Patriarch Polyeuctus of Constantinople
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople(956-70),
From being a simple monk, Polyeuctus was raised to the Patriarchate in 956, as successor to the imperial prince
Theophylactus Lecapenus, and remained on the patriarchal throne in constantinople until his death in 16 January 970.
Although he was given his position by
Constantine VIIhe did not show much loyalty to him. He began by questioning the legitimacy of Constantine's parent's marriage, and then went as far as to restore the good name of Patriarch Euthymiuswho had so vigorously opposed that union.(Norwich, John Julius. Byzantium, The Apogee. [New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1992) p. 173.)
For his great mind, zeal for the Faith and power of oratory, he was called a second
Chrysostom. To some historians he is seen as an overzelous fanatic. (Norwich, p. 173)
Nikephoros IIfor having married Theophanoon the grounds that he had been the godfather to one or more of his sons. He had previously refused Nikephoras communion for a whole year for the sin of having contracted a second marriage. Nikephoras' first wife had been dead several years when he married Theophan, but in the religious views prevalent in the Eastern Roman Empire, especially in the 10th Century, remarriage after the death of ones first wife was a sin only begruggingly tolerated.
Polyeuctus at least had the good grace to oppose sin on all fronts. He excommuicated the assassins of the Emperor Nikiforos II Fokas and refuse to crown the new Emperor Ioannes I Tsimiskis, nephew of the late Emperor (and one of the assassins) until he punished the assassins and exile his lover Empress Theofano who organised her husband's assassin.
The Russian Princess
Saint Olgacame to Constantinople in the time of Patriarch Polyeuctus during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus, and was baptised there in 957. The Patriarch baptised her, and the Emperor stood godfather. St Polyeuctus prophesied: `Blessed art thou among Russian women, for thou bast desired the light and cast away darkness; the sons of Russia will bless thee to the last generation.'
He raised bishop Petrus of
Otranto(958) to the dignity of metropolitan, with the obligation to establish the Greek Rite throughout the province; the Latin Rite was introduced again after the Norman conquest, but the Greek Rite remained in use in several towns of the archdiocese and of its suffragans, until the sixteenth century.
His orthodox feast is on
February 5(Old style?)
ources and references
* [http://www.neobyzantine.org/orthodoxy/hagiographies/feb/05.php Neobyzantine church- liturgical calendar]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Patriarch Polyeuctus — Polyeuctus was the Patriarch of Constantinople during the 10th Century.Polyeuctus was a eunuch and a monk prior to his appointment by Constantine as Patriarch of Constantinople in 956. He replaced Theophylact Lecapenus in this office.Although he… … Wikipedia
Patriarch Constantine VI of Constantinople — Patriarch Constantine VI as a bishop, 1906 Constantine VI (1859 – November 28, 1930) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from December 17, 1924 till January 30, 1925, for 43 days. He served as a locum tenens following the death of… … Wikipedia
Constantinople — This article is about the city before the Fall of Constantinople (1453). For a more detailed approach after 1453, see History of Istanbul. For other uses, see Constantinople (disambiguation). Map of Byzantine Constantinople … Wikipedia
Patriarch Meletius IV of Constantinople — Meletius IV (Greek: Μελέτιος Μεταξάκης) was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1921 to 1923. He also served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria under the episcopal name Meletius II from 1926 to 1935. He was the only Eastern… … Wikipedia
Patriarch Nephon II of Constantinople — Nephon II Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Church Church of Constantinople In Office end 1486 – early 1488 summer 1497 – Aug 1498 spring 1502 Predecessor Symeon I Maximus IV Joachim I … Wikipedia
Patriarch Cyril V of Constantinople — Cyril V Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Church Church of Constantinople In Office 28 Sept 1748 – end May 1751 7 Sept 1752 – … Wikipedia
Patriarch Dionysius I of Constantinople — Dionysius I Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Church Church of Constantinople In Office end 1466 – end 1471 July 1488 – end 1490 Predecessor Symeon I [ … Wikipedia
Patriarch Maximus III of Constantinople — Maximus III Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Church Church of Constantinople Appointed spring 1476 Reign ended 3 April 1482 Predecessor … Wikipedia
Patriarch Mark II of Constantinople — Mark II Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Church Church of Constantinople Appointed Autumn 1465 Reign ended Autumn 1466 Predecessor Gennadius Scholarius … Wikipedia
Patriarch Cosmas III of Constantinople — Cosmas III was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1714 to 1716. He also served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria under the episcopal name Cosmas II from 1723 until his death in 1736. A Coptic Orthodox patriarch has the same name … Wikipedia