Worshipful Company of Cutlers
The Worshipful Company of Cutlers is one of the Livery Companies of the City of London. The trade of knife making and repairing was organised in the thirteenth century; the organisation received a Royal Charter later in 1416. The Company has lost a strong connection to its trade, which shifted north to Sheffield, Yorkshire, where there is a similar association, the Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire. Thus, it remains primarily as a charitable institution. It funds and administers a variety of educational initiatives such as scholarships and awards.
The Company ranks eighteenth in the order of precedence of Livery Companies.
Arms were first granted to the Company in 1476. The current elephant and castle crest was granted in 1622. It features two elephants and three crossed-swords, a helmet and a smaller elephant and castle. The original blazon reads: "Gules, three pairs of swords in saltire argent, hilts and pommels or Crest: An elephant's head couped gules, armed or". The elephant probably relates to the ivory used in hafting swords, knives and other weapons - an expensive material employed for the best of implements. The elephant and castle crest gave rise to a pub of the same name on the site of an old cutler's in Newington, London, which in turn gave its name to the entire area, the Elephant and Castle.
The present hall of the company is in Warwick Lane, on a site once occupied by the Royal College of Physicians. It was designed by T. Tayler Smith, the company’s Surveyor, and opened in 1888. It is a brick building, the facade decorated with a terracotta frieze depicting the processes of knife-making by the sculptor Benjamin Creswick, who had worked as a knife grinder in Sheffield.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire — Arms and Motto on Stained Glass Window in Cutlers Hall The Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire is a trade guild of metalworkers based in Sheffield, England. It was incorporated in 1624 by an Act of parliament. The head is called the Master Cutler.… … Wikipedia
Worshipful Company of Curriers — Spes Nostra Deus Location: c/o Tallow Chandlers Hall, Dowgate Hill, London Date of formation: 1272 … Wikipedia
Worshipful Company of Cooks — Vulnerati Non Victi Date of formation: 1482 Company association: Cooks and food … Wikipedia
Worshipful Company of Mercers — Honor Deo Latin for Honour to God. Location: Mercers Hall, London Date of formation: 1394 Company association … Wikipedia
Worshipful Company of Cordwainers — Corio et Arte The Cordwainers Coat of Arms Location: c/o Clothworkers Hall, Dunster Court, Mincing Lane, London EC3R 7AH Date of formation: 1272 Company association: Leather industries … Wikipedia
Worshipful Company of Musicians — Arms of the Company, 1905 The Worshipful Company of Musicians is one of the Livery Companies of the City of London. Its history dates back to at least 1350. Originally a specialist guild for musicians, its role became an anachronism in the 18th… … Wikipedia
Worshipful Company of Drapers — Arms of the Drapers Company The Worshipful Company of Drapers is one of the 108 Livery Companies of the City of London; it has the formal name of The Master and Wardens and Brethren and Sisters of the Guild or Fraternity of the Blessed Mary the… … Wikipedia
Worshipful Company of Clockmakers — The Worshipful Company of Clockmakers is one of the Livery Companies of the City of London. The Clockmakers were formed by a Royal Charter in 1631. Originally, no person was allowed to sell clocks unless they were a member of the Company. However … Wikipedia
Worshipful Company of Farmers — The Worshipful Company of Farmers is one of the Livery Companies of the City of London. The Company became a Livery Company in 1952, and was granted a Royal Charter three years later. The Farmers Company supports farming students, and otherwise… … Wikipedia
Worshipful Company of Dyers — The Worshipful Company of Dyers is one of the Livery Companies of the City of London. The Dyers Guild existed in the twelfth century; it received a Royal Charter in 1471. It originated as a trade association for members of the dyeing industry but … Wikipedia