National Museum of Ancient Art

Main entrance of the Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga

The Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga (Portuguese pronunciation: [muˈzew nɐsiuˈnaɫ dɨ ˈaɾtɐ̃ˈtiɡɐ]), located in Lisbon, is an art museum in Portugal.

The museum is known as MNAA (in English, National Museum of Ancient Art), and is popularly known as the Museu das Janelas Verdes (Green Windows Museum) due to the color of its windows. It is located in the Palácio de Alvor-Pombal, a former palace of the Count of Alvor, later purchased by the Marquis of Pombal.

It is the best museum in which to understand the development of Portuguese art prior to the early nineteenth century.

Contents

History

Founded in 1884, the National Museum of Ancient Art is located near the Tagus river. It occupies the palace of the counts of Alvor, dating from the seventeenth century, and the old convent of Santo Alberto. The chapel of the convent is a fine example of 18th Portuguese Baroque art and architecture and is incorporated into the exhibits.

Detail of one of the six Saint Vincent Panels attributed to Nuno Gonçalves.

Collection

The museum collection includes painting, sculpture, metalwork, textiles, furniture, drawings, and other decorative art forms from the Middle Ages to the early nineteenth century. The collections, especially those for the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, are particularly important regarding the history of Portuguese painting, sculpture, and metalwork.

Painting

Perhaps the most famous work kept in the museum are the Saint Vincent Panels, which date from before 1470 and are attributed to Nuno Gonçalves, court painter of King Afonso V.

The six large panels show people from all levels of late medieval Portuguese society venerating Saint Vincent, in one of the first collective portraits in European art. There are sixty portraits on the panels.

The museum also has important works by early sixteenth century painters active in Portugal, such as, Jorge Afonso, Vasco Fernandes, Garcia Fernandes, Francisco de Holanda, Cristóvão Lopes, Gregório Lopes, Cristovão de Figueiredo, Francisco Henriques, Frei Carlos, and others.

Painting from the 17th through the early 19th centuries is well represented by works that include those of Josefa de Óbidos, Bento Coelho da Silveira, Vieira Portuense, Domingos Sequeira, and Morgado de Setúbal.

Portuguese metalwork is another highlight of the museum. Among its collection are outstanding pieces from the 12th to the 18th centuries. One of the most notable examples is the famous monstrance of Belém. It might have been made by the playwright, actor, and poet, Gil Vicente. According to an inscription on the monstrance, it was created out of some of the first gold brought back to Portugal from India by the explorer, Vasco da Gama.

The European painting section of the museum is significant and is represented by Jacob Adriaensz Backer, Bartolomé Bermejo, The Temptation of St. Anthony by Hieronymus Bosch, Pieter Brueghel the Younger, David Gerard, Saint Jerome by Albrecht Dürer, Lucas Cranach, Piero della Francesca, Jan Gossaert, Hans Holbein the Elder, Pieter de Hooch, Adriaen Isenbrandt, Quentin Metsys, Hans Memling, Antonis Mor, Joachim Patinir, Jan Provost, Raphael, José Ribera, Andrea del Sarto, David Teniers the Younger, Tintoretto, Anthony van Dyck, Diego Velázquez, David Vinckeboons, Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom, Francisco de Zurbarán, François Boucher, Nicolas Poussin and others.

External links

Coordinates: 38°42′15.90″N 9°09′42.49″W / 38.704417°N 9.1618028°W / 38.704417; -9.1618028


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Museum of Ceramic Art — The National Museum of Ceramic Art (NMCA) was a non profit arts institution active in downtown Baltimore, Maryland, during the 1990 s. Located at 250 West Pratt Street near Baltimore s Inner Harbor, the art museum displayed a variety of… …   Wikipedia

  • National Museum of Rome — The exterior of the Museum s Baths of Diocletian site …   Wikipedia

  • National museum — A national museum is a museum maintained by a nation.List of national museumsAustralia* [http://www.aarg.com.au/ Australian National Aviation Museum] *Australian National Maritime Museum * [http://www.tennis.com.au/pages/default.aspx?id=6069… …   Wikipedia

  • National Museum of Natural History — For the museum in Manhattan, see American Museum of Natural History. This article is about the museum in Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see National Museum of Natural History (disambiguation). Coordinates: 38°53′29″N 77°01′33″W …   Wikipedia

  • Museum for African Art — The Museum for African Art is located in the neighborhood of Long Island City in the borough of Queens in New York City, United States. Founded in 1984, the museum is dedicated to increasing public understanding and appreciation of African art… …   Wikipedia

  • National Museum of Serbia — Established May 10, 1844 Location Belgrade, Serbia Director Tatjana Cvjetićanin …   Wikipedia

  • National Museum of Indonesia — National Museum Museum Nasional Front view of the museum. Established 1778 Location Jl. Medan Merdeka Barat, Jakarta Pusat, Jakarta, Indonesia …   Wikipedia

  • National Museum of Myanmar — အမျိုးသား ပြတိုက် Established 1952 Location 66/74 Pyay Road Dagon 11191, Yangon Yangon Division, Myanmar …   Wikipedia

  • National Museum, Warsaw — National Museum in Warsaw Established 1916 Location 3 Jerusalem Avenues Warsaw, Poland Type …   Wikipedia

  • National Museum of Rural Life — National Museums Scotland and partners have developed the National Museum of Rural Life, previously known as the Museum of Scottish Country Life, which is based at Wester Kittochside farm, lying between the town of East Kilbride in South… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.