International Wheelchair Basketball Federation
The International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF) is the international governing body for the sport of
wheelchair basketball. IWBF is recognized by the International Paralympic Committee(IPC) as the sole competent authority in wheelchair basketball world wide. International Basketball Federation (or FIBA) has recognized IWBF under Article 53 of its General Statutes.
1973, the International Stoke Mandeville Games Federation (ISMGF) established the first Sub-section for wheelchair basketball. At that time ISMGF was the world governing body for all wheelchair sports. In 1989, ISMGFaccepted the name International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF) for its former sub-section. With this step wheelchair basketball began its journey for full independence and in 1993IWBF was established as the world body for wheelchair basketball with full responsibility for development of the sport. Over the next five years IWBF membership grew in size and the federation configured itself into 4 geographical zones.
IWBF studied several models before creating its current zone structure. Based on the number of National Organizations for Wheelchair Basketball (NOWB) with active programs at the national and international level it was decided that IWBF Americas and IWBF Europe could be the same as
FIBA Americaand FIBA Europe. However, because of the limited number of countries with active programs in the rest of the world, IWBF chose to combine some regions to create better developmental and competitive opportunities within the zone. As a result, the last two zones of IWBF are IWBF Asia Oceania and IWBF Africa.
As of 2003, IWBF has 76 NOWB actively participating in
wheelchair basketballthroughout the world with this number increasing each year.
IWBF is governed by an
Executive Councilthat is elected at the World Congress every four years. Philip Craven( Great Britain) who had served as Chairperson of the ISMGF wheelchair basketball Section since 1988 was elected to be the first President of IWBF in 1993.
2001Mr. Craven was elected to the position of President of the International Paralympic Committee(IPC) and retired as president of IWBF at the World Congress in 2002. Mrs. Maureen Orchard ( Canada) was elected as only the second president of IWBF at that same World Congress in Kitakyushu, Japanin 2002.
Wheelchair basketball national organizations around the world
Wheelchair basketball national organizations have developed in a variety of ways. Most started out the same way as IWBF, as a sub-section of a national wheelchair sport organization. As IWBF matured so did many of its member organizations and now there are several models that IWBF embraces within its membership. In
Mexicothe wheelchair basketball organizations are a part of their National Paralympic Committee(NPC). Australia is part of the Australian Wheelchair Athletes Ltd., and others are under the umbrella of a National Disabled Federation such as Bahrainwho are part of the Bahrain Disabled Sports Federation. In the Netherlandswheelchair basketball is fully integrated into the Nederlandse Basketball Bondand in Canada the Canadian Wheelchair Basketball Associationis fully independent. In all cases where a member is part of a larger federation the IWBF only recognizes the part of that federation responsible for wheelchair basketball.
Canadian Wheelchair Basketball Association
*US - National Wheelchair Basketball Association
Australian Wheelchair Athletes Ltd.
*Mexican - National National Paralympic Committee
Bahrain Disabled Sports Federation
*Holland - Nederlandse Basketball Bond
Wheelchair Basketball World Championship
* [http://www.iwbf.org/ International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF)]
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