Condominium (international law)


Condominium (international law)

In international law, a condominium (plural either condominia, as in Latin, or condominiums) is a political territory (state or border area) in or over which two or more sovereign powers formally agree to share equally dominium (in the sense of sovereignty) and exercise their rights jointly, without dividing it up into 'national' zones.

Although a condominium has always been recognized as a theoretical possibility, condominiums have been rare in practice. A major problem, and the reason why so few have existed in practice, is the difficulty of ensuring co-operation between the sovereign powers; once the understanding fails, the status is likely to become untenable.

The word is recorded in English since c.1714, from Modern Latin, apparently coined in Germany c.1700 from Latin com- "together" + dominium "right of ownership" (compare domain).

Contents

Current condominia

The term is sometimes even applied to a similar arrangement between members of a Monarch's countries in (personal or formal) union, as was the case for the district of Fiume (Rijeka), shared between Hungary and Croatia within the Habsburg Empire since 1868.

Co-principality

Under French law, Andorra was once considered to be a French–Spanish condominium, although it is more commonly classed as a co-principality, since it is itself a sovereign state, not a possession of one or more foreign powers, even though the quality of Head of State is shared ex officio by two foreigners.[citation needed]

Former condominia

Proposed condominium

  • In 2001, the British government held discussions with Spain with a view to putting a proposal for joint sovereignty to the people of Gibraltar. This initiative was pre-emptively rejected by Gibraltarians in the 2002 referendum.[8][9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Image:UAE en-map.png
  2. ^ Jozo Tomasevich. "The Chetniks". War and Revolution in Yugoslavia. Stanford University Press, 1975. Pp. 103. "The condominium in Croatia was the most important example of Italo-German collaboration in controlling and despoiling an occupied area [...]".
  3. ^ Stephen R. Graubard, (ed.).Exit from Communism. Transaction Publishers, 1993. Pp. 153-154. "After the Axis attack on Yugoslavia in 1941, Mussolini and Hitler installed the Ustašas in power in Zagreb, making them the nucleus of a dependent regime of the newly created Independent State of Croatia, an Italo-German condominium predicated on the abolition of Yugoslavia." [1]
  4. ^ Günay Göksu Özdoğan, Kemâli Saybaşılı. Balkans: a mirror of the new international order. Marmara Üniversitesi. Dept. of International Relations, 1995. Pp. 143. "Croatia (with Bosnia-Hercegovina) formally became a new Axis ally - the Independent State of Croatia (NDH). This was in fact, Italo-German condominium, [...]".
  5. ^ John R. Lampe (ed.), Mark Mazower (ed.). Ideologies and National Identities: The Case of Twentieth-Century Southeastern Europe. Central European University Press, 2003. Pp. 103. "[...] the Independent State of Croatia (hereafter NDH, Nezavisna Drzava Hrvatska), in reality an Italo-German condominium[...]"
  6. ^ http://www.minefe.gouv.fr/fonds_documentaire/notes_bleues/nbb/nbb270/entente_cordiale.pdf
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ CIA - The World Factbook -- Gibraltar US Central Intelligence Agency
  9. ^ BBC News | Europe | Country profiles | Regions and territories: Gibraltar BBC News

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • condominium, international — A non self governing territory over which two states share administrative control. In this context the term coimperium is sometimes used interchangeably with the term condominium. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.… …   Law dictionary

  • Condominium (disambiguation) — Condominium can refer to:* Condominium (international law), a territory in which two sovereign powers have equal rights * Condominium, a type of joint ownership of real property in which portions of the property are commonly owned and other… …   Wikipedia

  • Condominium — This article is about the form of housing. For the international law describing a territory in which two sovereign powers have equal rights, see Condominium (international law) …   Wikipedia

  • international condominium — A non self governing territory over which two states share administrative control. In this context the term coimperium is sometimes used interchangeably with the term condominium. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005 …   Law dictionary

  • condominium — c.1714, joint rule or sovereignty, from Mod.L., joint sovereignty, apparently coined in German c.1700 from L. com together (see COM (Cf. com )) + dominum right of ownership (see DOMAIN (Cf. domain)). A word in politics and international law until …   Etymology dictionary

  • international relations — a branch of political science dealing with the relations between nations. [1970 75] * * * Study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies and political… …   Universalium

  • condominium — /kɒndəˈmɪniəm / (say konduh mineeuhm) noun 1. joint or concurrent dominion. 2. International Law joint sovereignty over a territory by several foreign states. 3. Also, Colloquial, condo. Chiefly US a. a block of high rise apartments or units. b.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • City University of New York School of Law — Motto Law in the Service of Human Needs Established 1983 Type Public Postgraduates …   Wikipedia

  • property law — Introduction       principles, policies, and rules by which disputes over property are to be resolved and by which property transactions may be structured. What distinguishes property law from other kinds of law is that property law deals with… …   Universalium

  • History of the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium — This article discusses the Anglo Egyptian rule during the history of Sudan from 1899 to 1955. In January 1899, an Anglo Egyptian agreement restored Egyptian rule in Sudan but as part of a condominium, or joint authority, exercised by Britain and… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.