Kajaani — Town — Kajaanin kaupunki
Coat of arms
Finland Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Finland Region Kainuu Sub-region Kajaani sub-region Charter 1651 Government – Town manager Jari Tolonen Area(2011-01-01) – Total 2,264.01 km2 (874.1 sq mi) – Land 1,835.07 km2 (708.5 sq mi) – Water 428.94 km2 (165.6 sq mi) Area rank 33rd largest in Finland Population (2011-01-31) – Total 38,137 – Rank 28th largest in Finland – Density 20.78/km2 (53.8/sq mi) Population by native language – Finnish 97.7% (official) – Swedish 0.1% – Others 2.2% Population by age – 0 to 14 16.7% – 15 to 64 66.4% – 65 or older 16.9% Time zone EET (UTC+2) – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Municipal tax rate 20% Website www.kajaani.fi
It is the capital of the Kainuu region. It is located southeast of Oulujärvi (Lake Oulu), which drains to the Gulf of Bothnia along the Oulujoki (river Oulu). There are 38,137 (31 January 2011) inhabitants and city surface area is 2,264.01 square kilometres (874.14 sq mi) of which 428.94 km2 (165.61 sq mi) is water. The population density is 20.78 inhabitants per square kilometre (53.8 /sq mi) . The town is unilingually Finnish.
Kajaani was founded in 1651 as one of the Finnish cities founded by the Governor General of Finland, Per Brahe. At that time, the Kainuu region—as wood country—was an important producer of tar derived from pine, and the tar trade was its major industry. The barrels of tar were shipped to Oulujärvi and then along Oulujoki to Oulu on the Bothnian coast of the Baltic sea. From there, tar was shipped to continental Europe, where it was used as a sealant and an anti-rot agent for ship hulls.
One famous historical monument in Kajaani are the ruins of Kajaani Castle, located on an island in River Kajaani in the centre of the city. The castle was originally built in 1604 and completed in 1666. The castle served as an administrative centre, prison, military base and a refuge for the citizens.
During the Greater Wrath in the 18th century the castle was forced to surrender to Russian forces. The Russians blew the castle up in March 1716 and it has been in ruins ever since. Today, the ruins are especially popular among children who like to explore the dark, twisty little passages and have fantasy adventures.
In the beginning of 20th century Kajaani industrialized step by step and the city begun growing especially after a railroad connection southward to Iisalmi and further to Helsinki and St Petersburg was established. The growth of population was strongest just after the Second World War. The population has been decreasing since mid-1990s.
In 1977 the separate rural municipality of Kajaani, Kajaanin maalaiskunta, and Kajaani were consolidated to form the City of Kajaani. The town, in addition to railroad and road connections, is served by a Finnair-operated air connection to Helsinki, during the summer twice daily and three times a day during the winter schedule period. Kajaani Airport, located in the Paltaniemi area, close to central Kajaani, is maintained and operated by Finavia, also serving the needs of non-commercial general aviation.
Vuolijoki was consolidated with Kajaani in the beginning of 2007.
Kajaani lies within the subarctic climate zone, but the proximity of the Baltic Sea and warm airflows from the Atlantic result in a much milder climate than many locations in this latitude. Summers are cool and in winter, temperature can drop below −30 °C.
Climate data for Kajaani Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 6
Average high °C (°F) −8
Average low °C (°F) −14
Record low °C (°F) −41
Precipitation mm (inches) 19.1
Source no. 1: MSN Weather Source no. 2: Weatherbase
The Kajaani Town Theatre Kajaanin kaupunginteatteri was established in 1969 and is one of the most respected theaters in Finland. It was chosen as the Theatre of the Year in 2003 and continues to attract ambitious actors and theatre directors, as well as a wealth of audience from across Finland. As the leading theatre in the Kainuu district, every year the Kajaani Town Theatre goes on the road to tour neighbouring towns and villages, and has been known occasionally to find its way to Southern Finland as well.
Population of Kajaani (Dec 31) Year Population 1987 36,056 1990 36,428 1997 36,541 2000 36,088 2002 35,842 2004 35,675 2008 38,140
Important industries in the city today are sawmill and lumber. Paper industry was also very important employer. UPM Kymmene's Kajaani paper mill was the biggest private employer in Kajaani and its history dated back to 1907. Paper was made in Kajaani from 1919 to 2008. However UPM Kymmene decided to close the paper mill by the end of 2008 due to lack of profitability and high energy costs. Closure of a paper mill will be the end of one era in Kajaani's history. UPM's Kajaani sawmill will continue its operations as earlier.
Military base Kainuu Brigade is also an important employer. It is the largest garrison in Finland—the Brigade employs approximately 600 people and trains 4,000 conscripts a year. There is a polytechnical institute in the city.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Kajaani is twinned with:
City Country Year Östersund Sweden 1943 Rostov-on-Don Russia 1956 Schwalm-Eder-Kreis Germany 1973 Nyíregyháza Hungary 1981 Marquette United States 1997 Jiujiang China 2006
The Districts and Villages of the City of Kajaani
- ^ "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (in Finnish and Swedish) (PDF). Land Survey of Finland. http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/sites/default/files/pinta-alat_2011_kunnannimenmukaan.xls. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
- ^ a b "Population by municipality as of 31 January 2011" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Information System. Population Register Center of Finland. http://vrk.fi/default.aspx?docid=4258&site=3&id=0. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
- ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. http://pxweb2.stat.fi/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=060_vaerak_tau_107_fi&ti=V%E4est%F6+kielen+mukaan+sek%E4+ulkomaan+kansalaisten+m%E4%E4r%E4+ja+maa%2Dpinta%2Dala+alueittain++1980+%2D+2008&path=../Database/StatFin/vrm/vaerak/&lang=3&multilang=fi. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. http://pxweb2.stat.fi/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=050_vaerak_tau_104_fi&ti=V%E4est%F6+i%E4n+%281%2Dv%2E%29+ja+sukupuolen+mukaan+alueittain+1980+%2D+2008&path=../Database/StatFin/vrm/vaerak/&lang=3&multilang=fi. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. http://www.vero.fi/nc/doc/download.asp?id=7996;193801. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Town of Kajaani – Official website
- Kajaanin Kaupunginteatteri – Kajaani Town Theatre
- Kajaanin Runoviikko – Kajaani Poetry Week
- Kainuun JazzKevät – Kainuu Jazz Spring
- Kajaani Culture Centre
Municipalities of Kainuu Municipalities Former municipalitiesKajaanin maalaiskunta · Vuolijoki
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Look at other dictionaries:
Kajaani — Géographie Pays Finlande Région Kainuu Altitude … Wikipédia en Français
Kajaani — Municipio de Finlandia … Wikipedia Español
Kajaani — (Finnish), Kajana (Swedish) … Names of cities in different languages
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Kajaani — Original name in latin Kajaani Name in other language KAJ, Kajaani, Kajana, Kajani, Kajauni, Kayani, Kjana, Knyaaani, Knyaani, Каяни State code FI Continent/City Europe/Helsinki longitude 64.22728 latitude 27.72846 altitude 145 Population 35375… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Kajaani — Sp Kãjanis Ap Kajaani L C Suomija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Kajaani — /kah yah nee/, n. a city in central Finland. 34,092. * * * … Universalium
Kajaani — ► C. del centro de Finlandia, en la prov. de Oumu; 36 099 h … Enciclopedia Universal
Kajaani — Kạjaani, schwedisch Kajana, Stadt im nördlichen Finnland, am Südostufer des Sees Oulujärvi, 36 600 Einwohner; Lehrerseminar; Holzverarbeitung, Nahrungsmittelindustrie; Garnison; Flugplatz. Stadtbi … Universal-Lexikon
Kajaani — /kah yah nee/, n. a city in central Finland. 34,092 … Useful english dictionary