- Satu Mare
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = ROU
map_caption = Location of Satu Mare
Satu Mare County
settlement_type= County capital|
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania
Satu Mare (pronunciation in Romanian: IPA|/'sa.tu 'ma.re/; meaning "Big Village" in Romanian; _hu. Szatmárnémeti; _de. Sathmar; _yi. סאטמאר "(Satmar)") is a
citywith a population of 115,142 and the capital of Satu Mare County, Romania.
Satu Mare city is situated in the
Satu Mare County, in North- West Romania, on the Someşriver, 13 km from the border with Hungaryand 27 km from the border with Ukraine.
Satu Mare has a total population of 115,142; the ethnic breakdown is as follows:
*Roma: (0.96%)and 480 others.
The city day is
May 14, which commemorates the devastating floods that affected the city in 1970, although it is also a day of rebirth.
Archaeological evidence from Ţara Oaşului,
Ardud, Medieşu Aurit, Homorod, etc. clearly shows settlements in the area dating to the Stone Ageand the Bronze Age. There is also evidence that the local Dacian population remained there after the Roman conquest in 101/106 AD. Later, these lands formed part of Menumorut's holdings; one of the defensive citadels dating to the 10th century was at Satu Mare ("Castrum Zotmar"), as mentioned in the " Gesta Hungarorum". The city centre - "Villa Zotmar" - was inhabited by natives, but Teutonic colonists settled on the periphery, brought there in 1006 by Queen Giselle of Bavaria; later, they were joined by German colonists from beyond the Someş River, in Mintiu.cite web |url=http://www.satu-mare.ro/despre/istorie.html.en |publisher= Satu Mare City Hall |title= History of Satu Mare City |accessdate=2008-08-02]
In 1543, the
Báthoryfamily took possession of the citadel, proceeding to divert the Someş' waters in order to defend the southern part of the citadel; thus, the fortress remained on an island linked to the main roads by three bridges over the Someş. In 1562 the citadel was besieged by Ottoman armies led by pasha Ibrahim of Budaand pasha Maleoci of Timişoara. Then the Habsburgsbesieged it, leading the fleeing Transylvanian armies to set it on fire. The Austrian general Lazar Schwendi ordered the citadel to be rebuilt after the plans of Italian architect Ottavio Baldigara; using an Italian system of fortifications, the new structure would be pentagonal with five towers. In the Middle Ages, Satu Mare and Mintiu were two distinct entities, but between 1712 and 1715 the two gradually united their administration. On 2 January 1721 Emperor Charles VI recognised the union, at the same time granting Satu Mare the status of free royal city.
Due to the economic and commercial benefits it began to receive in the 13th century, Satu Mare became an important centre for craft guilds. In the 18th century, intense urbanisation began; several buildings survive from that period, including the old city hall, the inn, a barracks, the Greek Catholic church and the Reformed church. A Roman Catholic diocese was established there in 1804. In 1823, the city's systematization commission was established in order to direct its local government. In 1844, paving operations begun in 1805 were stepped up. The first industrial concerns also opened, including the steam mill, the brick factory, the Neuschloss Factory for wood products, the lumber factory, the Princz Factory and the Unio Factory. Due to its location at the intersection of commercial roads, Satu Mare (then called "Szatmárnémeti") became and important rail hub. The Satu Mare - Nagykároly line was built in 1871, followed in 1872 by the Satu Mare - Máramarossziget line, an 1894 link to Nagybánya, 1900 to Erdőd and 1906 to Bikszád.
In 1918, as a result of the
Union of Transylvania with Romania, Satu Mare ceased to be part of Austria-Hungaryand joined the Kingdom of Romania. It underwent important economic and socio-cultural changes. The city's large companies (the Unio wagon factory, the Princz Factory, the Ardeleana textile enterprise, the Freund petroleum refinery, the brick factory and the furniture factory) prospered in this period, and the city invested heavily in communication lines, schools, hospitals, public works and public parks. The banking and commerce system also developed: in 1929 the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, as well as the commodities stock market, were established. 25 commercial enterprises and 75 industrial and production firms were members of these. In 1930 there were 33 banks.
In 1940, the
Second Vienna Awardgave Northern Transylvania, including Satu Mare, to Hungary, leading to dramatic changes in the socio-political and economic life of the city, such as the extermination of its considerable Jewish population as part of the Holocaust. In October 1944, the city was retaken. Soon afterwards, a Communist regime came to power, lasting until the 1989 revolution.
There are two main football clubs in Satu Mare: Olimpia and Someşul both playing in the
Romanian Liga III. There are two football stadiums in Satu Mare: Stadionul Olimpiawith 20,000 seats and Someşul Stadium with 3,000 seats.
Satu Mare benefits from its proximity to the borders with
Hungaryand Ukraine, which makes it a prime location for logistical and industrial parks.
The most important companies that have established production facilities in Satu Mare are
Electrolux, Voestalpine, Dräxlmaier Group, Continental AG, Woco Group, Schlemmer, Casco, Phoenix AG, Hay Automobiltechnikand Zollner Elektronik in the industrial sector, Frieslandin the food sector, Steilmannin the textile sector and Saint-Gobainand Boissignyin the wood industry.
The German company
Arcandorhas its main Romanian office established in Satu Mare.
Satu Mare's retail sector is very developed; a number of international companies such as
Profi, Real, Kaufland, Billa and Interex have supermarkets or hypermarkets in the city. There is also a DIY store, a Praktiker, and two malls. The smaller one, Plaza Europa, has a surface area of about 6000 m²; the larger one, Someşul, is some 12,000 m² in area.
There is also an
industrial parkcalled Satu Mare Industrial parklocated at the edge of the city on a 63 hasurface.
Satu Mare is served by the
Satu Mare International Airportlocated 5 km south of the city.
Major tourists attractions are:
*Turnul pompierilor (Fireman's Tower) a 45
*Biserica cu lanturi (the Chain Church);
Administrative Palace, Satu Marea 97 mtall building;
There are several hotels in the city, including one 4 star hotel
Villa Bodi, eleven 3 star hotels Astoria, Leon, Villa Lux, Dacia, Aurora, Dana I, Dana II, Select, Rania, Melody, Belvedereand one 2 star hotel: Sport.
Ioan Mircea Paşcu
Ovidiu Ioan Silaghi
Moshe Dovid Winternitz
Satmar (Hasidic dynasty)
* [http://www.satu-mare.ro Satu Mare - official site]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Satu Mare — Vue générale de la ville … Wikipédia en Français
Satu-Mare — Sathmar Szatmárnémeti … Deutsch Wikipedia
Satu Mare — Sathmar Szatmárnémeti … Deutsch Wikipedia
Satu Mare — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Satu Mare Escudo … Wikipedia Español
SATU-MARE — (Hung. Szatmárnémeti or Szatmár, also called Sakmér), city in Satu Mare province, N.W. Romania; until World War I and between 1940 and 1944, part of Hungary. There is sporadic mention of the presence of Jews in or passing through Satu Mare in the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Satu Mare — 1 Original name in latin Satu Mare Name in other language Satu Mare, Satu Mare, Satul Mare, Сату Маре State code RO Continent/City Europe/Bucharest longitude 47.83333 latitude 26.01667 altitude 337 Population 4091 Date 2012 06 12 2 Original name… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Satu Mare — Sp Sãtu Mãrė Ap Satu Mare rumuniškai Sp Sátmaras Ap Szatmar vengriškai L aps. c., ŠV Rumunija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Satu Mare — ▪ Romania Hungarian Szatmár Németi, or Szatmár city, northwestern Romania. It lies on the northeastern fringe of the Great Hungarian Plain, on the right bank of the Someş River, 8 miles (13 km) from the Hungarian border and 17 miles (27 … Universalium
Satu Mare — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Satu Mare Country and Admin Code RO.32 RO … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Satu Mare — ► Distrito del NO de Rumania, fronterizo con Hungría y Ucrania; 4 405 km2 y 418 000 h. Cap., Satu … Enciclopedia Universal