Sikh scriptures

The principal Sikh scripture is the Adi Granth (First Scripture), more commonly called the Guru Granth Sahib. The Sikhs do not regard this as their "holy book" but as their perpetual and current "Guru", Guide or Master. It was called Adi Granth until Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth and final Guru in human form conferred on it the title of the Guru in 1708, after which it was called Sri Guru Granth Sahib or Guru Granth Sahib, for short. The Granth has 1430 pages and is divided into 39 chapters. All copies are exactly alike. The Sikhs are forbidden from making any changes to the text within this Scripture.

This Granth is the only world religious scripture which was compiled during the life time of its founder. All other world scriptures were compiled many years after the death of the prophet. The Guru Granth Sahib was compiled by Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs. The work of compilation was started in 1601 and finished in 1604. The Granth, called by Guru Arjan as "Pothi Sahib", was installed at Harmandir Sahib (House of God) with much celebration.


The main banis found here are:
# Japji Sahib
## Mool Mantar
## Salok
# Shabad Hazaray
# Anand Sahib
# Rehras Sahib (less the Benti Chaupai)
# Kirtan Sohila
# Sukhmani Sahib
# Asa di Var


The following languages are found in this Granth:
* Punjabi - many Sikh Gurus, Bhagat (saint) Sheikh Farid and others
* Sindhi - Guru Arjan
* Sanskrit - Guru Nanak, Guru Arjan and others
* Lehndi or Western Punjabi - Guru Arjan
* Gujrati and Marathi - Bhagat Namdev and Trilochan
* Western Hindi - Bhagat Kabir
* Eastern Hindi - Court poets
* Eastern Apabhramshas - Bhagat Jaidev
* Influence of Arabic and Persian - Bhagat Namdev

The first published translation of the Guru Granth Sahib into Sindhi was done in 1959 by Mr. Jethanand B. Lalwani of Bharat Jivan Publications. He used his entire personal savings and was able to produce only 500 copies. Lalwani later took out loans to make a reprint in 1963.

Dasam Granth

This is regarded as the second holiest book of the Sikhs and is called the Dasam Granth - the book of the tenth Guru. The Granth was compiled three years after the Guru’s death and it was Mata Sundri the widow of the Guru who asked Bhai Mani Singh, a contemporary of the Guru, to collect all the hymns composed by the Guru and prepare a Granth of the Guru. It was completed in 1711. In its present form it contains 1428 pages and 16 chapters as listed below:

* Jaap (meditation)
* Bichitra Natak ( autobiography of the Guru)
* Akal Ustat (praises of God)
* Chandi Charitar I & II (the character of goddess Chandi)
* Chandi di Var (a ballad to describe goddess Durga)
* "Gian Prabodh" (the awakening of knowledge)
* "Chaubis Avtar" (24 incarnations of Vishnu ordered by Supreme God)
* Brahm Avtar (incarnation of Brahma)
* Rudar Avtar (incarnation of Shiva)
* Shabad Hazare (ten shabads)
* Swayyae (33 stanzas)
* Khalsa Mehma (the praises of the Khalsa)
* Shaster Nam Mala ( a list of weapons)
* Triya Charitar (the character of women)
* Zafarnama (epistle of victory, a letter written to Emperor Aurangzeb)
* Hikayats. (stories)

The following are the main banis regularly recited by Sikhs:

# Gur Mantar
# Jaap Sahib"
# Benti Chaupai
# Amrit Savaiye

The languages used in the Granth are:

* Braj
* Hindi
* Panjabi
* Persian

Bhai Gurdas Varan

Varan Bhai Gurdas is the name given to the 40 Varan (Chapters) of writing by Bhai Gurdas ji. They have been referred to as the "Key to the Sri Guru Granth Sahib" by Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Sikh Guru. He was the first scribe of Guru Granth Sahib and a scholar of great repute. From his work its clear that he had mastery of various Indian languages and had studied many ancient Indian religious scriptures.

Each of the 40 chapters of "Varan Bhai Gurdas" consists of a differing number of Pauris (sections, paragraphs). The composition is a collection of detailed commentary and explanation of theology and the ethics of Sikh beliefs as outlined by the Gurus. It explains the Sikh terms like sangat, haumai, "Gun", Gurmukh and Manmukh, Sat, Naam, etc. Many of the principles of Sikhism are explained in simple terms by Bhai Sahib and at times in many different ways.

Other Scriptures

* Bhai Nandlal's Work
* Bhai Gurdas Kabits Savaiyas
* Hukamnamas of the Gurus

External links

* [ Gurbani]
* [ Sri Dasam Granth Report & Contents]
* []
* [ Sri Dasam Granth Sahib ji Website]
* []
* []
* [ Gurudwara.Net] Online Guru Granth Sahib with Hindi, Punjabi and English translation.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sikh Philosophy Network — The Sikh Philosophy Network [] or SPN is a public discussion forum with a social networking format. It was founded in 2004 with the goal of creating an online context for philosophical discussions of the Sikh religion and the …   Wikipedia

  • Sikh terms — The following list consists of concepts that are derived from both Sikh and Indian tradition. The main purpose of this list is to disambiguate multiple spellings, to make note of spellings no longer in use for these concepts, to define the… …   Wikipedia

  • Sikh — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Die Sikh Religion (Punjabi Sikhī, ਸਿੱਖੀ) ist eine im 15.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sikh-Religion — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Die Sikh Religion (Punjabi Sikhī, ਸਿੱਖੀ) ist eine im 15.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sikh — (im Sanskrit Ciksha, »Jünger«), religiose Sekte in Britisch Indien, vornehmlich Dschat (s. d.), denen sich wahrscheinlich Sudra der niedrigsten Kasten, Radschputen und Mohammedaner anschlossen. Von ihrer (1901) 2,195,339 Kopfe betragenden… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sikh — Infobox Ethnic group group=Sikhs ਸਿੱਖ flag caption = The Nishan Sahib, flag of the Sikhs population = 25,000,000 (25 million) [cite web title = Has India put the U.S. India ‘Nukes for mangoes’ publisher = Panthic Weekly url =… …   Wikipedia

  • Sikh holocaust of 1746 (Chhotaa Ghallooghaaraa) — The Chhōṭā Ghallūghārā (Punjabi: ਛੋਟਾ ਘੱਲੂਘਾਰਾ, IPA: [tʃʰoʈɑ kə̀lːugɑ̀ɾɑ]) was a massacre of a significant proportion of the Sikh population by Muslims during the waning years of the Mughal Empire. Chhotaa Ghallooghaaraa is Punjabi for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Sikhism — (: ] Guru Nanak Dev Ji described God s revelation the path to salvation with terms such as nām (the divine Name ) and śabad (the divine Word) to emphasise the totality of the revelation. Nanak designated the word guru (meaning teacher ) as the… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Sikhism — The history of Sikhism is closely associated with the history of Punjab, the socio political situation in medieval India, and the social structures and philosophies of Hinduism and Sufism. Guru Nanak Guru Nanak Dev (1469 ndash;1538), founder of… …   Wikipedia

  • Guru Granth Sahib — The Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji ( pa. ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ, IAST|gurū granth sāhib ), or Guru Granth Sahib, is the eleventh and eternal Guru of the Sikhs.cite book last = Keene first = Michael title = Online Worksheets publisher = Nelson Thornes date =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.