Edward Clark Potter

Edward Clark Potter (November 26, 1857 - June 21, 1923) was an American sculptor.

Early years

Born in New London, Connecticut, he grew up in Enfield, Massachusetts where he lived with his mother Mary and sister Clara. There he went to local schools. At 17, due to his mother's wish that he become a minister, he entered Williston Seminary in Easthampton, Massachusetts for four years. He entered Amherst College in Amherst, Massachusetts in the class of 1882. He only attended for three semesters, but later was granted an honorary Master's degree. He studied drawing at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston with Frederic Crowninshield and Otto Grundmann. There he also did some modelling with the sculptor Truman H. Bartlett.


In 1883 he became an assistant to Daniel Chester French and concentrated on animal studies and working as a manager and salesman in the quarries.

From 1887 to 1889 he studied sculpture at the Académie Julian in Paris with Antonin Mercié and Emmanuel Frémiet, becoming an accomplished "animalier" (animal sculptor). During his years there, he exhibited several pieces at the Salon: small groups of rabbits, a bust of a black man, a sketch from an American Indian group, and a sleeping faun with a rabbit.

For the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago he collaborated with his teacher and friend Daniel Chester French on several of the important sculptures of the exposition. Unfortunately these statues, like most of the architecture of the fair, were made of "staff"; a temporary material of plaster, cement, and jute fibers, first used in buildings of the Paris exhibition in 1878.

He was elected that year to the National Sculpture Society.

In 1894 he joined the Society of American Artists which later merged with the National Academy to which he was elected in 1906.

From 1902 on, a native of Greenwich, Connecticut, he sculpted the memorial to Raynal Bolling there. The Cos Cob section of Greenwich is considered one of the birthplaces of American Impressionism. Potter was a founder and first president of the Greenwich Society of Artists, founded in 1912.

Potter won the gold medal at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis in 1904.His most famous work is the 1911 pair of pink Tennessee marble lions at the New York Public Library carved by the Piccirilli brothers. Potter was recommended for this commission by Augustus Saint-Gaudens. [ [http://www.nypl.org/pr/lions.cfm "The Library Lions"] ] The lions were originally nicknamed Leo Astor and Leo Lenox, for the two private libraries the formed the collection's core, but mayor Fiorello La Guardia re-named them for, qualities New Yorkers were showing to weather the Great Depression, "Patience" (on the left or south) and "Fortitude" (on the right or north), and those names have stuck.

He died at his summer home in New London, Connecticut.

Extant collaborations with Daniel Chester French

*General Ulysses S. Grant, Fairmont Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1899

*General Joseph Hooker, Boston, Massachusetts, 1903

*George Washington Memorial, Washington Park, Chicago, Illinois, 1904

*Progress of the State Quadriga, Minnesota State Capitol Building, Cass Gilbert, architect, St. Paul, Minnesota, 1905


* [http://www.ci.chi.il.us/WarMemorials/George_washington1.html George Washington, Chicago]
* [http://p.vtourist.com/1/722632.jpgGeorge Washington, Paris]
* [http://www.ushistory.org/districts/fairmountpark/grant.htm U. S. Grant, Phila.]
* [http://www.insecula.com/oeuvre/O0009007.html Lions NYC]
* [http://www.morrisville.edu/library/local_history/sites/slocum-gburg.html General Slocum, Gettysburg]
* [http://www.townofbrooklinemass.com/TownInformation/BrooklinePhotos/17.htm Bugler, Brookline, Mass.]
* [http://www.metmuseum.org/collections/view1zoom.asp?dep=2&zoom=0&full=1&mark=2&item=19%2E127 Sleeping Faun, Met, NYC]
* [http://www.arlingtoncemetery.org/images/ANC_surroundings/PAGES/image15.html Philip Kearny, Arlington Cem., D.C.]
* [http://www.historicmonroe.org/h008.htm General Custer, Mich.]
* [http://www.shadeofthecottonwood.com/Pages/gl01.html Governor Austin Blair, Mich.]
* [http://www.senate.gov/vtour/wheel.htm William Wheeler, D.C.]
* [http://www.state.ma.us/statehouse/statues/HOOKER_landing.htm Joseph Hooker, Boston]
* [http://www.chesterwood.org/hidden/sites/site19.html Gen. Chas. Devens, Worcester, Mass.]
* [http://www.loc.gov/jefftour/secondfloor.html Robert Fulton, Library of Congress]
* [http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/fa267/1893/1893_bull.jpgStatue of Plenty, 1893 Chicago]
* [http://washingtonmo.com/1893/grandcourt.htm Grand Court, 1893 Chicago]
* [http://columbus.gl.iit.edu/dreamcity/00024020.html Statue of the Republic, 1893, Chicago]
* [http://columbus.gl.iit.edu/dreamcity/00034026.html Statue of Industry, 1893, Chicago]
* [http://columbus.gl.iit.edu/bookfair/1500/00084041.jpgQuadriga, Chicago, 1893]
* [http://columbus.gl.iit.edu/artarch/1500/00154006.jpgQuadriga outriders, 1893, Chicago]
* Progress of the State, 1906, Minn.
* Raynal Bolling, Greenwich, Conn.


External links

* [http://dramamama1.homestead.com/Scripts.html Stone Spirit]
* [http://www.geocities.com/greenwichartsociety1912/ Greenwich Art Society]
* [http://www.nationalsculpture.org/ National Sculpture Society]
* [http://www.smfa.edu/ School of the Museum of Fine Arts]
* [http://www.williston.com/content_page_view.asp?item_id=642 Williston Seminary]

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