1619

Year 1619 (MDCXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1619

January - June


* March - Battle of Sarhu: Manchu leader Nurhaci is victorious over the Ming forces.
* May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been convicted of treason.
* June 10 - Thirty Years' War - Battle of Záblatí: Protestant forces are defeated.

July - December


* July 30 - In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time.
* August - Captain Jope's ship brings the first Africans to what will later be called America. Jope trades these Africans for food and supplies. This trade of Africans is as temporary indentured servants in the same way that English whites are owned as laborers in the New World. Because the Spanish had Christianized these Africans, this labor arrangement is for a specified time and then they are free to live their lives, just as the English laborers are. These Africans had been stolen from the cargo of a Spanish vessel on the high seas. The enslavement of Africans in America is progressively and intentionally implemented later, beginning with the sentencing of John Punch in 1640.
* August 5 - Thirty Years' War - Battle of Věstonice: Bohemian forces defeat the Austrians.
* August 10 - The Treaty of Angoulême ends the civil war in France.
* August 28 - Ferdinand II is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
* October 8 - The Treaty of Munich is signed by Ferdinand II and Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria.
* November 16 - William Parker School, Hastings is founded by the will of Rev William Parker.
* December 4 - Thirty-eight colonists from Berkeley Parish in England disembark in Virginia and give thanks to God (considered by some to be the first Thanksgiving in the Americas).

Undated

* Jahangir grants a British mission important commercial concessions at Surat on the west coast of India.
* England establishes its first outpost in India.
* The Muchalls Castle reconstruction is completed.
* The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth reaches the height of its territorial extent.
* The Banqueting House of James I of England is destroyed by fire.

Births


* January 10 - Philip Sidney, 3rd Earl of Leicester (d. 1698)
* January 14 - Alexander von Spaen, Prussian field marshal (d. 1692)
* January 21 - Anders Bording, Danish poet (d. 1677)
* February - Walter Charleton, English writer (d. 1707)
* February 24
** Robert Aske, English merchant (d. 1689)
** Charles Le Brun, French painter and art theorist (d. 1690)
* March 6 - Cyrano de Bergerac, French soldier and poet (d. 1655)
* March 25 - Peter Mews, English Royalist (d. 1706)
* March 28 - Maurice, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz (d. 1681)
* April 2 - Onofrio Gabrieli, Italian painter (d. 1706)
* April 11 - Abraham van der Hulst, Dutch admiral (d. 1666)
* April 21 - Jan van Riebeeck, founder of Cape Town (d. 1677)
* May
**James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount of Stair, Scottish lawyer and statesman (d. 1695)
**André Félibien, French court historian (d. 1695)
**Andrew Ramsay, Lord Abbotshall, Scottish judge and politician (d. 1688)
* May 20 - Abiezer Coppe, English "Ranter" and pamphleteer (d. 1672)
* June 14 - Sir Jeffrey Hudson, court dwarf (d. 1682)
* August 6 - Barbara Strozzi, Italian singer and composer (d. 1677)
* August 21 - Sir John Borlase, 1st Baronet (d. 1672)
* August 28
** Anne Genevieve of Bourbon-Condé (d. 1679)
** Louis Thomassin, French theologian (d. 1698)
* August 29 - Jean-Baptiste Colbert, French minister of finance (d. 1683)
* November 5 - Philip de Koninck, Dutch painter (d. 1688)
* November 7 - Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (d. 1692)
* December 17 - Prince Rupert of the Rhine, Royalist commander in the English Civil War (d. 1682)
* December 28 - Antoine Furetière, French writer (d. 1688)
*"date unknown"
**Richard Allestree, Provost of Eton College (d. 1681)
**Jean Claude, French Protestant clergyman (d. 1687)
**Samuel Collins, English doctor and author (d. 1670)
**Francisco Fernández de la Cueva, 8th Duke of Alburquerque (d. 1676)
**King Hyojong of Joseon (d. 1659)
**Willem Kalf, Dutch painter (d. 1693)
**Kumazawa Banzan, Japanese philosopher (d. 1691)
**Morgan Llwyd, Welsh preacher and writer (d. 1659)
**Dudley Loftus, Irish jurist (d. 1695)
**Francesco Antonio Picchiati, Italian architect (d. 1694)
**Shalom Shabazi, Jewish poet of Yemen (d. 1720)
**Wang Fuzhi, philosopher (d. 1692) : "See also ."

Deaths


* January 7 - Nicholas Hilliard, English painter (b. c. 1547)
* January 11 - Diane de France, Duchess of Angouleme (b. 1538)
* February 3 - Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (b. 1564)
* February 19 - Lucilio Vanini, Italian philosopher (b. 1585)
* March 4 - Anne of Denmark, queen of James I of England (b. 1574)
* March 13 - Richard Burbage, English actor (b. c. 1567)
* March 15 - Michael Balfour, 1st Lord Balfour of Burleigh
* March 18 - Chō Tsuratatsu, Japanese samurai (b. 1546)
* March 20 - Mathias, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1557)
* April 10 - Thomas Jones, Archbishop of Dublin (b. c. 1550)
* May 13 - Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Dutch statesman (b. 1547)
* May 21 - Hieronymus Fabricius, Italian anatomist (b. 1537)
* July 22 - Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian saint (b. 1559)
* August 3 - Dorothy Percy, Countess of Northumberland (b. c. 1564)
* August 19 - Thomas Dale, governor of the Virginia colony
* August 30 - Shimazu Yoshihiro, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1535)
* September - Hans Lippershey, Dutch lensmaker (b. 1570)
* September 3 - John Gordon, Scottish bishop (b. 1544)
* September 7 - Marko Krizin, Croatian saint (executed) (b. 1588)
* October - Nicholas Yonge, English singer and publisher (b. c. 1560)
* October 14 - Samuel Daniel, English poet (b. 1562)
* November 13 - Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (b. 1555)
* December 23 - John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1572)
* December 29 - Antoine Arnauld, French lawyer (b. 1560)
*"date unknown"
**Bagrat VII of Kartli (b. 1569)
**François d'Amboise, French jurist and writer (b. 1550)
**Denis Calvaert, Flemish painter (b. 1540)
**William Couper (bishop), Scottish bishop (b. 1568)
**William Larkin, English painter
**John Overall, English bishop (b. 1559)
**Nabeshima Naoshige, Japanese samurai (b. 1537)
**Robert Peake the Elder, English painter (b. c. 1551)
**Thomas Stephens, Jesuit missionary (b. c. 1549): "See also ."


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