Effigy mound


Effigy mound

"Sites in the U.S. of similar history may be found at Indian Mounds Park"

An effigy mound is a raised pile of earth built in the shape of a stylized animal, symbol, religious figure, or human figure.

Effigy mounds were constructed in many Native American cultures and are believed to be for primarily religious purposes, although some also fulfill a burial mound function. The builders of the effigy mounds are usually referred to generally as the Mound Builders.

Native North American effigy mounds have been compared to the large-scale effigy forms depicted in the Nazca Lines of Peru.

More mounds were built by ancient Native American societies in Wisconsin than in any other region of North America—between 15,000 and 20,000 mounds, at least 4,000 of which remain today.

ee also

*Adena culture
*Hopewell culture
*Mississippian culture
*Harpers Ferry, Iowa in Effigy Mounds National Monument
*Serpent Mound found in Adams County, Ohio
*Rock Eagle and Rock Hawk Effigy Mounds, both in Putnam County, Georgia


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • effigy mound — Earthen mound in the form of a bird or animal (e.g, bear, deer, turtle, buffalo), found in the northern central U.S., especially the Ohio River valley. Little is known of the effigy mounds except that most were burial sites. The culture that… …   Universalium

  • effigy mound — /ˈɛfədʒi maʊnd/ (say efuhjee mownd) noun a mound of earth dating from prehistoric times, shaped like an animal …   Australian English dictionary

  • effigy mound — noun : a prehistoric American Indian burial mound shaped like an animal (as a bird or serpent) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rock Eagle Effigy Mound — is an archaeological site in Putnam County, Georgia, U.S.A. It consists of thousands of pieces of quartzite laid in the shape of a large bird. Although it is most often referred to as an eagle it is unknown exactly what type of bird its original… …   Wikipedia

  • Alligator Effigy Mound (Licking County, Ohio) — Infobox nrhp name = Alligator Effigy Mound caption = nearest city = Granville, Ohio architect = architecture = added = 1971 11 05cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2007 06 30|work=National Register …   Wikipedia

  • Rock Hawk Effigy Mound — is an archaeological site in Putnam County, Georgia, U.S.A. (coord|33|20.693|N|83|10.502|W|type:landmark) It consists of thousands of pieces of quartzite laid in the shape of a large bird. Although it is most often referred to as a hawk it is… …   Wikipedia

  • Effigy Mounds — National Monument Marching Bear Mounds …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Effigy Mounds National Monument — Marching Bear Mounds …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mound Bottom — U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • Mound Key Archeological State Park — / Mound Key Site IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape) …   Wikipedia


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