Maurice Manning

Maurice Manning (born 14 June 1943) is a former Irish Fine Gael politician. Manning was a member of the Oireachtas (Irish Parliament) for 21 years, serving in both the Dáil and the Seanad. Since August 2002 he has been President of the Irish Human Rights Commission. On 12 March 2009 he was elected Chancellor of the National University of Ireland, remaining President of the Human Rights Commission.

Contents

Early life

Manning was born in Muine Bheag, County Carlow, and educated at Delasallian schools in Bagenalstown. He attended Rockwell College, University College Dublin (UCD) and the University of Strathclyde. He earned a BA, MA and a DLitt from University College Dublin.[1] An academic by background, Manning previously lectured in the politics department of UCD. He is a member of the Senate of the National University of Ireland and of the Governing Authority of UCD, and was a member of the Governing Authority of the European University Institute at Florence. He has written several books on modern Irish politics, including a biography of a former Fine Gael leader,[2] a political novel[3] and an authoritative history of the Blueshirts movement.[4]

Political career

Manning first stood for election in 1979, as a Fine Gael candidate for the Dublin constituency at the first European Parliament election, when he did not win a seat. He was unsuccessful again when he stood at the 1981 general election in the Dublin North East constituency,[5] but was then elected on the Cultural and Educational Panel to the 15th Seanad.[6]

At the February 1982 Dáil election, he stood again in Dublin North East, winning a seat in the 23rd Dáil Éireann. He retained his seat in November 1982, but was defeated in the 1987 general election. He stood again in Dublin North East at the 1987 and 1989 general election, and in Dublin South at the 1992 general election, but never returned to the Dáil.[citation needed]

After his 1987 defeat, he was elected to the 18th Seanad, again on the Cultural and Educational Panel, and was re-elected three more times until he did not contest the 2002 election to the 22nd Seanad, when Fine Gael chose not to nominate him.[citation needed] After the 2002 general election, Manning had initially announced his intention to stand down, but when Enda Kenny was elected as party leader, he stayed on. However, after the loss of 20 Dáil seats in 2002 the party's nominating committee chose to prioritise candidates who could challenge for Dáil seats at the next election, and he was not nominated. It was reported that this may have been related to a dispute with the Fine Gael Chairman, Senator Padraic McCormack, whom Manning had threatened to challenge for the chairmanship.[7]

In the early 1980s Manning was a member of the New Ireland Forum and later of the British-Irish Inter-Parliamentary Body. He served as Leader of the Seanad from 1995 to 1997,[6] and as Leader of the Opposition in the Seanad from 1997 to 2002.

Human Rights Commission

As president of the Irish Human Rights Commission, he has represented it since October 2006 in two successive two-year terms when the IHRC has chaired the European Group of National Human Rights Institutions.[8] The IHRC has also represented the European Group within the Bureau of the International Co-ordinating Committee of National Human Rights Institutions (ICC),[9] the global network of NHRIs closely associated with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.

References

  1. ^ Profile at UCD website
  2. ^ Maurice Manning, James Dillon: A Biography (Dublin: Wolfhound Press, 2000) ISBN 0-86327-823-X.
  3. ^ Maurice Manning, Betrayal (Dublin: Blackwater Press, 1997).
  4. ^ Maurice Manning, The Blueshirts (Dublin: Gill & Macmillan Ltd, 2006).
  5. ^ "People: Maurice Manning". ElectionsIreland.org. http://www.electionsireland.org/candidate.cfm?ID=3238. Retrieved 2008-01-15. 
  6. ^ a b "Mr. Maurice Manning". Oireachtas Members Database. http://oireachtas.ie/members-hist/default.asp?housetype=1&HouseNum=21&MemberID=1953&ConstID=204. Retrieved 2008-01-15. 
  7. ^ "Quidnunc". The Irish Times. 29 June 2002. http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/weekend/2002/0629/1017357835951.html. Retrieved 2008-01-15. 
  8. ^ "Dr. Maurice Manning elected to chair the European Group of NHRIs". National Human Rights Institutions Forum. 20 October 2006. http://www.nhri.net/news.asp?ID=1077. Retrieved 2008-01-15. 
  9. ^ "International Coordinating Committee of National Human Rights Institutions". National Human Rights Institutions Forum. http://www.nhri.net/default.asp?PID=85&DID=0. Retrieved 2008-01-15. 

Sources

External links


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