Bill (proposed law)


Bill (proposed law)

:"For other uses, see bill."

A bill is a proposed new law introduced within a legislature that has not been ratified, adopted, or received assent. Once a bill has become law, it is thereafter an act; but in popular usage (or even in moments of scholarly imprecision) the two terms are often treated interchangeably. Bills have a sponsor and sometimes cosponsors.

Types of bills

Bills can be divided into:
*public bills, which apply to the general population
*private bills, which only apply to a single person or to a select group of people. If a private bill is punitive in nature, it is called a bill of attainder.
*hybrid bills, which combine elements of both public and private bills. Note that the concept of hybrid bills is not widely recognised outside the United Kingdom (in particular, it is expressly not recognised in Canada).
*local bills, which affect only a certain locality, and are often proposed by local government to the legislature

Sometimes other classifications of bills are used. For example, under many constitutions particular rules apply to appropriation bills. Commonly, in a bicameral system, the weaker chamber will have reduced powers with respect to appropriation bills than it has with other bills.

Numbering of bills in the United States

All bills originating in the U.S. House of Representatives begin with H.R. and all bills originating from the U.S. Senate begin with an S..

In the United States, bills can have the same number because every two years, at the start of odd-numbered years, the United States Congress recommences numbering from 1. Each two-year span is called a Congress, and each Congress is divided into two year-long periods called sessions. [ [http://www.govtrack.us/congress/billsearch.xpd GovTrack: Bill Search ] ]

Assent

In most constitutional systems, legislation once passed by the legislature requires the assent of the executive to become law (such as the Monarch, President or Governor).

In parliamentary systems this is normally a formality (since the executive is under the de facto control of the legislature), although in rare cases assent may be refused or reserved.

In presidential systems, the power of assent is used as a political tool by the executive; then it is known as a veto. In presidential systems, the legislature often has the power to override the veto of the executive by means of a supermajority.

In constitutional monarchies, certain matters may be covered by the royal prerogative (for instance in the United Kingdom these include as payments to the Royal Family, succession to the Throne, and the Monarch's exercise of their prerogative powers). The legislature may have significantly less power to introduce such bills, and may require the approval of the monarch or government of the day.

ee also

*List of legislatures by country "(most legislature articles have information on their processes)"
*Resolution (law)
*White paper

External links

Hong Kong

* [http://www.legco.gov.hk/general/english/bc/bc_0408.htm Bills Committees of the Legislative Council]

New Zealand

* [http://www.knowledge-basket.co.nz/gpprint/docs/welcome.html List of current bills]

United Kingdom

*BBC Parliament Guide:
** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/bbc_parliament/2290085.stm Making new law]
** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/bbc_parliament/2290403.stm Types of bill]
** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/bbc_parliament/2295875.stm Bill procedure]
** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/bbc_parliament/2297381.stm First reading]
** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/bbc_parliament/2298827.stm Second reading]
** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/bbc_parliament/2298941.stm Commons committee stage]
** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/bbc_parliament/2300537.stm Lords committee stage]
** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/bbc_parliament/2300667.stm Report stage]
** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/bbc_parliament/2306475.stm Third reading]
** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/bbc_parliament/2306571.stm Passage through the other House]
** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/bbc_parliament/2327561.stm Royal assent]
** [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/bbc_parliament/2306919.stm Delegated legislation]

United States

* [http://www.ncleg.net/NCGAInfo/Bill-Law/bill-law.html How a law is made] . From the North Carolina General Assembly
* [http://www.vote-smart.org/resource_govt101_02.php How a bill becomes a law - related information]
* [http://www.govtrack.us/congress/billsearch.xpd Bill search]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • proposed law — index bill (proposed act) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • bill — n 1: a draft of a law presented to a legislature for enactment; also: the law itself the GI bill ap·pro·pri·a·tions bill /ə ˌprō prē ā shənz /: a bill providing money for government expenses and programs ◇ Appropriations bills originate in the… …   Law dictionary

  • proposed enactment — index bill (proposed act) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • proposed regulation — index bill (proposed act) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • proposed rule — index bill (proposed act) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • proposed statute — index bill (proposed act) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Bill — may refer to: Objects * Billboard (advertising), a board on which to display advertising posters or displays * Billhook, a long handled saw (sometimes weapon) with a curved blade * BILL Anti tank guided weapon, a Swedish anti tank weapon * BILL 2 …   Wikipedia

  • bill of indictment — see bill 3b Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. bill of indictment …   Law dictionary

  • Bill C-60 (38th Canadian Parliament, 1st Session) — Bill C 60 was a proposed law to amend the Canadian Copyright Act initiated by the Government of Canada in the First Session of the Thirty Eighth Parliament. Introduced by then Minister of Canadian Heritage and Minister responsible for Status of… …   Wikipedia

  • bill — Ⅰ. bill [1] ► NOUN 1) a printed or written statement of the money owed for goods or services. 2) a draft of a proposed law presented to parliament for discussion. 3) a programme of entertainment at a theatre or cinema. 4) N. Amer. a banknote. 5)… …   English terms dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.