Hasanawayhid was a Kurdish principality from
959to 1015, centered at Dinawar(northeast of present-day Kermanshah). The principality ruled western Iranand upper Mesopotamia. The founder of the dynasty was Hasanwayh bin Husayn from the Kurdish tribe of Barzikani. He managed to successfully resist Sahlan bin Musafir, the Buyidgovernor of Hamadan, and the Buyid vizier, Ibn Al-Amed. In 970he reached a compromise with Amed's successor which guaranteed his autonomy. Hasanwayh died in 979at Sarmaj, located in south of Bisitun.
After Hasanwayh's death, conflict broke out between several of his sons. The intervention of
BuyidMuayyid al-Dawla of Ray lead to defeat of Fakhr al-Dawla one of Hasanwayh's sons. Then another heir, Abul-Najm Badr (Nasir Al-Dawla), was installed as the leader of Bazikani Kurds, and the principality became a vassalof Buyids. Abul-Najm expanded Hasanwayhid's control to Shapur-Khwast, Dinawar, Nahavand, Asadabad, Borujerd, Ahwaz, Ilam, Kermanshah, Hulwanand Sharazur ( Kirkuk).
1006, the principality came into conflict with the Annazidto the west. Abul-Najm Badr finally died in a minor battle in 1014. The principality was conquered by Abul-Shawk, the Annazid ruler. However the princely family continued to rule their stronghold at Sarmaj until Seljuk Ibrahim Inal entered their territory in 1047.
References and External Links
* [http://www.encislam.brill.nl/data/EncIslam/S1/SIM-2781.html Hasanwayh in "The Encyclopaedia of Islam"] .
* [http://users.rcn.com/j-roberts/has.htm Hasanwayhid Coins]
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