1783

Year 1783 (MDCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1783

January - June


* February 3 - American Revolutionary War: Britain recognizes United States independence.
* February 4
**American Revolutionary War: Great Britain formally declares that it will cease hostilities with the United States of America.
**An earthquake in Calabria, Italy, leaves 50,000 dead.
* March 5 - Last celebration of Massacre Day.
* April 15 - Preliminary articles of peace ending the American Revolutionary War are ratified.
* May 18 - Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada - The first United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown.
* June 4 or June 5 - The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrate their "montgolfière" (hot air balloon) in Annonay, France.
* June 8 - The volcano Laki, in Iceland, begins an 8-month eruption which kills 9,350 people and starts a 7-year famine. The eruption causes deaths of livestock when they eat contaminated grass and also widespread crop failure. : Effects of the Laki volcano were felt all over Europe. New evidence has been unearthed to conclude that this was one of "the greatest environmental catastrophies in European History".

July - December


* July 16 - Grants of land in Canada to American loyalists are announced.
* July 24 - The Treaty of Georgievsk is signed between the Imperial Russia and the Kingdom of Kartli and Kakheti (Georgia).
* August 5 - Mount Asama erupts, causing turmoil in Edo period Japan.
* September 3 - American Revolutionary War - Treaty of Paris: A treaty between the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain is signed in Paris, ending the war.
* September 9 - Dickinson College was chartered in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
* October 3 - The Waterford Glassware Factory begins production in Waterford City, Ireland.
* November 2 - In Rocky Hill, New Jersey, US General George Washington gives his "Farewell Address to the Army".
* November 21 - In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent, marquis d'Arlandes, make the first untethered hot air balloon flight (flight time: 25 minutes, Maximum height: 5* miles).
* November 24 - In Spain, the "Cedula of Population" is signed, stating that anyone who will swear fealty to Spain, and is of the Roman Catholic faith, is welcome to populate Trinidad and Tobago.
* November 25 - American Revolutionary War: The last British troops leave New York City 3 months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
* December 4 - At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, U.S. General George Washington formally bids his officers farewell.

Undated

* The city of Sevastopol is founded on the Crimean peninsula of the Russian Empire.
* United Empire Loyalists flee to Canada from the new United States.
* The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending hostilities between the Franco-Spanish Alliance and England.
* Loyalists from New York settle Great Abaco in the Bahamas.
* Ireland's last grey wolf is killed.
* Spanish government refuses to grant diplomatic recognition to the USA.

Births


* January 20 - Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (d. 1860)
* January 23 - Stendhal, French writer (d. 1842)
* March 8 - Hannah Van Buren (d. 1819)
* April 3 - Washington Irving, American author (d. 1859)
* July 24 - Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan patriot, revolutionary leader and statesman (d. 1830)
* September 17 - Samuel Prout, English painter (d. 1852)
*"date unknown"
**Karl Wilhelm Gottlob Kastner, German chemist (d. 1857)
**Nadezhda Durova, First female Russian army officer (d. 1866)

: "See also ."

Deaths


* January 7 - William Tans'ur, English hymnist (b. 1700)
* February 6 - Capability Brown, English landscape gardener (b. 1716)
* March 23 - Charles Carroll, American lawyer and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1723)
* March 30 - William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (b. 1718)
* March 31 - Nikita Ivanovich Panin, Russian statesman (b. 1718)
* April 16
**Benedict Joseph Labre, French saint (b. 1745)
**Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (b. 1719)
* May 23 - James Otis, American lawyer and patriot (b. 1725)
* September 18
**Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician and physicist (b. 1707)
**Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar (b. 1718)
* October 29 - Jean le Rond d'Alembert, French mathematician (b. 1717)
* November 22 - John Hanson, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1715)
* November 23 - Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (b. 1714)
* December 13 - Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (b. 1717)
* December 16 - William James, British naval commander (b. 1720)

: "See also ."


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