London Co-operative Society

The London Co-operative Society was a consumer co-operative society in the United Kingdom.

The Society was formed in September 1920 by the amalgamation of the Stratford Co-operative Society and the Edmonton Co-operative Society, two of the largest societies in the London Metropolitan area. In 1921, the LCS was also joined by the West London Society, the Kingston Society and the Co-operative Brotherhood Trust. In addition, the Society also took over two branches of the Staines Co-operative Party. The consolidation of co-operative societies in the Greater London area continued until 1938, with the absorption of Hendon Co-operative Society in 1925, the North West London Co-operative Society in 1928, the Epping Co-operative Society in 1929, the Yiewsley Co-operative Society in 1931, the Willesden Junction Railway Society in 1935 and the Radlett Co-operative Society in 1938. Hence, the LCS was able to extend its area of the counties of Middlesex, Essex, Hertfordshire and Surrey.

The LCS played a large part in the national co-operative movement and was a member of the national and regional organisations, chief of which being the Co-operative Union to which the LCS subscribed. The LCS was also a shareholding member of the English Co-operative Wholesale Society, generally known as the CWS, a federal wholesaling organisation for co-operative societies in England and Wales. By 1952, the LCS and its associated co-operative organisations, the major being the London Co-operative Chemists Limited, had over 550 establishments of sales and services, varying from large department stores to small grocery shops. These establishments consisted of grocers, butchers, fruit, vegetable and flower sellers, coal depots, furniture sellers, drapers, tailors, footwear sellers, chemists, laundries, estate agencies, funeral services and even guesthouses. The London Society also administered many manufacturing and processing establishments.

The Society was amalgamated with the Co-operative Retail Society in 1981.

Politically, the Society has also had a major impact. In the interwar years, the LCS Political Committee played an important role in winning Londoners over to the Labour Party, mobilising people behind co-operative ideals, and shaping policy at a national level, working as part of the national Co-operative Party.

At the 1945 election, all 11 LCS-sponsored candidates were elected, including Dan Chater in Bethnal Green North East, Percy Holman in Bethnal Green South West and C.S.Ganley in Battersea South. Alfred Barnes, also elected for East Ham South, even became a Cabinet Minister in the Attlee administration after 1945.

In the post-war world, it continued as an important campaigning force, providing key organisational backing for mass movements like Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, supporting the fight against the Vietnam War and campaigns during the miner's strikes, and generally at the forefront of the campaign for peace, co-operation and socialism. A political presence was also maintained in the House of Commons through the work of MPs, such as Stan Newens, Alf Lomas and Laurie Pavitt.


* [ Collection Description] of the London Co-operative Society archive, held at the Bishopsgate Institute, London

Other London-area consumer co-operative societies

* South Suburban Co-operative Society
* Royal Arsenal Co-operative Society
* Enfield Highway Co-operative Society
* Invicta Co-operative Society

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Croydon Co-operative Society — The Croydon Co operative Society was a cooperative retailer in Croydon and surrounding parts of Surrey, England. In 1918, it became part of the new South Suburban Co operative Society, now the Co operative Group. A co operative society had been… …   Wikipedia

  • Northern Co-operative Society — Not to be confused with Norco milk …   Wikipedia

  • Moulton Co-operative Society — Ltd Former type Consumer co operative Industry Retail (Grocery) Fate Merger Successor Midlands Co operative Society Founded 1861 …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Arsenal Co-operative Society — The Royal Arsenal Co operative Society (RACS) was a consumer co operative based in south east London; taking its name from the royal munitions works (Royal Arsenal)at Woolwich. Set up in 1868 by 20 workers from the Royal Arsenal, the RACS began… …   Wikipedia

  • South Suburban Co-operative Society — The South Suburban Co operative Society (SSCS) was a cooperative retailer in south London, Surrey and Kent, England. It became part of the Co operative Wholesale Society, now the Co operative Group.The SSCS came into existence in 1918 with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Anglia Regional Co-operative Society — Infobox Company company name = Anglia Regional Co operative Society Limited company company type = Consumer Co operative foundation = 1876 (Incorporated 1887) location = Westgate House, 2 Park Road, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire PE1 2TA key people …   Wikipedia

  • All Russian Co-operative Society — The All Russian Co operative Society (ARCOS) was the principal body responsible for the orchestration of Anglo Soviet trade in the early days of Communist Russia, following the development of Lenin s New Economic Policy.In 1927, the London… …   Wikipedia

  • Operative Bricklayers' Society — O.B.S. Full name Operative Bricklayers Society Founded 1818 Date dissolved 1921 Merged into Amalgamated Union of Building Trade Workers Members 38,830 (1900) Country United King …   Wikipedia

  • Society — • Implies fellowship, company, and has always been conceived as signifying a human relation Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Society     Society      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Operative temperature — (to) is defined as a uniform temperature of a radiantly black enclosure in which an occupant would exchange the same amount of heat by radiation plus convection as in the actual nonuniform environment.[1] Some references also use the terms… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.