Pilosa


Pilosa

Taxobox
name = PilosaMSW3 Gardner|pages=100-103]
fossil_range = Paleocene to Recent


image_width = 250px
image_caption = Giant Anteater "Myrmecophaga tridactyla"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
superordo = Xenarthra
ordo = Pilosa
ordo_authority = Flower, 1883
subdivision_ranks = Suborders
subdivision =
Vermilingua - anteaters

Folivora - sloths

The order Pilosa is a group of placental mammals, extant today only in the Americas. It includes the anteaters and sloths.

The origins of the order can be traced back as far as the early Tertiary (about 60 million years ago, or only a short time after the end of the dinosaur era). The presence of these animals in North America is explained by the Great American Interchange.

Until recently, Pilosa was lumped with the armadillos in the order Xenarthra. Xenarthra is now generally regarded as a superorder. In the past, these families were classified together with pangolins and the Aardvark as the order Edentata (meaning toothless, because the members do not have front incisor teeth or molars, or have poorly-developed molars). It was subsequently realized that Edentata was polyphyletic—that it contained unrelated families and was thus invalid.

Classification

Order Pilosa
* Suborder Vermilingua
** Family Cyclopedidae
*** Silky Anteater, "Cyclopes didactylus"
** Family Myrmecophagidae
*** Giant Anteater, "Myrmecophaga tridactyla"
*** Northern Tamandua, "Tamandua mexicana"
*** Southern Tamandua, "Tamandua tetradactyla"
* Suborder Folivora
** Family Bradypodidae: three-toed sloths
*** Pygmy Three-toed Sloth, "Bradypus pygmaeus"
*** Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth, "Bradypus variegatus"
*** Pale-throated Three-toed Sloth, "Bradypus tridactylus"
*** Maned Three-toed Sloth, "Bradypus torquatus"
** Family Megalonychidae: two-toed sloths
*** Hoffman's Two-toed Sloth, "Choloepus hoffmanni"
*** Southern Two-toed Sloth, "Choloepus didactylus"

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pilosa — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Pilosa Oso hormiguero gigante (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) Clasificación científica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pilosa — Pilosa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pilosa — Zahnarme Großer Ameisenbär (Myrmocophaga tridactyla) Systematik Überklasse: Kiefermäuler (Gnathostomata) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pilosa —   , pilosum, pilosus   L. pilus, a hair; osa, abundance. The whole plant or any of its organs invested with long spreading hairs …   Etymological dictionary of grasses

  • pilosa — pi·lo·sa …   English syllables

  • pilosa — pə̇ˈlōsə noun plural Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from Latin, neuter plural of pilosus hairy : a division of edentate mammals comprising the sloths, anteaters, and extinct related forms …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nepenthes pilosa — An intermediate pitcher of N. pilosa found near the summit of Bukit Batu Lesung Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Bidens Pilosa — Bidens pilosa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bidens pilosa — Bidens pilosa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bidens pilosa —   Bidens pilosa …   Wikipedia Español


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