List of locomotive builders

This is a list of the world's locomotive builders by country, and is still a work in progress. The list includes both current and historical builders. Many companies changed names multiple times; the attempt is to give the most recognisable name, generally the one used for the longest time or during the company's best known period.

Africa South Africa
Asia/Pacific Australia, China, India, Iran, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Pakistan
Europe Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom
North America Canada, United States
South America Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay

External links


  • Material Ferroviario S.A. [3]


Generally, most locomotives for Australian railways were built from GE/EMD/Alco (USA) components, with the bodies built by Australian companies. Comeng, Clyde Engineering, and Goninan were the most prominent, building hundred of locomotives for Queensland Rail, Rail Corporation New South Wales (as the State Rail Authority), etc. Most of these companies have now merged to form the four listed below.

Active Companies

Defunct Companies


Active Companies

Defunct Companies

  • La Meuse [6] [7]
  • Société Anglo-Franco-Belge
  • Ateliers de Tubize



Express Service Ltd


Active companies

Defunct companies



Czech Republic


  • ABB Scandia
  • Frichs
  • Pedershaab
  • Triangel








Ventra locomotives, Hyderabad





  • Allan
  • Heemaf [41]
  • Werkspoor

New Zealand

The various Workshops below were part of the New Zealand Railways or NZR until it was privatised, but the Active ones still operating are now separate companies.



Private Companies





  • CJSC Transmashholding
    • Novocherkassk Electric Locomotive Factory(NEVZ)
    • Bryanskiy Machine-building Plant
    • Kolomensky Zavod (KTZ) [45]
  • BMZ [46]
  • Sinara Group
    • Ludinovoteplovoz
  • Ekaterinburg Electric Locomotive Factory EERZ [47]
  • Mytischy Subway Carriages Factory (Metrovagonmash) [48]
  • Saint Petersburg Subway Carriages Factory


  • Goša
  • Mašinska Industrija Niš (MIN)


South Africa

  • Union Carriage and Wagon [50]
  • DCD Dorbyl [51]
  • Girdlestone steam [52]
  • Transwerk [53]


  • Vossloh Rail Vehicles [54]
  • Talgo [55]
  • CAF [56]
  • La Maquinista Terrestre y Marítima
  • Babcock & Wilcock
  • Cía. Euskalduna





United Kingdom

Historically, major railways in the United Kingdom built the vast majority of their own locomotives. Commercial locomotive builders were called upon when requirements exceeded the railway works' capacity, but these orders were generally to the railways' own designs. British commercial builders concentrated on industrial users, small railway systems, and to a large extent the export market. British-built locomotives were exported around the world, especially to the current or former British Empire. With the almost total disappearance of British industrial railways, the shrinking of the export market, and much reduced demand from Britain's railways, few British locomotive builders survive.

Active companies

Defunct companies

See also

United States

Active companies

Defunct companies

In addition to these, many railroads operating steam locomotives built their own locomotives in their shops. Notable examples include the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Mount Clare Shops, Norfolk and Western's Roanoke Shops, Pennsylvania Railroad's Altoona Works and the Southern Pacific's Sacramento Shops. Estimates of the total Steam locomotive production in the USA is approximately 175,000 engines.


See also


External links

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