Daiquiri

Daiquirí
IBA Official Cocktail
Daiquirí garnished with lime
Type Cocktail
Primary alcohol by volume
Served Straight up; without ice
Standard drinkware
Cocktail Glass (Martini).svg
Cocktail glass
IBA specified ingredients*
  • 45ml (9 parts) White rum
  • 20ml (4 parts) lime juice
  • 5ml (1 part) Gomme syrup
Preparation Pour all ingredients into shaker with ice cubes. Shake well. Strain in chilled cocktail glass.

Daiquiri (play /ˈdækər/; Spanish: daiquirí [dajkiˈɾi]) is a family of cocktails whose main ingredients are rum, lime juice, and sugar or other sweetener.[1] There are several versions, but those that gained international fame are the ones made in the El Floridita bar[2] in Havana, Cuba.

The Daiquirí is one of six basic drinks listed in David A. Embury's classic The Fine Art of Mixing Drinks. In the book, he also suggests some variations.

A recently more well-known version of the daiquiri is the Caipirinha, a daiquiri made using cachaça, Brazilian sugarcane rum.[citation needed]

Contents

Origins

The name Daiquirí is also the name of a beach near Santiago, Cuba, and an iron mine in that area, and it is a word of Taíno origin.[3] The cocktail was supposedly invented about 1900 in a bar named Venus in Santiago, about 23 miles (37 km) east of the mine, by a group of American mining engineers. Among the engineers present were Jennings Cox, General Manager of the Spanish American Iron Co., J. Francis Linthicum, C. Manning Combs, George W. Pfeiffer, De Berneire Whitaker, C. Merritt Holmes and Proctor O. Persing. Although stories persist that Cox invented the drink when he ran out of gin while entertaining American guests, the drink evolved naturally due to the prevalence of lime and sugar.

Originally the drink was served in a tall glass packed with cracked ice. A teaspoon of sugar was poured over the ice and the juice of one or two limes was squeezed over the sugar. Two or three ounces of rum completed the mixture. The glass was then frosted by stirring with a long-handled spoon. Later the Daiquirí evolved to be mixed in a shaker with the same ingredients but with shaved ice. After a thorough shaking, it was poured into a chilled flute glass. An article in the March 14, 1937 edition of the Miami Herald as well as private correspondence of J.F. Linthicum confirm the recipe and early history.[citation needed]

Consumption of the drink remained localized until 1909, when Admiral Lucius W. Johnson, a U.S. Navy medical officer, tried Cox's drink. Johnson subsequently introduced it to the Army and Navy Club in Washington, D.C., and drinkers of the daiquirí increased over the space of a few decades. The daiquirí was one of the favorite drinks of writer Ernest Hemingway and president John F. Kennedy.[4]

The drink became popular in the 1940s.[citation needed] Wartime rationing made whiskey, vodka, etc., hard to come by, yet because of Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy (which opened up trade and travel relations with Latin America, Cuba and the Caribbean), rum was easily obtainable. The Good Neighbor Policy (also known as 'The Pan-American program'), helped make Latin America seem fashionable. Consequently, rum-based drinks (once frowned upon as being the domain of sailors and down-and-outs), also became fashionable, and the Daiquirí saw a tremendous rise in popularity in the US.

The basic recipe for a Daiquirí is also similar to the grog British sailors drank aboard ship from the 1740s onwards. By 1795 the Royal Navy daily grog ration contained rum, water, ¾ ounce of lemon or lime juice, and 2 ounces of sugar.[5] This was a common drink across the Caribbean, and as soon as ice became available this was included instead of the water. Jennings Cox's story is certainly a popular one and maybe he was responsible for the naming of the drink, but as far as creating it he was about 150 years late.

Variations

  • Daiquirí Floridita – with maraschino liqueur, created by Constantino Ribalaigua Vert at El Floridita.[citation needed]
  • Hemingway Daiquirí, or Papa Doble – two and a half jiggers of white rum, juice of two limes and half a grapefruit, six drops of maraschino liqueur, without sugar, served frozen.[6]
  • Banana Daiquiri, regular daiquiri with a half a banana.[7]
  • Red Irish Daiquiri – a frozen strawberry daiquiri made with spiced rum and a shot of Irish Cream added to the blender. Originated in Portland, Oregon.
  • Janis Daiquiri - with Jose Cuervo tequila substituted for rum.
  • Strawberry daiquiri - regular with strawberry added

Frozen daiquirí

A wide variety of alcoholic mixed drinks made with finely pulverized ice are often called frozen daiquiris. These drinks can also be combined and poured into a blender eliminating the need for manual pulverization. Such drinks are often commercially made in machines which produce a texture similar to a smoothie, and come in a wide variety of flavors made with various alcohol or liquors. Another way to create a frozen daiquiri (mostly fruit-flavored variants) is by using frozen limeade, providing the required texture, sweetness and sourness all at once.[8]
Variations on the frozen daiquiri.[9]

  • The Old Rose Daiquiri, which features strawberry syrup and rum along with two teaspoons of sugar and lime juice.
  • The Daiquiri Mulata featuring rum and coffee liqueur.

See also

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Daiquiri — Le daiquiri est un cocktail dont les ingrédients principaux sont le rhum, le jus de lime et le sucre ou un autre édulcorant. Il aurait été créé en 1896 par Jennings S. Cox, un ingénieur américain travaillant dans une mine de fer nommée Daiquiri,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Daiquiri — Strawberry Daiquiri Der Daiquiri ist e …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • daiquiri — daiquirí o daiquiri ‘Cóctel hecho con zumo de limón, ron y azúcar’. La acentuación etimológica es daiquirí, ya que el nombre de esta bebida procede del barrio de Daiquirí, situado en el municipio cubano de El Caney. Esta forma aguda se conserva… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Daiquiri — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Daiquirí se puede referir a Daiquirí un cóctel de origen cubano Daiquirí una playa al este de Santiago de Cuba Daiquirí grupo musical venezolano de la década de los ochenta Obtenido de Daiquiri Categoría:… …   Wikipedia Español

  • daïquiri — [ dajkiri ] n. m. • 1954, répandu v. 1973; mot angl. amér., du nom d un quartier de Cuba ♦ Cocktail fait de rhum blanc, de citron vert et de sucre. Des daïquiris. ● daiquiri nom masculin (mot américain) Punch au rhum blanc. daïquiri [dajkiʀi]… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • daiquiri — n. an alcoholic beverage containing rum and lime or lemon juice, usually mixed with a fruit juice or fruit extract and often blended with crushed ice; as, a strawberry daiquiri. Syn: rum cocktail. [WordNet 1.5 +PJC] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • daiquiri — (n.) type of alcoholic drink, 1920 (first recorded in F. Scott Fitzgerald), from Daiquiri, name of a district or village in eastern Cuba …   Etymology dictionary

  • daiquiri — (De Daiquiri, barrio del municipio cubano de El Caney). m. Cóctel preparado con zumo de limón, ron y azúcar …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • daiquiri — ☆ daiquiri [dak′ər ē; ] also [ dīk′ər ē ] n. [after Daiquirí, village in E Cuba, source of the rum first used in this drink] a cocktail made of rum, sugar, and lime or lemon juice …   English World dictionary

  • Daiquirí — For other uses, see Daiquiri. Daiquirí (Spanish pronunciation: [daikiˈɾi]) is a small village, 14 miles east of Santiago de Cuba. It became a focal point of the United States invasion of Cuba in the Spanish American War. Ame …   Wikipedia


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