The Stanford Axe is a trophy awarded to the winner of the annual Big Game between the
University of California, Berkeleyand Stanford University. The trophy consists of an axe-head mounted on a plaque along with scores of past Big Games.
The Stanford axe was originally a standard 15-inch lumberman's axe. It made its first appearance on
April 13, 1899during a Stanford rally when yell leaders used it to decapitate a straw man dressed in blue and gold ribbons while chanting the Axe yell:
:"Give 'em the axe, the axe, the axe!":"Give 'em the axe, the axe, the axe!":"Give 'em the axe, give 'em the axe,":"Give 'em the axe, where?
:"Right in the neck, the neck, the neck!":"Right in the neck, the neck, the neck!":"Right in the neck, right in the neck,":"Right in the neck! There!"
Cal gets the Axe
The Axe made its second appearance two days later on
April 15, at a Cal-Stanford baseball game played at 16th Street and Folsom in San Francisco. Led by Billy Erb, the Stanford yell leaders paraded the Axe and used it to chop up blue and gold ribbon after every good play by the Stanford team, while shouting the Axe yell. However, Stanford lost the game and the series, and the yell leaders debated if the Axe was a jinxand whether to dispose of it.
As the Stanford students discussed the Axe's fate, a group of Cal students seized it and ran off with the Axe. It in turn was passed from student to student, and a chase ensued through the streets of San Francisco, first followed by Stanford students and fans and second followed by the San Francisco police. During the chase, the Axe's handle was broken off.
Cal student Clint Miller, who was wearing an overcoat so he could easily conceal the ax head, was the last to handle the Axe. As he reached the
Ferry Building, he noticed the police inspecting the pockets of every boarding male passenger. As luck would have it, Miller encountered an old girlfriend, Agnes. Posing as a couple, the two successfully boarded the narrow gauge ferry to Alameda/Oakland (to avoid the police searching those buying tickets to Berkeley) and from there Miller took the Axe back to Berkeley. Two days later, Cal held its first Axe Rally.
tanford gets the Axe
For the next 31 years, the Axe stayed in Berkeley as a prize of conquest. In 1930, twenty-one Stanford students plotted to take back the Axe from Cal. This group became known in Stanford lore as the Immortal 21; Cal partisans call them the Immoral 21.
Cal's protection of the Axe at the time was intense — it was kept in a Berkeley bank vault and brought out, in an armored car, only for spring baseball and Big Game rallies. The Stanford group decided that their best chance would be right after the spring Axe rally, held that year on
April 3at Cal's Greek Theatre.
After the rally, four Stanford students posing as photographers temporarily blinded Norm Horner, the Grand Custodian of the Axe, with camera flashes. In the subsequent scuffle, the Stanford students grabbed the Axe while several others disguised as Cal students tossed a tear gas (or smoke, depending on account) bomb at the Cal students who guarded it. The Axe was taken to one of three cars which sped off in different directions. Several other Stanford students (disguised as Cal students) further delayed attempts to recover the Axe by organizing a search party away from the direction of the getaway cars. Although several of the raiders were caught, the Axe made it back to Stanford where it was paraded around the campus.
The Axe becomes a trophy
For three years after the raid on Berkeley the Stanford Axe lay in a
Palo Altobank vault while both universities decided what to do with it. In 1933, both sides agreed to designate the Axe as the annual trophy to be awarded to the Big Game's winner; in the event of a tie, it would be kept by the side already possessing the Axe.
However, the agreement did not stop students from both schools from stealing (or attempting to steal) the Axe. Since 1933, Cal students have stolen the Axe three times and Stanford students four times; the most recent incident occurred in 1973. On
January 28, 1978, a group of Cal students paraded a carefully constructed replica of the Axe across the court of Stanford's Maples Pavilion during the Cal-Stanford basketball game. This "Fake Axe" stunt led to erroneous reports in the following day's papers that the Axe had been stolen, therefore some sources report 1978 as the most recent theft. ["San Francisco Examiner", Sunday January 29, 1978.]
Depending on which school holds the Axe, the trophy's recorded score for the 1982
Big Gameis changed. This is part of the continuing dispute surrounding The Play, the last play in the final seconds of the 1982 game, which ended with a kickoff return marked by five laterals, the Stanford Bandthinking the game was over and rushing the field, and then a touchdown run through the band featuring the last Cal returner bowling over a Stanford trombone player in the end zone. Referees declared the touchdown as legal and California the winner of the game. However, Stanford contends that one of the five laterals on that play was an illegal forward pass and that a Cal player was tackled before he lateralled the ball. As a result, whenever Stanford wins the Axe, the 1982 score is changed on the trophy from "California 25, Stanford 20" to read "California 19, Stanford 20." Despite this practice, the official score must be on the Axe prior to the start of each Big Game no matter who has it at the time.
When California is in possession of the Axe, the
UC Rally Committeeacts as its custodian. It is displayed in the lobby of the Martin Luther King Junior Student Union Building, and goes into "hiding" shortly before the Big Game. Currently, Stanford has the Axe. It is currently guarded by the Stanford Axe Committeeand kept in a secret location, when not on display in the lobby of the Arrillaga Sports Center.
* [http://www.csua.berkeley.edu/~yoda/cal/biggame/axe.html History and Tales of the Stanford Axe]
* [http://www.stanford.edu/group/axecomm/history.html Stanford Axe Committee: History of the Stanford Axe]
* [http://ucrc.berkeley.edu/visitors/specialevents/biggame/axe_story.php UC Rally Committee: History of the Axe ]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Stanford University School of Medicine — Mission … Wikipedia
Stanford University — Infobox University image size= 165px caption = Seal of Leland Stanford Junior University name = Leland Stanford Junior University motto = de. Die Luft der Freiheit weht (German) [cite speech|title=Die Luft der Freiheit weht On and… … Wikipedia
Stanford Marguerite Shuttle — One of Stanford s Marguerite buses Marguerite is a free shuttle service Stanford University offers to its students, faculty, staff, and the general public. Stanford s history of providing free transportation is as old as the university itself. In … Wikipedia
Stanford University School of Earth Sciences — The School of Earth Sciences (often referred to as the SES, or at Stanford as just The School ) is one of three schools at Stanford awarding both graduate and undergraduate degrees. Stanford s first faculty member was a professor of geology as… … Wikipedia
Stanford Eating Clubs — The Stanford Eating Clubs, also known as the Toyon Eating Clubs were founded in 1892 making them the oldest student managed group on the Stanford University campus. Originally organized by students to provide much needed board services during the … Wikipedia
The Stanford Jonah — is a fight song of the University of California, Berkeley written in 1913 by Ted Haley as an entry into a song contest held by the Daily Californian. The song gained popularity when the campus glee club traveled to Europe where the song was a hit … Wikipedia
Notre Dame–Stanford rivalry — Notre Dame vs. Stanford Teams Notre Dame Fighting Irish Stanford Cardinal … Wikipedia
Burnham Pavilion (Stanford University) — Burnham Pavilion Former names Stanford Pavilion, Old Pavilion Location 615 Serra Street, Stanford, California Coordinates … Wikipedia
The Play — NCAAFootballSingleGameHeader Name=1982 Big Game California vs. Stanford Date=November 20, 1982 Year=1982 Visitor School=Stanford University Visitor Name Short=Stanford Visitor Nickname=Cardinal Visitor Record=5 5 Visitor Visitor Coaches= Visitor… … Wikipedia
Big Game (football) — The Big Game is the annual football game between Stanford University and the University of California, Berkeley (known simply as Cal ), held in late November or early December. The first Big Game was held in March 19 1892 on San Francisco s… … Wikipedia