William Vincent Astor (
November 15, 1891- February 3, 1959) was a businessman and philanthropistand a member of the prominent Astor family.
Called Vincent, he was born in the
Fifth Avenuemansion where his grandmother Caroline Astor reigned over American society. He was the son of John Jacob Astor IV, a gangly, unattractive, and highly amorous millionaire and inventor, and his first wife, Ava Lowle Willing, a famously beautiful and spoiled heiress from Philadelphia. Society observers privately called them "Beauty and the Beast."
Childhood and inheritance
Vincent endured a difficult childhood. His vain mother was embarrassed by his resemblance to his father and would humiliate him in public. In addition his parent's marriage was less than perfect. Vincent's only sister,
Ava Alice Muriel Astor, was reportedly Ava Astor's child by a New York society man named Hatch, while Vincent's father, a friend wrote in a letter to her husband, had numerous affairs and morals shockingly loose for a warden of the Episcopal church. They ultimately divorced in 1909 and on September 9, 1911Jack Astor married Madeleine Talmadge Force, an 18-year-old beauty a year younger than his son. In 1919, Ava married an English nobleman, Thomas Lister, Baron Ribblesdale. While a student at Harvard Universityin 1912, Vincent inherited an estimated $200 million when his father went down with the "Titanic".
Vincent Astor was, according to Astor family biographer Derek Wilson, "a hitherto unknown phenomenon in America: an Astor with a highly developed social conscience." He was 20 when his father died and having inherited a massive fortune, Vincent Astor dropped out of
Harvard University. He set about to change the family image from that of miserly, aloof slum landlords who enjoyed the good life at the expense of others. Over time, he sold off the family's New York City slum housing and reinvested in reputable enterprises while spending a great deal of time and energy helping others. He was responsible for the construction of a large housing complex in the Bronx that included sufficient land for a large children's playground, and in Harlem, he transformed a valuable piece of real estate into another playground for children.
Vincent Astor appeared as number 12 on the first list of America's richest people compiled by "
Forbes Magazine". His net worth at the time was estimated at $75 million.
Amongst his holdings was "
Newsweek" magazine which had for a time its headquarters in the former Knickerbocker Hotelthat had been built by Vincent Astor's father; he was the magazine's chairman. He also inherited Ferncliff, the Astor family's estate in Rhinebeck, New York, where his father had been born. However, Vincent Astor would be the last occupant of Ferncliff. On his death in 1959, Vincent Astor bequeathed the main house at Ferncliff to the Benedictine Hospital in Kingston, New York, and in 1964 his widow, Brooke, donated the remaining land to become Ferncliff Forest Game Refuge and Forest Preserve.
Helen Dinsmore Huntington, in April 1913. At the ceremony, he was stricken with the mumps, a disease that made him sterile; as for the bride, her friend Glenway Wescott, the novelist, admiringly described her in his unpublished diaries as "a grand, old-fashioned lesbian." [Glenway Wescott Collection, Beineke Library, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut] At the outbreak of World War I, Vincent took advice from his friend and Secretary of the Navy, Franklin D. Roosevelt and joined the Navy. He served overseas with his wife, who did charity work with the YMCAin France. Vincent was promoted from an ensign to a lieutenant during the War. The couple divorced in 1940. A year later, Helen Astor became the second wife of Lytle Hull(-1958), a real-estate broker who was a friend and business associate of her former husband.
*Shortly after his divorce, Astor married
Mary Benedict Cushing, known as Minnie. She was a daughter of the prominent Baltimore surgeon, Dr. Harvey Cushing and sister of Babe Cushing Paley and Betsey Cushing Roosevelt Whitney. They divorced in September 1953, and the following month, Minnie Astor married James Whitney Fosburgh, a gay painter who worked as an art lecturer at the Frick Museum.
8 October 1953, several weeks after divorcing his second wife, Astor married the once-divorced, once-widowed Brooke Russell Marshall, whom he called Pookie. According to an oft-told story in society circles, Astor agreed to divorce his second wife only after she had found him a replacement spouse. Her first suggestion was Janet Newbold Ryan Stewart Bush, the newly divorced wife of James S. Bush, who turned Astor down with startling candor, saying, "I don't even like you." [www.newyorksocialdiary.com. Janet Newbold married (1) Allan A. Ryan Jr, (2) William Rhinelander Stewart, and (3) James S. Bush. Her third husband, to whom she was married from 1948 until 1952, was a brother of Senator Prescott S. Bush, an uncle of U.S. president George Herbert Walker Bush, and a great-uncle of U.S. president George W. Bush.] Astor proceeded to tell her that he was not well and, though only in his early 60s, he couldn't be expected to live for very long, whereupon she would inherit his millions. At that, Janet Bush reportedly replied, "What if you do live?" Minnie Astor then proposed the recently widowed Brooke Marshall. [www.newyorksocialdiary.com] Together, Brooke and Vincent Astor developed the Vincent Astor Foundation, a foundation that was designed to give back to New York City.
Vincent died in 1959 leaving all of his money to Brooke, surprising many. She continued his philanthropic work. Vincent Astor is interred in the
Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Sleepy Hollow, New York. He was the last person born into the Astor family to rank amongst the richest individuals in the United States. John Jacob Astor VI, Vincent's half brother and with whom he had never been on good terms, contested Astor's will; he lost the case.
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8652807 Vincent Astor] at Find-A-Grave
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