fires of his friends and students in Cos Cob." [Larkin, Susan G., "The Cos Cob Art Colony", p. 5. Yale University Press, 2001.]
In addition to his oil paintings, Twachtman continued to create etchings as well as drawings in
pastel. Twachtman taught painting at the Art Students League from 1889 until his death in 1902.
In Connecticut his painting style shifted again, this time to a highly personal impressionist technique. Twachtman painted many landscapes of his farm and garden in Greenwich, often depicting the snow-covered landscape. He executed dozens of paintings of a small waterfall on his property, capturing the scene in different seasons and times of day. Late in life Twachtman visited
Gloucester, Massachusetts, another center of artistic activity in the late 19th century, and produced a series of vibrant scenes that anticipated a more modernist style yet to gain prominence in American art.
Twachtman died suddenly in Gloucester of a brain aneurysm, aged 49. [Peters, Lisa N., "John Twachtman: A Painter's Painter", p. 244. Spanierman Gallery, LLC, 2006.] Today, his works are in many museum collections including the
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
*Art Students League
Ten American Painters
Society of American Artists
*cite book | author=Gerdts, William H. | title=American Impressionism | edition=Second Edition | location=New York | publisher=Abbeville Press Publishers| year=2001| id=ISBN 0-7892-0737-0
*cite book | author=Larkin, Susan G. | title=The Cos Cob Art Colony | location=New York | publisher=the National Academy of Design | year=2001 | id=ISBN 0-300-08852-3
*cite book | author=Peters, Lisa N. | title=John Henry Twachtman : An American Impressionist | location=Atlanta, Georgia | publisher=Hudson Hills Press | year=1999 | id=ISBN 1-55595-178-3
* [http://www.cincinnati.com/twachtman/thetour.html Biography and works, Cincinnati Art Museum]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
John Henry Twachtman — John H. Twachtman: Die weiße Brücke … Deutsch Wikipedia
John Henry Twachtman — Nom de naissance John Henry Twachtman Naissance … Wikipédia en Français
Twachtman, John Henry — ▪ American painter born August 4, 1853, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. died August 8, 1902, Gloucester, Massachusetts painter and etcher, one of the first American Impressionists (Impressionism). Twachtman went to Munich, Germany, in 1875 to… … Universalium
John Twachtman — John H. Twachtman: Die weiße Brücke John Henry Twachtman (* 4. August 1853 in Cincinnati; † 8. August 1902 in Gloucester, Massachusetts) war ein amerikanischer Maler und Radierer des … Deutsch Wikipedia
Twachtman — John H. Twachtman: Die weiße Brücke John Henry Twachtman (* 4. August 1853 in Cincinnati; † 8. August 1902 in Gloucester, Massachusetts) war ein amerikanischer Maler und Radierer des … Deutsch Wikipedia
Twachtman — [ twɔktmən], John Henry, amerikanischer Maler und Radierer, * Cincinnati (Ohio) 4. 8. 1853, ✝ Gloucester (Massachusetts) 18. 8. 1902; studierte in München und Paris; wandte sich Ende der 1880er Jahre dem Impressionismus zu. Landschaftsmaler,… … Universal-Lexikon
Twachtman — biographical name John Henry 1853 1902 American painter … New Collegiate Dictionary
Henry F. Farny — Henry Farny Henry François Farny (né à Ribeauvillé le 15 juillet 1847, décédé le 23 décembre 1916) est un peintre et un illustrateur américain d origine française, spécialisé dans la description des Indiens d Amérique.… … Wikipédia en Français
Henry Farny — Henry François Farny (né à Ribeauvillé le 15 juillet 1847, décédé le 23 décembre 1916) est un peintre et un illustrateur américain d origine française, spécialisé dans la description des Indiens d Amérique. Biographie La… … Wikipédia en Français
Maler des Impressionismus — Folgende Maler sind dem Impressionismus zuzuordnen: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frankreich 2 Belgien 3 Dänemark 4 Deutschland 5 Finnland 6 Großbritannien … Deutsch Wikipedia