Whitby Abbey is a ruined
Benedictine abbeysited on Whitby's East Cliff in North Yorkshireon the north-east coast of England.
The stark and magnificent ruins of Whitby Abbey are much more than a spectacular clifftop landmark. Generations have been drawn to this dramatic headland as a site of settlement, religious devotion and literary inspiration
It was founded in
657AD by the Anglo-Saxon King of Northumbria, Oswy(Oswiu) as Streoneshalh (the historical name of the town Whitbywhere the abbey is located). He appointed Lady Hilda, abbess of Hartlepool Abbeyand niece of Edwinthe first Christian king of Northumbria, as founding Abbess. The name Streoneshalh is thought to signify "Fort Bay" or "Tower Bay" in reference to a supposed Roman settlement that previously existed on the site. This contention has never been proven though and alternate theories have been proposed, such as the name meaning "Streona's settlement"; a reference to Eadric Streona. This is highly unlikely though due to chronological considerations: Streona died in 1017so the naming of Streoneshalh would have preceded his birth by several hundred years.
monasteryof Benedictinemonks and nuns was also home to the great Saxon poet Caedmon. In 664, the abbey was the site of the Synod of Whitby, at which King Oswiu ruled that the Northumbrian Church would adopt the Roman calculation of Easter and monastic tonsure.
867, the abbey fell to Vikingattack, and was abandoned. William de Percy ordered that the abbey be refounded ( 1078) by Regenfrith (Reinferd) a soldier monk, dedicating it to St. Peter and St. Hilda. Later it became Presteby (meaning the habitation of Priests in Old Norse) then Hwytby; next Whiteby, (meaning the "white settlement" in Old Norse, probably from the colour of the houses) and finally Whitby.
The second monastery lasted until it was destroyed by Henry VIII in
1540. The abbey buildings fell into ruins, and were mined for stone, but remained a prominent landmark for sailors and helped inspire Bram Stoker's " Dracula".
* [http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/whitbyabbey/ Information About Whitby Abbey]
* [http://www.whitby-yorkshire.co.uk/abbey/abbey.htm History of Whitby Abbey]
* [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/NRY/Whitby/WhitbyHistory.html Whitby History]
* [http://www.wilfrid.com/images/whitby1.jpgAnother view of Whitby Abbey (taken by Peter Green)]
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Whitby, Abbey of — • Formerly called Streoneshalh. A Benedictine monastery in the North Riding of Yorkshire, England, founded about 657, as a double monastery, by Oswy, King of Northumberland Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
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Abbey of Whitby — Abbey of Whitby † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Abbey of Whitby (Formerly called Streoneshalh). A Benedictine monastery in the North Riding of Yorkshire, England, was founded about 657, as a double monastery, by Oswy, King of Northumberland … Catholic encyclopedia
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Whitby — /hwit bee, wit /, n. 1. a port in SE Ontario, in S Canada, on Lake Ontario. 36,698. 2. a seaport in E North Yorkshire, in NE England: ruins of an abbey; church council A.D. 664. 12,717. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom town, borough of… … Universalium
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