Edward Clark Potter
New London, Connecticut, he grew up in Enfield, Massachusettswhere he lived with his mother Mary and sister Clara. There he went to local schools. At 17, due to his mother's wish that he become a minister, he entered Williston Seminaryin Easthampton, Massachusettsfor four years. He entered Amherst Collegein Amherst, Massachusettsin the class of 1882. He only attended for three semesters, but later was granted an honorary Master's degree. He studied drawing at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Bostonwith Frederic Crowninshieldand Otto Grundmann. There he also did some modelling with the sculptor Truman H. Bartlett.
In 1883 he became an assistant to
Daniel Chester Frenchand concentrated on animal studies and working as a manager and salesman in the quarries.
From 1887 to 1889 he studied sculpture at the
Académie Julianin Pariswith Antonin Merciéand Emmanuel Frémiet, becoming an accomplished " animalier" (animal sculptor). During his years there, he exhibited several pieces at the Salon: small groups of rabbits, a bust of a black man, a sketch from an American Indian group, and a sleeping faun with a rabbit.
For the 1893
World's Columbian Expositionin Chicagohe collaborated with his teacher and friend Daniel Chester Frenchon several of the important sculptures of the exposition. Unfortunately these statues, like most of the architecture of the fair, were made of "staff"; a temporary material of plaster, cement, and jutefibers, first used in buildings of the Paris exhibition in 1878.
He was elected that year to the
National Sculpture Society.
In 1894 he joined the
Society of American Artistswhich later merged with the National Academyto which he was elected in 1906.
From 1902 on, a native of
Greenwich, Connecticut, he sculpted the memorial to Raynal Bollingthere. The Cos Cob section of Greenwich is considered one of the birthplaces of American Impressionism. Potter was a founder and first president of the Greenwich Society of Artists, founded in 1912.
Potter won the gold medal at the
Louisiana Purchase Expositionin St. Louis in 1904.His most famous work is the 1911 pair of pink Tennesseemarble lions at the New York Public Librarycarved by the Piccirilli brothers. Potter was recommended for this commission by Augustus Saint-Gaudens. [ [http://www.nypl.org/pr/lions.cfm "The Library Lions"] ] The lions were originally nicknamed Leo Astor and Leo Lenox, for the two private libraries the formed the collection's core, but mayor Fiorello La Guardiare-named them for, qualities New Yorkers were showing to weather the Great Depression, "Patience" (on the left or south) and "Fortitude" (on the right or north), and those names have stuck.
He died at his summer home in New London, Connecticut.
Extant collaborations with Daniel Chester French
Ulysses S. Grant, Fairmont Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1899
Joseph Hooker, Boston, Massachusetts, 1903
George WashingtonMemorial, Washington Park, Chicago, Illinois, 1904
*Progress of the State Quadriga,
Minnesota State CapitolBuilding, Cass Gilbert, architect, St. Paul, Minnesota, 1905
* [http://www.ci.chi.il.us/WarMemorials/George_washington1.html George Washington, Chicago]
* [http://p.vtourist.com/1/722632.jpgGeorge Washington, Paris]
* [http://www.ushistory.org/districts/fairmountpark/grant.htm U. S. Grant, Phila.]
* [http://www.insecula.com/oeuvre/O0009007.html Lions NYC]
* [http://www.morrisville.edu/library/local_history/sites/slocum-gburg.html General Slocum, Gettysburg]
* [http://www.townofbrooklinemass.com/TownInformation/BrooklinePhotos/17.htm Bugler, Brookline, Mass.]
* [http://www.metmuseum.org/collections/view1zoom.asp?dep=2&zoom=0&full=1&mark=2&item=19%2E127 Sleeping Faun, Met, NYC]
* [http://www.arlingtoncemetery.org/images/ANC_surroundings/PAGES/image15.html Philip Kearny, Arlington Cem., D.C.]
* [http://www.historicmonroe.org/h008.htm General Custer, Mich.]
* [http://www.shadeofthecottonwood.com/Pages/gl01.html Governor Austin Blair, Mich.]
* [http://www.senate.gov/vtour/wheel.htm William Wheeler, D.C.]
* [http://www.state.ma.us/statehouse/statues/HOOKER_landing.htm Joseph Hooker, Boston]
* [http://www.chesterwood.org/hidden/sites/site19.html Gen. Chas. Devens, Worcester, Mass.]
* [http://www.loc.gov/jefftour/secondfloor.html Robert Fulton, Library of Congress]
* [http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/fa267/1893/1893_bull.jpgStatue of Plenty, 1893 Chicago]
* [http://washingtonmo.com/1893/grandcourt.htm Grand Court, 1893 Chicago]
* [http://columbus.gl.iit.edu/dreamcity/00024020.html Statue of the Republic, 1893, Chicago]
* [http://columbus.gl.iit.edu/dreamcity/00034026.html Statue of Industry, 1893, Chicago]
* [http://columbus.gl.iit.edu/bookfair/1500/00084041.jpgQuadriga, Chicago, 1893]
* [http://columbus.gl.iit.edu/artarch/1500/00154006.jpgQuadriga outriders, 1893, Chicago]
Progress of the State, 1906, Minn.
Raynal Bolling, Greenwich, Conn.
* [http://dramamama1.homestead.com/Scripts.html Stone Spirit]
* [http://www.geocities.com/greenwichartsociety1912/ Greenwich Art Society]
* [http://www.nationalsculpture.org/ National Sculpture Society]
* [http://www.smfa.edu/ School of the Museum of Fine Arts]
* [http://www.williston.com/content_page_view.asp?item_id=642 Williston Seminary]
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